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Show Steer Classification Guidelines. Sam Womble County Extension Agent – Natural Resources Victoria County. History.

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show steer classification guidelines

Show Steer Classification Guidelines

Sam Womble

County Extension Agent – Natural Resources

Victoria County

history
History
  • In the fall of 2006, various County Extension Agents, Agriculture Science Teachers, Breed Represenatives and Industry Leaders met to develop breed specific classification criteria.
  • The information that follows should be used as a tool (determining potential classification) when purchasing breed steers for Texas Major Livestock Shows.
angus1
Angus

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Purebred Angus

Solid Black

Polled

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Continental breed type structure and head

Bumps between the poll and the ear

Birth marks or white hair in the switch should be reviewed for the skin color

Bos Taurus type ear set (ear size not to be discriminated against)

angus2
Angus

Absolute Disqualifications:

White skin resulting in white hair above the underline or in front of the navel (white on the navel is acceptable)

White skin resulting in white hair on the leg, foot, or tail

Horns or scurs

Brindle

Diluter color pattern

Dehorning scars

Double muscling

hereford1
Hereford

Ideal Breed Characteristics:

Must exhibit breed characteristics of a purebred Hereford

Red body with white face, white underline, and white marked legs

Feather neck

Horned Herefords must be dehorned

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Dark red color

Red neck

Solid red or solid white ear, size and shape is questionable

hereford2
Hereford

Excess white on legs

Excess white above the underline

Eye pigment

Black hair in tail, ear, or on rear end of animal

Black on reproductive tract

Black spotting /smut, or freckling on the nose

Lineback

White above switch in tail

White across rump above the twist

hereford3
Hereford

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Coarse joints, head or ribs

Straight line white markings on legs

White above the hocks, on the outside and back side of rear legs

Excess pigment or color around the eyes

Red neck in combination with excess white on legs

Absolute Disqualifications:

Diluter color pattern

Brindles

Double muscling

Any color pattern other than red and white

red angus1
Red Angus

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Purebred Red Angus

English/British characteristics

Solid red

Polled

Black pigmentation (animals may have 2 of 3 areas of black pigmentation on the nose, around the eyes, and anus but not all 3)

A blond, light red or mixed switch

Black hair on the tail, muzzle, face, neck, and shoulder

red angus2
Red Angus

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Double muscling

Coarse joints or head (big feet, big dewclaws)

Bumps between the poll and ear

Solid white switch

Absolute Disqualifications:

Horns or scurs

White above the underline or in front of the navel

White on the leg

red angus3
Red Angus

Absolute Disqualifications:

Black pigmentation (having all 3 areas of black pigmentation and that being on the nose, around the eyes, and anus)

Diluter color pattern

Dehorning scars or evidence of dehorning

Solid white tail

shorthorn1
Shorthorn

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Purebred Shorthorn

Solid red, solid white with red hair or red pigment on ear, muzzle, or tail; or red and white or any combination of red and white, with the red and white color pattern bleeding together

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Motley face or brockle faced

Orange or light red color

Black nose pigment

Straight line white markings across leg

Coarse head

Double muscling

shorthorn2
Shorthorn

Absolute Disqualifications:

Diluter color pattern such as yellow or yellow roan

Blacks, blue roans or grays

Brindle

charolais1
Charolais

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Must appear to have at least 50% Charolais

White, yellow, gray or silver (moderate dappling allowed)

Expression of diluter gene

Painting or spotting less than 20%

Skunk tail, lineback or baldy

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Excessive painting or spotting (over 20%)

Double muscling

Brindles

Frail bone work and general appearance

charolais2
Charolais

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Light red color

Short, stubby head

Overly refined narrow head

Excessive dark pigmentation (eyes, nose, ears, anus)

Excessive dappling

Absolute Disqualifications:

Black, red, dark smuts

Showing no diluter gene

chianina1
Chianina

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Must exhibit Chianina influence in head (ear, eye and nose) and skeleton

Any shade of black, red, gray or yellow

Brindles

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Coarse joints or skeleton

Excessive spotting above the underline

Absolute Disqualifications:

Cannot appear to be a purebred of any other breed

limousin1
Limousin

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Must appear to have at least 50% Limousin

Solid black, red, light red, charcoal black

Bald face

Smooth joints and skeleton

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Coarse joints, skeleton and head

Stocking legs

Brindle

Spotting above the underline

Roans

maine anjou1
Maine Anjou

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Must appear to be at least 50% Maine Anjou

Solid black or solid red

White stocking legs

White underline

Spotting above the underline and on face

Heavy skeletal structure

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Brindle

Roan

Diluter Color Pattern

Absolute Disqualifications:

Cannot appear to be more than 50% of any other breed

simmental1
Simmental

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Purebred Simmental characteristics

Larger, longer head

Larger ear, lower set

Solid black, red, light red, gray, smut, red and white, yellow and white, black and white

Spotting above the underline

Stocking legs

Bald, blaze or streak face

Diluter color pattern

simmental2
Simmental

Discriminating Breed Characteristics:

Roans

Skunk tail

Double muscling

30% or more white above the underline

Diluter color pattern around the eyes and muzzle

Monkey mouth

Absolute Disqualification:

Brindle

american breeds cross1
American Breeds Cross

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Any color or color pattern

Progression of importance to include Bosindicus head, eye and ear of moderate length, slightly drooping and opens down and forward

Crest or slick neck

Sheath score of 2 or more

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Bostaurus head

Bostaurus short ear

Bostaurus eye

Sheath score of 1

american breeds cross2
American Breeds Cross

Absolute Disqualifications:

A combination of a Bos taurus head, eye and ear

Without adequate Bos indicus head, eye and ear characteristics, sheath score is irrelevant

brahman1
Brahman

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Must appear to be at least 50% Brahman

A prominent hump beginning in the middle of the shoulder going forward

Any color or color pattern

Bos indicus ear, head and sheath

Absolute Disqualification:

A crest with the absence of a hump

brangus1
Brangus

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Purebred Black Brangus

Solid black

Sheath hangs at a 45 degree angle and is well controlled

Influence of a Bosindicus eye, ear and head

Slick neck or evidence of a crest

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Scurs or slick spots (scurs must be loose)

Excessive pendulous sheath

Absence of Bosindicus influenced eye, ear and head

brangus2
Brangus

Absolute Disqualifications:

Hard horns (attached)

Dehorning scars

White above the underline or in front of the navel

White on the legs, feet or tail

No brindles

simbrah1
Simbrah

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Purebred Simbrah

Must have a minimum of ¼ and/or a maximum of ¾ Simmental and/or Brahman

A sheath score of 2 or greater

A Bosindicus eye, ear and head

Stocking legs

Bald, blaze or streak face

Diluter color pattern

Solid black, red, light red, gray, smut or yellow or a combination of white with any of the previous listed colors

Brindles

simbrah2
Simbrah

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

A sheath score of 1

A Bostaurus head

A Bostaurus ear

A Bostaurus eye

Mottled face

Diluter color pattern around the eyes and muzzle

Absolute Disqualification:

A combination of a Bostaurus head, ear, eye and sheath

Roans

santa gertrudis1
Santa Gertrudis

Acceptable Breed Characteristics:

Appears to be at least 50% Santa Gertrudis

Any color or color pattern

Moderate crest, no definite hump

Moderate dewlap development

Moderate length of ear, slightly drooping and opens forward

Sheath score 1-4

Not necessary to show predominant Bos indicus characteristics

santa gertrudis2
Santa Gertrudis

Discriminatory Breed Characteristics:

Sheath score of 5

Excessive sloppiness and/or looseness of hide

Absolute Disqualification:

Absence of any visible Santa Gertrudis characteristics

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Keep in mind the above mentioned guidelines are just that, GUIDELINES.
  • Classification is ultimately determined by the classifiers.
  • Two or more “Discriminatory Breed Characteristics” can be means to classify a steer out of a particular breed.