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Life in the Mid 1800’s . Waves of Immigrants 1. More than 4 million immigrants settled in US between 1840-60. Life in the Mid 1800’s. a. Most immigrants were Irish or German escaping troubles. Life in the Mid 1800’s. 1. Irish immigrants poor and

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life in the mid 1800 s
Life in the Mid 1800’s
  • Waves of Immigrants

1. More than 4 million immigrants

settled in US between 1840-60

life in the mid 1800 s2
Life in the Mid 1800’s

a. Most immigrants were Irish

or German escaping troubles

life in the mid 1800 s3
Life in the Mid 1800’s

1. Irish immigrants poor and

settled in cities

life in the mid 1800 s4
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. Germans arrived with

money and became

farmers

life in the mid 1800 s5
Life in the Mid 1800’s

B. The Growth of Cities

1. Industrial and Transportation

Revolutions led to growth of

cities

life in the mid 1800 s6
Life in the Mid 1800’s

a. Middle class created – level

between wealthy and poor

b. In cities people found new

entertainment – libraries, clubs,

theaters, bowling, playing cards

life in the mid 1800 s7
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. Cities extremely crowded

life in the mid 1800 s8
Life in the Mid 1800’s
  • Urban Problems

1. Lack of safe housing

a. Dirty, overcrowded buildings called tenements

life in the mid 1800 s9
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. No clean water or safe ways to get rid of garbage

and human waste

3. Disease spreads quickly

life in the mid 1800 s10
Life in the Mid 1800’s

4. Become centers of criminal

activity

5. Poor fire protection

life in the mid 1800 s11
Life in the Mid 1800’s

D. Prison Reform

1. Dorthea Dix – helped create

separate facilities for mentally ill

a. previously jailed with criminals

life in the mid 1800 s12
Life in the Mid 1800’s

“To call your attention to the present state of insane persons confined within this Commonwealth, in cages, closets, cellars, stalls, pens! Chained, naked, beaten with rods and lashed into obedience.”

life in the mid 1800 s13
Life in the Mid 1800’s

"If I am cold, they are cold; if I am weary, they are distressed; if I am alone, they are abandoned." - Dorothea Dix

life in the mid 1800 s14
Life in the Mid 1800’s
  • Reform schools set up for children

who committed crimes

a. previously treated same as

adult criminals

life in the mid 1800 s15
Life in the Mid 1800’s

E. Alcohol Abuse

1. Some believed Americans drinking liquor at “alarming rates”

a. Believed to cause social problems like family violence, poverty and criminal behavior

life in the mid 1800 s16
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. Temperance Movement – urged people to stop drinking hard liquor and limit beer and wine to small quantities

life in the mid 1800 s17
Life in the Mid 1800’s

F. Education in America

1. Education varies throughout US

a. New England has most schools, West and South have least

life in the mid 1800 s18
Life in the Mid 1800’s

b. People from different backgrounds receive different educations

1. Rich – private schools or tutors

2. Poor – public schools

3. Girls – usually stayed home

life in the mid 1800 s19
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. Common school movement – all

children educated in common place regardless of class or race

a. Created by Horace Mann who

becomes first secretary of educa.

life in the mid 1800 s20
Life in the Mid 1800’s

G. Women’s Education

1. Few women could attend classes

beyond grade school

2. Catherine Beecher starts first all

female academy

life in the mid 1800 s21
Life in the Mid 1800’s

“Let every women become so refined in intellect that her taste and judgment will be respected…”

~Catharine Beecher

life in the mid 1800 s22
Life in the Mid 1800’s

3. 1830’s – women’s colleges open

life in the mid 1800 s23
Life in the Mid 1800’s

H. African American Schools

1. Most African Americans went to

separate schools

life in the mid 1800 s24
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. Philadelphia supported development of African American education

a. 7 schools for African Americans in 1800

life in the mid 1800 s25
Life in the Mid 1800’s

3. African Americans rarely attend

college

4. Most slaves did not receive

education

life in the mid 1800 s26
Life in the Mid 1800’s

I. Teaching People with Disabilities

1. Schools opened for visually

impaired

a. created by Samuel Gridley Howe

life in the mid 1800 s27
Life in the Mid 1800’s

2. Schools for hearing impaired

opened by Thomas Hopkins

Galladet