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Essential Question
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  1. Essential Question • What were the causes and effects of the War of 1812?

  2. The War of 1812

  3. Election of 1808 • James Madison (Republican) • Charles Pinckney (Federalist)

  4. War Hawks • Supported war with Britain • Henry Clay (KY) • John Calhoun (SC)

  5. Why Did Southerners and Westerners Support War? • British trade restrictions hurt farmers • Westerners blamed British for supporting Indian uprisings

  6. Moving West Kentucky Tennessee Northwest Territory

  7. Native American Resistance Little Turtle – chief of the Miami people Washington sent General Anthony Wayne Battle of Fallen Timbers

  8. Treaty of Greenville August 1795 Indians gave up land in Ohio, Indiana, parts of Illinois and Michigan

  9. Tecumseh • Shawnee leader • Believed Native Americans needed to unite to protect their lands

  10. William Henry Harrison • Governor of Indiana territory • Won at the Battle of Tippecanoe • Indian leaders fled to Canada

  11. Declaration of War • June 1812 • President Madison asked Congress to declare war

  12. Quote, Madison “Thousands of American citizens, under the safeguard of public law and of their national flag, have been torn from . . . Everything dear to them; have been dragged on board ships of a foreign nation to be exiled to the most distant and deadly climes to risk their lives in battles of their oppressors.”

  13. Invasion of Canada • Attacked from Detroit, Niagara Falls, Hudson River Valley • All failed

  14. Battles of War of 1812

  15. Oliver Hazard Perry • Leader of Lake Erie Fleet • Defeated the British • Control for U.S. of Great Lakes

  16. Washington D.C. • August 1814 • British fleet entered the city

  17. Washington D.C. • Madison and other leaders fled • British set fire to the White House and the Capitol • Dolly Madison saved important papers

  18. Fort McHenry • British marched on Baltimore • Attacked Fort McHenry • Not successful

  19. Francis Scott Key • He wrote The Star-Spangled Banner while watching this battle

  20. Battle of Lake Champlain • September 1814 • U.S. Victory

  21. Battle of New Orleans • January 1815 • British landed at New Orleans • Victory for U.S. forces under Andrew Jackson

  22. War of 1812

  23. Treaty of Ghent • Dec. 1814 • Ended the War of 1812 • England must honor U.S. boundaries

  24. Convention of 1818 • U.S.-Canadian border from Minnesota to the Rocky Mountains set at 49 degrees north latitude