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Count Camilo di Cavour. THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY. The Crimean War = breakdown of the Concert of Europe  opens way for Italian and German unification In 1850 Austria dominated Italy Attempt at Italian unification in the revolution of 1848 fails

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the unification of italy
THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY
  • The Crimean War = breakdown of the Concert of Europe  opens way for Italian and German unification
  • In 1850 Austria dominated Italy
  • Attempt at Italian unification in the revolution of 1848 fails
  • Italian nationalists look to the Kingdom of Piedmont to lead the way to unification
piedmont orange
PIEDMONT(orange)
  • Also known as Kingdom of Sardinia
  • Located in northwest Italy
  • King Victor Emmanuel
  • Prime Minister Camillo di Cavour
  • Piedmont + France v. Austria 1859 tries to drive out Aust’s  only partially successful
garibaldi and the red shirts
GARIBALDI AND THE RED SHIRTS
  • Guiseppe Garibaldi = the other key figure in Italian unification
  • Nationalist leader
  • The Red Shirts = his army
  • 1860 G. and the Red Shirts take Sicilycross and take Naples prepare to march on Rome
  • Cavour fears French will intervene to protect Rome
  • Piedmontese army marches south
  • Cavour and Garibaldi agree to allow plebescites in the south to decide whether to join Piedmont they vote to join Piedmont

* Victor Emmanuel becomes first king of unified/independent of Italy in 1861

italy 1861
ITALY 1861
  • Italy is unified in 1861
  • Venetia is still controlled by Austria
  • Rome remains under Papal control supported by French troops
  • Austro-Prussian War  Italy gains Venetia
  • Franco-Prussian War  Italy gains Rome