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Human Exploration of the Moon and Mars

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Human Exploration of the Moon and Mars. Launch configuration. Crew Exploration Vehicle. Service module carries the CEV to the Moon. Lunar Surface Module. Site Selection for Moon. Optimal Science Base. * Numbers indicate sortie sites. 58. 31. 27. 49. 41. 18. 38. 10. 6. 57. 50.

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slide8
Site Selection for Moon

Optimal Science Base

* Numbers indicate sortie sites

58

31

27

49

41

18

38

10

6

57

50

37

25

33

19

34

3

53

13

29

40

26

5

15

21

1

52

20

4

30

55

9

22

42

47

32

46

56

35

28

54

36

2

11

39

12

45

23

17

16

7

43

8

24

Near-side

Far-side

slide9
Do it on the Moon first
  • Partial gravity
  • Radiation
  • Planetary protection
slide13
Advanced Life Support Requirements Document. JSC-38571C/CTSD-ADV-245C Feb 2003, NASA JSC
slide14
Advanced Life Support Requirements Document. JSC-38571C/CTSD-ADV-245C Feb 2003, NASA JSC
slide15
Human requirements and products kg/person-day

Requirements

Food

0.6

Water

3

Oxygen

0.8

Total

4.5

Outputs

Solids

0.2

Water

3.3

CO2

1.0

Total

4.5

MacElroy et al. 1985

slide18
Near-term missions

Using the martian soil and atmosphere for a plant growth module

slide21
The Antarctica Model

Fifty years of continuous operations, 1-15 month tours.

Three permanent bases with temporary field camps.

Dec 1956: Bases established, IGY Cold War competition.

Science exploration was rationale, NSF had responsibility for science.

1970s, 1980s: US Antarctic research program operated as a part of foreign policy & military preparedness for cold weather operations.

1990s: Cold War ends, military activities in USARP reduced.

2000: Helicopter transport provided by private sector.

2005: Civilian science (NSF) managed program entirely. Contractor operation of base (Ratheon Polar Services)

Air Force provides transport to Antarctica, Coast Guard provides ice breaker.

2006: NSF directed to assume operation of ice breakers.

slide22
Don’t send humans

because they will contaminate Mars before we have a chance to determine if it has life and its potential for life

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