Shin Splints Fatoumata Nanakasse
What ARE Shin splints? • Shin splints are also known as tibial stress syndrome or tibial periostitis. • Shin splints are small stress fractures in the tibia, also known as the shin. • Most commonly caused by running and increased intensity of workouts.
Symptoms • Aching pain in lower front leg. • This pain can occur during or after exercise or even just be a constant pain. • Swelling and redness. • Bumps when feeling the shin bone. • Pain may reoccur the next day, pain may be more intense.
HOW IT IS CAUSED • Shin splints can be caused by not wearing accurate footwear when running. • Over pronation or supination of the feet. • Running on hard surfaces such as concrete. • This is more likely to happen to people with high arches in their feet or people with flat feet. This causes more stress on your tibia leading to shin splints.
Treatment • Shin splints are usually treated easily by resting and icing your shins for 20mins every 3 hours. • Wearing shoes with good shock absorption and or a arch support during exercise. • Wearing a neoprene support on your shins.
Who can be affected ? • Anyone can be affected by shin splints, male or female any age or race. It is only contracted through exercise and any other physical activities. • Shin splints can be prevented by wearing proper shoes and stretching out your muscles well before exercising.
Shin splints • While resting because of the shin splint there are some activities you can partake in. • Swimming • Cycling • Walking • Elliptical Machines • These are activities you can do to maintain you current physical health and still heal you shin splints