measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 88 Views
  • Uploaded on

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond. Dr Roger Giner-Sorolla Department of Psychology. Presentation given at the Research Methods Festival, July 2008, Oxford, UK. Emotion research is interdisciplinary.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond' - prince


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond

Dr Roger Giner-Sorolla

Department of Psychology

Presentation given at the Research Methods Festival, July 2008, Oxford, UK

emotion research is interdisciplinary
Emotion research is interdisciplinary
  • ISRE organization has members from psychology, sociology, anthropology, humanities, history …
  • “Affective revolutions” in economics, computing, law, art education …
  • Emotions are interesting and important
only one small question
Only one small question

What is an emotion?

emotion is a language culture category wierzbicka
“Emotion” is a language/culture category (Wierzbicka)

Other cultures (e.g., Ifaluk, studied by Lutz) divide mental phenomena in different ways

Even across the Channel … “emotion” vs. “sentiment” not observed in English

how does western english speaking culture characterize emotion
How does Western English-speaking culture characterize emotion?

Depends … lay or scientific definition?

Compact OED

Emotion • noun1 a strong feeling, such as joy or anger. 2 instinctive feeling as distinguished from reasoning or knowledge.

Psychology: over 50 definitions of emotion …

what is a cat
What is a cat?

4 legs,

has fur,

has tail …

what is an emotion
What is an emotion?
  • Like a cat, different modules or traits
  • Unlike a cat, no scientific consensus on which is the defining set of traits
what is not an emotion
What is not an emotion?
  • Even here there is controversy between lay and different scientific definitions
emotion vs attitude evaluation
Emotion vs. attitude/evaluation
  • Emotions have specificity beyond positive or negative valence (fear vs. shame vs. anger vs. sadness)
emotion vs mood
Emotion vs. mood
  • One scientific view: Emotions are responses to specific situations, unlike moods which are diffuse
  • BUT: Emotional feelings are not always identified with their source; can have carry-over effects; can be associated with objects (even irrationally)
emotion vs belief
Emotion vs. belief
  • Emotions are not propositional, although they can be expressed in propositional language – “I am angry”; “This place is disgusting”
  • Beliefs can influence emotions (appraisal view); emotions can also influence beliefs (e.g. intuitive prosecutor research)
emotion vs motivation
Emotion vs. motivation
  • View 1: Emotion is motivation

Emotion -> behaviour

(Lazarus; Scherer; Frijda’s action tendencies)

  • View 2: Emotion is a report on motivation

Motive -> Behaviour -> success/failure -> emotion

(Buck; Carver & Scheier)

specific emotion vs core affect
Specific emotion vs. core affect

Russell & Barrett’s model

Is everything else besides core affect just language?

what is an emotion traits
What is an emotion? Traits
  • Feelings: subjective experience

Impossible to measure directly

  • Language: terms describing subjective experience (or the other things below!)
  • Emotion concepts (tied to language or not?)
  • Facial expressions
  • Physiological changes: central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
  • Effects on thought, judgment, behaviour
  • Dependency on perception, interpretation of environment
methods of emotion measurement
Methods of emotion measurement
  • Verbal self-report
  • Pictorial self-report
  • Interjections?
  • Facial expression coding
  • Physiological measures
  • Neurological measures
  • Implicit measures
methods of emotion manipulation
Methods of emotion manipulation
  • Imagined scenarios
  • Recalled scenarios
  • Emotion priming: words, faces…
  • Environmental aspects
  • Social induction
  • Social contagion
  • Physiological induction
pitfalls of emotion measurement and manipulation
Pitfalls of emotion measurement and manipulation
  • Language and emotion terms
  • Ambiguities in physiology
  • Context and referents
  • Emotion concept vs. emotion feeling
  • Emotion experience vs. emotion communication
  • Confounds in emotion manipulation
  • Limits of emotion manipulation
traps of language
Traps of language
  • Specific languages
    • English: “anger”; “disgust”
  • Implicit assumptions in language
    • English: “irritable”; “disgusting”
intergroup emotions an example
Intergroup emotions: an example
  • Anger, fear, and action tendencies