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Celiac Disease. Case Study 12 Jackie Farrall KNH 411 Professor Matuszak November 13, 2012. Patient Description . Melissa Gaines 36 years old female; 5’3” Currently 92 lbs UBW is 112 lbs Patient Hx :

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celiac disease

Celiac Disease

Case Study 12

Jackie Farrall

KNH 411

Professor Matuszak

November 13, 2012

patient description
Patient Description
  • Melissa Gaines
  • 36 years old female; 5’3”
  • Currently 92 lbs
  • UBW is 112 lbs
  • Patient Hx:
    • Chief Complaint: “I have lost a tremendous amount of weight, and I have been having terrible diarrhea for awhile now. I don’t even have the energy to get off the couch”
    • GI issues on mothers side
    • Has been relying on chicken noodle soup, crackers and sprite for the past few days
    • Has a college degree and works as a secretary for a hospital administrator but just gave birth 3 months ago so on maternity leave
etiology
Etiology
  • Auto-immune condition which affects an individual for life once there is an onset
    • Usually inherited (associated with the AGA/EMA antibody production)
    • Onset can occur at birth, after surgery, during pregnancy, after infection or any serious trauma
  • Immune response to gluten, a wheat protein which causes damage to the intestinal villi
    • Damaged villus will decrease the area of the intestines in which nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream
symptoms for celiac disease
Symptoms for Celiac Disease
  • Direct
    • Abdominal bloating
    • Chronic diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Constipation
    • Foul smelling/fatty stool
    • Weight loss
  • Indirect
    • Anemia
    • Fatigue
    • Arthritis
    • Skin rash
    • Osteoporosis
    • Infertility/miscarriage
patients symptoms
Patients’ Symptoms
  • Weight loss
  • Foul smelling/fatty stool
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
assessment
Assessment
  • 36 year old female, thin, pale, experiencing fatigue, weakness and diarrhea
  • BMI: 16.3
  • UBW: 112 lbs
  • Melissa is 82% of her UBW
  • Actual body weight: 92 lbs
  • Avoids eating due to nausea and diarrhea. Has resulted to weight loss
nutrition requirements
Nutrition Requirements
  • Requirements: 1185-1400 kcals per day
    • Increased the kcal by 500 kcal/day because we want Melissa to gain weight
  • Protein: 1.0 g/kg body weight/day (1.0 x 41.8 kg)=42 g/day
    • Which would increase the protein by 63-73 gr/day
  • Receiving:
    • 598 kilocalories
    • 9 gr of protein and fat
pes statements
PES Statements
  • Involuntary weight loss (NC 3.2) related to inadequate energy intake and untreated Celiac disease as evidence by recent weight loss of 30 lbs and BMI of 16.3 kg/m squared.
  • Altered gastrointestinal function related to secondary malabsorption of nutrients, vitamins and minerals as evidence by reported consumption of gluten containing foods, small bowel biopsy indicating flat mucosa with villous atrophy and hyperplastic crypts, having diarrhea on and off for most of her adult life, and recent weight loss over one month.
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic Measures
    • 24-hour stool collection
    • 100-g fat diet x 3 days
    • 72- hour fecal fat
    • Sudan Black B fat stain
    • Blood tests
    • Collecting a sample of small intestine for testing
    • CBC, WBC, ESR, CRP, CMP tests
  • Melissa's results revealed flat mucosa with villus atrophy and hyperplastic crypts. Fecal fat tests indicated steatorrhea and malabsorption. As seen in lab values patient was positive for AGA and EMA antigens.
treatment
Treatment
  • MNT: Gluten-free diet
    • Nothing containing wheat, rye or barley
    • Words such as stabilizer, starch, flavoring, emulsifier, hydrolyser, plant protein often mean wheat protein is involved
    • Corn, potato, rice, soybean, tapioca, arrowroot, carob, buckwheat, millet, amaranth and quinoa are allowed and good carbohydrate sources
    • Cross contamination
    • Alcohol
  • Medication
    • Steroids and immune suppressants
    • Vitamin supplements
  • Treatment for this condition is non-surgical
prognosis
Prognosis
  • Education will be important part of recovery
  • With a gluten-free diet regeneration of new epithelial cells in the gut will take place and within 2 years patients intestine will be healed
  • If patient does not stay on gluten-free diet-
    • Increase chances of developing cancer of the intestine
    • Osteoporosis
    • Untreated pregnant women have higher than normal rates of miscarriage and babies born with birth defects, especially neural tube defects, which arise from inadequate amounts of folic acid.
references
References

American Association for Clinical Chemistry. (2009, May 16). Total protein and A/G ratio. Retrieved November 9, 2012, from http://www.labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/tp/test.htm

American Dietetic Association. (2008). International dietetics and nutrition terminology (IDNT) reference manual: Standardized language for the nutrition care process (2nd ed.)

Celiac Disease Foundation. (2011). Celiac disease symptoms. Retrieved November 9, 2012, from http://www.celiac.org/

Celiac Sprue Association. (2008). Symptoms of celiac disease. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.csaceliacs.org/celiac_symptoms.php

Nelms, M. N., Roth, S. L., & Lacey, K. (2009). Medical nutrition therapy: A case study approach (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. (2010, September 28). MyPyramid tracker. Retrieved November 9, 2012, from http://www.mypyramid.gov/

The University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center. (n.d.). The University of Chicago celiac disease center. Retrieved November 8, 2012, from http://www.celiacdisease.net/