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Central Counterparty Institution in the currency exchange market : current situation and development prospects. Central Counterparty institution and its role in financial markets.

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Central Counterparty Institution in the currency exchange market : current situationand development prospects
central counterparty institution and its role in financial markets
Central Counterparty institution andits role in financial markets
  • A Central Counterparty (CCP) acts as intermediary between transaction parties, i.e. as a seller for each buyer and a buyer for each seller, which upon that replace their contractual relations with each other with relevant contracts with CCPs.
  • A CCP guarantees fulfillment of obligations to each bona fide participant in respect of his transactions regardless of fulfillment of obligations by other market participants.
  • A CCPensures legal transparency of contract making in the process of trading. Market participants always know who they close transactions with.
  • A CCP saves the participants the trouble of assessing risks and set limits to each other. The participants assess the risks of a Central Counterparty only.
  • Transactions with CCPsenable participants to optimizecash flows between different markets thus increasingtheir efficiency.
  • Usage of netting arrangements allows to reduce operational burden on a participant’s back-office.
  • Introduction of a CCP institution to a market contributes to reducing of trading spreads, that increases market liquidity.

2

functions of central counterparty
Functions of Central Counterparty
  • Risk management (organization and maintenanceof efficient risk management system (RMS))

A CCP guarantees fulfillment of obligations to each bona fide participant in respect of his transactions regardless of fulfillment of obligations by other market participants.

  • Improvement of market efficiency.

A CCP contributes to increasing market liquidity, reduction of market participants’ costs while closing transactions, and also to development of instruments and services, allowing to increase the efficiency of usage of their resources by market participants.

ncc credit organization a central counterparty on the micex foreign exchange market
NCC – credit organization – a Central Counterparty on the MICEXforeign-exchange market
  • Date of incorporation and start of operational activities: NCC was established in October, 2005, since December, 2007 it has been operating as a CCPon the MICEX foreign-exchange market
  • Form of incorporation: closed joint-stock company
  • Core business: rendering of clearing services to financial market participants.
  • Structure of shareholders’ equity:

CJSCMoscow Interbank Currency Exchange - 100 %

  • Charter capital:
    • Charter capital 4 435 mln. rubles (as of 01.11.10 ~104mln. Euro)
    • Amount of internal

funds7 986 mln. rubles (as of 01.11.10 ~187 mln. Euro)

  • Average daily trading volume on the foreign-exchange market in 2010 ~ 9 bn. US Dollars
  • Increase of the share of the MICEX foreign-exchange market, serviced by NCC, in the overall volume of foreign currency transactions on the Russian interbank market - from16,2% (in 2008) to27,6% (inII quarter of 2010)
  • Licenses:
    • for banking business
    • of a professional participant of the securities market for clearing activities
indicators of financial soundness and business efficiency of ncc
Indicators of financial soundness and business efficiency of NCC
  • RatioR1 (Capital adequacy ratio) – average for 2009 = 29,8%, actual value as of 01.01.2010 = 35,42%

regulatory value – not less than 10% (Regulation of CBRF No.110-I)

  • RatioR2 (Quick liquidity ratio) as of 01.01.2010 = 98,47%

regulatory value – not less than 15% (Regulation of CBRF No.110-I)

  • RatioR3 (Current liquidity ratio) as of 01.01.2010 =101,87%

regulatory value – not less than 50% (Regulation of CBRF No.110-I)

  • Return on equity (ROE) = 24,5% (according to annual statements for the year of 2009).

value according to annual statements for the year of 2008= 17,27%.

  • Return on assets (ROA) = 0,49% (according to annual statements for the year of 2009).

value according to annual statements for the year of 2008= 0,19%.

clearing organization scheme involving ncc participation in the micex foreign exchange market
Clearing organization scheme involving NCC participation in the MICEX foreign-exchange market

Orders forwarding

Trading participant

Clearing participant

  • MICEX
  • Trading functions:
  • Registration of orders
  • Orders matching
  • Trades registration
  • Execution and forwarding of extracts from the trades registrar

Information on the trades

(extract from the trades registrar)

Control of

the orders

funding

Trades

accept

Trades

registrar

Advance deposit

  • NCC
  • Clearing functions:
  • Control of STS standards
  • Positions carrying
  • Limits calculation
  • Control of the orders funding
  • Close of trading netting, calculation ofnet obligations and net
  • claims of the participants
  • Calculation and holding of the participants’ escrow funds
  • Execution and forwarding of stock-exchange certificates
  • Controlling of obligations fulfillment on thePVP basis

Report on escrow funds

Notification on calculation of the NCC fee,

Stock-exchange certificate

Funds transfer

NCC Risk Covering Fund

MICEX Funds

Bank of Russia

instruments in the transactions where ncc acts as a ccp
Instruments in the transactions where NCC acts as a CCP
  • USD/RUB
    • USD/RUB_TOD: settlements on a trading day(deposit rate: 5%)
    • USD/RUB_TOM: settlements on a Tday+1(deposit rate : 7,5%)
    • USD/RUB_TOD_TOM: SWAP(deposit rate : 12,5%)
  • EUR/RUB
    • EUR/RUB_TOD: settlements on a trading day(deposit rate : 5%)
    • EUR/RUB_TOM: settlements on a Tday+1(deposit rate : 7,5%)
    • EUR/RUB_TOD_TOM: SWAP(deposit rate : 12,5%)
  • EUR/USD
    • EUR/USD_TOD: settlements on a trading day(deposit rate : 7%)
    • EUR/USD_TOM: settlements on a Tday+1(deposit rate : 10,5%)
    • EUR/USD_TOD_TOM: SWAP(deposit rate : 17,5%)
  • KZT/RUB
    • KZT/RUB_TOM: settlements on a trading day(deposit rate :100%)
  • UAH/RUB
    • UAH/RUB_TOM: settlements on a trading day(deposit rate :100%)
  • BYR/RUB
    • BYR/RUB_TOM: settlements on a trading day (deposit rate:100%)
uts and clearing schedule following uts results
UTS and clearing schedule following UTS results

Traded instruments

TODand SWAP

Traded instrument

TOM

EUR forUSD

14.00

Traded instruments TOD and SWAP

Traded instrument

TOM

USDforRUB

15.00

Traded instruments TOD and SWAP

EUR for RUB

Traded instrument TOM

00.00

10.00

17.00

24.00

12.30

Closing of settlements ofEUR/RUB

Closing of settlements of

USD/RUB

-

NCC (performance)

Obligations

calculation

Obligations

calculation

Calc

Calc

Calc

9.30

Calculations

Calc.

Calc

00.00

10.00

12.30

17.00

18.00

20.00

15.00

Settlement bank

DepositingEUR, USD

orRUB to the collateral

Clearing participants

CP pays inEURandRUB,

instrumentEUR/RUB

CP pays in EURandUSD,

instrumentEUR/USD

CP pays inUSDandRUB,

instrumentUSD/RUB

NCC pays inEUR, USD andRUB

scheme of the accounts used for settlements following clearing results
Scheme of the accounts used for settlements following clearing results

MICEX Settlement

House

Foreign correspondent

banks

1

4

CJSCJSCBNational Clearing Centre

2

BranchNo.5 of the

Moscow MTA of

the Bank of Russia

1. Correspondent account NOSTRO in rubles in the MICEX SH (balance accountNo. 30402).

2. Correspondent account NOSTRO in rublesin BranchNo.5 of the Moscow MTAof the Bank of Russia (balance accountNo.30102).

3. Correspondent accounts LOROof the Clearing participants– RCF participants in rubles for keeping of the RCF assets (balance accountNo. 30109).

4. Correspondent accounts in non-resident banksin foreign currency(balance accountNo.30114).

3

Clearing participants

(RCF participants)

ncc treasury performance using online real time express transfer system ortet
NCC Treasury performance using online real-time express transfer system - ORTET.

Conducting oftreasury operations using ORTETallows to:

- obtain real-time information on state of correspondent account, on the amount of the set limit of intraday credit and overnight credit, and as a consequence,plan cash flows more precisely;

- significantly mitigate liquidity risk and credit risk;

  • increase payments transfer speed;
  • real-time payments transfer facilitates more precise liquidity planning and thus more efficient usage of free cash funds;
  • lengthen a trading day in the course of making transactions with regional counterparties.
simplification of settlements with regions using ortet
Simplification of settlements with regions using ORTET

ORTET provided NCC a possibility to make settlements with regional clearing participants without a settlement session joint with the Bank of Russia.

Currently transfer of funds between regional settlement centers on total liabilitiesof clearing participants is made by NCC through ORTET upon such obligations/claims of the clearing participants are determined at the close of trading.

Settlements with regional clearing participants can also be made by NCC using ORTET (if the clearing participant has an access hereto).

12

benefits of central counterparty in the market according to the data of the bank of finland
Benefits of Central Counterparty in the market(according to the data of the Bank of Finland)
  • Trading benefits:
    • Protection of (in case of a CCP functioning) absolute anonymity of transaction parties upon its conclusion;
    • A CCP’s presence on the market leads to trade spreads narrowing. This allows market participants to offer to their clients narrower spreads on instruments thus increasing the market liquidity.
  • Benefits related to risks mitigation:
    • Minimization of a counterparty credit risk. A CCP accepts risks of participants’ default;
    • A participant needs to assess risks of one, but not all counterparties.
  • Balance benefits :
    • Higher return on a participant’s capital in the market by means of lowering of costs in transactions with CCP;
    • Capital release in using limited deposit model and calculationsT+n allows to more efficiently meet regulatory bodies’ requirements in respect of equity capital adequacy.
the main elements of the risk management system of the ncc as a central counterparty
The main elements of the Risk Management system of the NCC as a Central Counterparty

NCC – is a reliable partner of the financial market participants, having efficient risk management instruments, including:

  • clearing participantsrating system, being the basis for setting clearing participants’ net transaction limits.
  • Risk Covering Fund amounting to ~ 15 mln. US Dollars (as of 01.11.10);
  • settlements with clearing participants on the PVP principle;
  • control of transactions funding;
  • advance deposit arrangements;
  • setting of one-day exchange rate limits (as agreed upon with CB RF);
  • additional session with participation of the Bank of Russia in case of default by a defaulting participant.
ncc is a member of european association of ccp clearing houses each
NCC – is a member of European Association of CCP Clearing Houses (EACH)

EACH was established in 1991 by major European Clearing houses for the purpose of setting professional contacts, related to clearing and risk management problematic.

  • NCC membership in EACHmade possible:
    • For the NCC Risk Management System to be declared consistent with EACH standards and recommendations of the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems of the Bank for International Settlements and International Organization of Securities Commissions;
    • Participation of NCC in development of international standards and rules of CCP functioning, constant self-assessment of the bank and ensuring its consistency with the international standards under development helps to their implementation on the Russian financial market and to establishing of International financial centre in Russia.
prospects of development of ncc activities as a ccp on the russian financial market
Prospects of development of NCC activities as a CCP on the Russian financial market
  • In the mid-term NCC is planning to enter other markets of the MICEX group, such as:
    • Forward market
    • Securities market (including REPO market)
  • In the bank’s long-term prospective there is also a possibility to spread a CCP functionsto over-the counter markets .
improvement of ncc risk management system in accordance with international standards
Improvement of NCC Risk Management system in accordance with international standards.

A self-assessment conducted in terms of compliance with Recommendationsof Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems of the Bank for International Settlements and Technical Committee of International Organization for Securities Commissions for Central Counterparties (CPSS/IOSCORecommendations) demonstrated, that NCC activities as a Central Counterparty on the whole comply with acceptedinternational standards.

NCC implements in practicestress-testing on an ongoing basis for the purpose of assessment of influence on NCC activities of the following risks :

credit risk;

currency risk;

liquidity risk;

interest-rate risk;

price (securities) risk;

Central Counterparty risk, related to possiblelosses in case of default transactions compensation.

Afterwardsstress-testing system of NCC financial stability will includealso operational risk assessment.

NCC will constantly increase its equity capital so that it will meet the market growing demands. By 2011 the aggregate capital is planned to be increased to the level of more than 9 bn. rubles.

17

system of stress testing of ncc financial stability
System of stress-testing of NCC financial stability

Stress-testing system allows to check NCC readiness to crisis, improve relevancy of made strategic and operating decisions in the field of risk management and the quality of equity capital planning

Procedure for periodicalstress-testing and application of its results:

Scenario analyses on the basis of repetition of historical events (crisis) and hypothetical events simulation;

Quantitative risk assessment through critical market volatility analyses or analyses of marginal disadvantages;

Assessment of equity capital adequacy (capital) and tier 1 capital for risks covering;

Recommendations to management bodies of NCC in respect of keeping capital adequacy ratio through limits corrections of free cash distribution system, change in assets structure and parameters of RMS in exchange markets;

Recommendations to management bodies of NCC in respect of planning of capital development, capital structure and profit disposition.

18

central counterparty institution and establishment of international financial centre
Central Counterparty institution and establishment of International financial centre.

Central Counterparty:

– clear and transparentform of mutual relationship on the markets for foreign capital;

– guarantor of stability of the financial market functioning;

– uniform standards and rules of operating cooperation in different market;

– legal transparency of operation in the market;

– increasing of market efficiency, lowering of transactional costs of market players;

– ensuring of conformity with the requirements of international organizations (such as International Organization for Securities Commissions (IOSCO)and Committee on Payment and Settlement System of the Bank for International Settlements (CPSS)).

cjsc jscb national clearing centre

CJSCJSCBNational Clearing Centre

Our address: Russia, 125009, Moscow,

13 Bolshoy KislovskyLane

Telephone: +7 (495) 782 97 94

E-mail: info@nkcbank.ru

http://www.nkcbank.ru

Thanks for your attention!