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  1. How Does China’s Growth Affect Poverty Reduction in Asia and Latin America? Rhys Jenkins and Chris Edwards University of East Anglia

  2. People on<$2 a day in Asia

  3. People on <$2 a day in Latin America

  4. Impacts of China on Developing Countries • Increased market for exports to China • Increased competition from China in third markets • Increased competition from China in domestic market • Effects on FDI • Multiplier effect of China’s growth on world output • Effect of Chinese demand on world prices

  5. Framework of Analysis

  6. Typology of Exports • Labour-intensive agricultural products (LA) • Non-labour-intensive agricultural products (OA) • Forestry (F) • Minerals and petroleum (MP) • Labour-intensive manufactures (LM) • Other manufactures (OM)

  7. Structure of Exports to China, 2001 (%)

  8. Share of labour-intensive products threatened by Chinese competition in total exports, 2001 (%)

  9. Shares of Imports from China, 2001 (%)

  10. Aspects of China’s Growth Most Likely to Impact on the Poor

  11. Implications for policy • How to respond to opportunities and challenges? • What are the implications for pro-poor policies?

  12. Further Research on the Impact of China on International Poverty • Analysis of competition in labour-intensive products in 3rd country markets • Identification of products likely to have pro-poor impacts • Studies of individual value chains • In depth country case studies