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Marquette & Joliet. By: Patricia Carlough. Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet. Jacques was a Catholic missionary and an explorer while Louis was a French-Canadian trader and explorer. Jacques was born in Laon , France Louis was born near Quebec City and was raised in a Jesuit seminary

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marquette joliet

Marquette &Joliet

By: Patricia Carlough

jacques marquette and louis joliet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
  • Jacques was a Catholic missionary and an explorer while Louis was a French-Canadian trader and explorer.
  • Jacques was born in Laon, France
  • Louis was born near Quebec City and was raised in a Jesuit seminary
  • In 1672 Joliet was named the leader of the exploration of the great lakes.
  • After the expedition Marquette went back to preach to a tribe of Illinois Native Americans until his death in 1675
what country did they work for
What country did they work for
  • Louis Joliet is from Quebec City, Canada
  • Jacques Marquette is from Laon, France
  • Both Marquette and Joliet sailed under France’s flag
  • they sailed in the Queen Elizabethan era
  • The Mississippi River Expedition was a year long
what did they discover
What did they discover
  • first Europeans to sail along the Mississippi River.
  • sailed Lake Michigan and explored both the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers.
  • they didn’t want to be captured so they sailed up the Illinois River into Lake Michigan
  • after a canoe tipping Joliet lost all of his maps and dairies of the expedition.
  • They sailed the Mississippi River in 1673
what kind of ships did they use
What kind of ships did they use
  • They used two birch bark canoes
  • They mainly sailed
  • Sometimes traveled on foot
  • Carried salted meat, trinkets for trading and some dairies for recording
  • Spread word of God from tribe to tribe
about the exploration party
About the Exploration Party
  • They took a group of five men
  • Took 30 days to go 1,273 miles
  • Took twice as long 54 days to only go 920 miles
  • Joliet had paddled 2,500 miles on his exploration of the Mississippi River
  • Marquette drew a map of the country and kept a diary
fun facts
Fun Facts
  • In 1675 Joliet married Claire-Francoise Bissot
  • Joliet and Claire had one child Jean-Baptiste Joliet
  • 1700 Joliet died on an exploration
  • After trying to contact Illinois Indians Marquette fell ill
  • 1675 May 19 Marquette died
champlain
Champlain
  • Samuel de Champlain was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of North America
  • Searched for the Northwest Passage and settle on the Gaspe Peninsula
  • 1608 led 32 colonists to settle in Quebec
  • Helped found a colony in Port Royal and Nova Scotia in 1605
  • Champlain was a governor for Quebec until his death in December 25, 1635
interesting facts
Interesting Facts
  • Champlain was well educated
  • Known as father of Canada
  • Expedition consisted of 24 canoes, 60 warriors, and only three white men
  • 1610, 40 year old Champlain married 12 year old Helene Boulle
  • December 25, 1635 Champlain died