Slips, Trips and Falls – Ladder Safety. OSHA Region V Emphasis Program. Fall Hazards in Construction and General Industry Effective April 1, 2013 Focus on the safe use of portable and fixed ladders Evaluate number of fall-related injuries. Slip, Trip, and Fall Preventi on. 3.
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‘It’s not the fall that’s hurts but the sudden stop at the end’
The free fall velocity at impact when falling 12 feet is nearly 20 mph
A person will hit the ground in just under one second after falling this distance
Before stepping onto a ladder, think about these things:
Use at angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is ¼ the working length of the ladder (length along ladder between the foot and top support).
Inspect ladders for visible defects, like broken or missing rungs
If a defective ladder is found, immediately mark it defective or tag it "Do Not Use”
Withdraw defective ladders from service until repaired
Face the ladder when going up or down
Use at least one hand to grab the ladder when going up or down –
Maintain 3 points of contact at all times!
Do not carry any object or load that could cause you to lose balance
The ‘Belly Button Rule’
Never use a ladder on a slippery surface, unless it issecured to prevent movement.
When the surface is not level, use a ladder leveler (accessory) to provide even contact points