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Alexanders I & II Nick Weiler. Alexander I : Overview of his Rule . Born in St. Petersburg in 1777 Heir to throne when father Paul I was murdered Foreign Policy: Russia’s military involvement in Napoleonic Wars Domestic Policy: Initially reform-minded, reforms failed. Napoleonic Wars.

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Alexanders I & II Nick Weiler


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alexander i overview of his rule
Alexander I: Overview of his Rule
  • Born in St. Petersburg in 1777
    • Heir to throne when father Paul I was murdered
  • Foreign Policy: Russia’s military involvement in Napoleonic Wars
  • Domestic Policy: Initially reform-minded, reforms failed
napoleonic wars
Napoleonic Wars
  • Russian indecisiveness
  • French Invasion of Russia in 1812
  • French defeat in 1814 by Russia, Austria, and Prussia
  • Warring leads to war-torn Russia, Alexander’s failure to reform after victory
domestic policy
Domestic Policy
  • Initial optimism…
    • Reform judicial system
    • Educational reforms
  • Eventual reform failure:
    • Decline of Russian universities and censorship
    • Military settlements
  • Suppressed liberalism and nationalism to increase hold on government
    • “Police state”
    • Young intellectuals turn to secret revolutionary organizations
      • Indicative of desire of populace for progression and change
alexander ii abolition of serfdom
Alexander II: Abolition of Serfdom
  • Abolished serfdom despite opposition from nobility in 1861
  • Emancipation law was disappointing
  • Serfs were hardly better off
    • No free title to land
    • Had to pay landlords over forty-nine years
    • Peasant farmers…
reform efforts
Reform Efforts
  • Nobles given role in zemstvos, local councils, though they were underfunded and ineffective
  • Judicial system westernized
    • Equality before law
    • Impartial hearings
    • Though still corrupt and ineffective…
critics of reign and revolutionaries
Critics of Reign and Revolutionaries
  • Nobles and serfs unhappy with reforms
    • Generally unpopular
  • Eventually Russia became a “police state” and repression ensued after an attempt was made on Alexander’s life
  • Russia’s intellectuals initially hopeful, discontented with limited reform
  • Alexander II assassinated by The People’s Will
relation to c p
Relation to C+P
  • Destitute citizens of St. Petersburg a result of lack of reform
  • Raskol no longer studying because of negative reforms to education system…
  • Strict censorship/”police state”
  • Revolutionary feelings of time
    • Raskol takes justice into his own hands by killing
assassination of alexander ii
Assassination of Alexander II
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2BeiYZcGejE
work cited
Work Cited
  • "Alexander I of Russia Biography." Biography Base Home. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <http://www.biographybase.com/biography/alexander_i_of_russia.html>.
  •  "Alexander I of Russia." SCCS - Swarthmore College Computer Society. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <http://www.sccs.swarthmore.edu/users/08/ajb/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Alexander_I_of_ Russia.html>.
  •  "Alexander II of Russia Biography." Biography Base Home. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Alexander_II_of_Russia.html>.
  •  "Emperors and Empresses of Russia - Alexander I." Angelfire: Welcome to Angelfire. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <http://www.angelfire.com/pa/ImperialRussian/royalty/russia/tsar15.html>.
  • Kagan, Donald, Steven E. Ozment, and Frank M. Turner. The Western Heritage: since 1300. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.