in your poetry packet answer the following questions n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions:

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 104

In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions:. What is poetry? Name a few places you could find poetry if you were told to bring in 5 examples of it.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions:' - prescott-solomon

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
in your poetry packet answer the following questions
In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions:
  • What is poetry?
  • Name a few places you could find poetry if you were told to bring in 5 examples of it.

Your poetry study will be divided into two parts (two tests). This first section is on figurative language. What is figurative language?

figurative language is a type of language

that varies from literal language, in which

words mean exactly what they say. Also

known as the "ornaments of language,“

Figurative language does not mean exactly

what it says, but instead forces the reader

to make an imaginative leap in order to

comprehend an author's point. It usually

involves a comparison between two things

that may not, at first, seem to relate to one


steps to reading poetry
Steps to Reading Poetry:
  • Read the poem more than once and aloud at least once.
  • Pay attention to the punctuation:
  • , ; stop briefly at commas and semicolons
  • . stop longer after periods
  • -- if you see hyphens, expect a shift in thought
  • None if you see no punctuation at the end of a line, don’t stop
  • Feel the poem’s mood.
  • Create a picture in your mind.
  • What is the poem trying to tell you? Does it make you look at something in a new way?
figurative language
Figurative Language

Term: Simile

  • Definition

A comparison of two distinctly different things linked by words such as like or as.

  • Example

Ryan likes early mornings as much as Ms. Carter likes repeating herself.

in your poetry packet write down 2 similes from the following poem
In your Poetry Packet, write down 2 similes from the following poem:

When I wake up in the morning

I am like a grouchy grizzly bear

Growling and roaring at all those around

After a lengthy shower

I am like a butterfly landing on a fresh petal

I am sweet to everyone

When I arrive at school

I am like a tornado turned loose

I am all over looking for my friends

In Ms. Pearmen’s Algebra class

I am like a calculator without batteries

I am unable to function

At the end of the school day

I am like a loaf of molded bread

I have been sitting around too long.

After a good supper and lots of phone calls

I am like a collector's Corvette

I am in good shape and I am ready to go.


In your Poetry Packet, finish these lines with similes.

When I am tired, I am as _____________________________

When I am sad, I am like ____________________________

When I am annoyed, I am as __________________________

When I am sleepy, I am like ___________________________

Now come up with two of your own:

add this definition to your poetry definitions
Add this definition to your poetry definitions.

Term: Metaphor

  • Definition: A direct comparison of one thing with something completely different using is, are or were. Indicates that one thing is another.
  • Example:
  • My life is a dream.

Langston Hughes


Langston Hughes

was first recognized

as an important

literary figure during

the 1920s, a period known

as the "Harlem

Renaissance“ because of

the number of emerging

black writers.

A Dream DeferredLangston Hughes

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up

like a raisin in the sun?

Or fester like a sore–

And then run?

Does it stink like rotten meat?

Or crust and sugar over–

like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags

like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?

sleeping father david chin
Sleeping FatherDavid Chin

My father sits in his chair and snores.

Inhaling, he rasps like an anchor chain

Rattling off a ship, dropping into the sea.

When he exhales, waves hiss on distant shores.

In his dream, he carries the kite

His uncle made for him and walks the village path

Thinking of his father who sailed for America years ago.

I wonder if it has to be this way with fathers.

As he sleeps with his head tipped back,

His mouth half open, behind shut eyelids

The frailest of objects climbs the sky and a string slides though his fingers.

in your poetry packet determine whether each of the following is a metaphor or a simile
In your Poetry Packet, determine whether each of the following is a metaphor or a simile.
  • No one invites Harold to parties because he’s a wet blanket.
  • As the teacher entered the room she muttered under her breath, “This class is a three-ring circus!”
  • The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack.
  • The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.
  • I feel like a limp dishrag.
  • Those girls are like two peas in a pod.
  • The fluorescent light was the sun during our test.
  • The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves.
  • The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.

10.Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail in a room full of rocking chairs.

shall i compare thee to a summer s day william shakespeare
Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer's Day?William Shakespeare

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date.

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed.

But thy eternal summer shall not fade

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;

Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st.

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

add this definition
Add this definition…

Term: Alliteration


The same sounds at the beginning of words


Paula picked a pickled pepper.

how fast can you read these alliterations
How fast can you read these alliterations?
  • Angela Abigail Applewhite ate anchovies and artichokes.
  • Bertha Bartholomew blew big, blue bubbles.
  • Clever Clifford Cutter clumsily closed the closet clasps.
  • Dwayne Dwiddle drew a drawing of dreaded Dracula.
  • Elmer Elwood eluded eleven elderly elephants.
  • Floyd Flingle flipped flat flapjacks.
  • Greta Gruber grabbed a group of green grapes.
  • Hattie Henderson hated happy healthy hippos.
  • Ida Ivy identified the ivory iris.
  • Julie Jackson juggled the juicy, jiggly jello.
Karl Kessler kept the ketchup in the kitchen.

Lila Ledbetter lugged a lot of little lemons.

Milton Mallard mailed a mangled mango.

Norris Newton never needed new noodles.

Patsy planter plucked plump, purple, plastic plums.

Quinella Quist quite quickly quelled the quarreling quartet.

Randy Rathbone wrapped a rather rare red rabbit.

Shelly Sherman shivered in a sheer, short, shirt.

Trina Tweety tripped two twittering twins under a twiggy


Uri Udall usually used his unique, unusual unicycle.


Vicky Vince viewed a very valuable vase.

Walter Whipple warily warned the weary warrior.

Xerxes Xenon expected to xerox extra x-rays.

Yolana Yvonne Yarger yodeled up yonder yesterday.

Zigmund Zane zig-zagged through the zany zoo zone.


The use of alliterations in poetry may not be as obvious as the tongue twisters. They may be more subtle and add to the sound and rhythm of the poem.


No Thank You

-Shel Silverstein

No I do not want a kitten,

No cute, cuddly kitty-poo,

No more long hair in my cornflakes,

No more midnight meowing mews.

No more scratchin’, snarlin’, spitters,

No more sofas clawed to shreds,

No more smell of kitty litter,

No more mousies in my bed.

No I will not take that kitten –

I’ve had lice and I’ve had fleas,

I’ve been scratched and sprayed and bitten,

I’ve developed allergies.

If you’ve got an ape, I’ll take him,

If you have a lion, that’s fine,

If you brought some walking bacon,

Leave him here, I’ll treat him kind.

I have room for mice and gerbils,

I have beds for boars and bats,

But please, please take away that kitten –

Quick –‘fore it becomes a cat.

Well . . . it is kind of cute at that.


the valiant voyagers jacinta ramayah malaysia
THE VALIANT VOYAGERSJacinta Ramayah, Malaysia

Venturing out in vessels from theVikings to Victorian timesVigilantes with valour and visionand of vengeance and vice.The likes of Vasco da Gama andVespucci and Vadino Vivaldi,From Venice to Venezuela,of viceroys and victory.Through oceans and variables viciousthe vast world their homeNo valuables or valise to vex themthro’ vales and valleys they roam.From villages to veld they visitbeing valorous and versatile,A vagrant of sorts, a vagabondsometimes vicious and vile.


You PromisedBy Sara HolbrooksI gave you private thoughtsto hold.You promised not to tell.You told.I trusted friendshiplike a bank.Now they know;I’ve got you to thank.When secrets have my name on them,don’t pass them outto her or him.My secrets are a loanto bereturned upon request to me.


add this to your definitions
Add this to your definitions:
  • Consonance: the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words.
  • Example:

dawn goes down


some mammals are clammy

The consonance of the hard sounds in Wes Magee's 'The Boneyard Rap' might be said to echo the rattle of bones in the poem.

add this to your definitions1
Add this to your definitions:

Term: Symbol

Definition: Something that has meaning in itself, while at the same time representing or standing for something else.

  • Examples:
i am a rock simon garfunkel
I Am A RockSimon & Garfunkel

As you listen to the song and follow along with the lyrics in your poetry packet, think about the use of symbolism in the music.

In your packet write about a symbol that would best represent you. Explains why it is a good symbol for you.

A laughing cat would be my symbol. I love all animals, but I would have to say that cats are one of my favorites. I like the fact that they are independent yet can be very loving. I also think that they know how to enjoy life (sleeping in the sun, yoga-like stretching). I’ve been through some tough times in my life and, after spending many years being angry, I’ve realized that for me laughter is much more enjoyable!


Autobiography in Five Short ChaptersPortia Nelson

Chapter 1

I walk down the street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I fall in.

I am lost . . . I am helpless

It takes forever to find a way out.

Chapter 2

I walk down the same street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I pretend I don’t see it.

I fall in again.

I can’t believe that I am in this same place.

But it isn’t my fault.

It still takes a long time to get out.

Chapter 3

I walk down the same street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I see it is there.

I still fall in. . . It’s a habit . . . but,

My eyes are open.

I know where I am.

It is my fault.

I get out immediately.

Chapter 4

I walk down the same street.

There is a deep hole in the sidewalk.

I walk around it.

Chapter 5

I walk down another street.

add this to your definitions2
Add this to your definitions:

Term: Imagery

  • Definition:

A sensory experience put into words/ this connects with one of the five senses.

the shark by e j pratt
The SharkBy E. J. Pratt

He seemed to know the harbor,So leisurely he swam;His fin,Like a piece of sheet-iron,Three-cornered,And with knife-edge,Stirred not a bubbleAs it movedWith its base-line on the water.

His body was tubularAnd taperedAnd smoke-blue,And as he passed the wharfHe turned,

And snapped at a flat-fishThat was dead and floating.And I saw the flash of a white throat,

And a double row of white teeth,And eyes of metallic grey,Hard and narrow and slit.

Then out of the harbor,With that three-cornered finShearing without a bubble the waterLithely,Leisurely,He swam--That strange fish,Tubular, tapered, smoke-blue,Part vulture, part wolf,Part neither-- for his blood was cold.

those winter sundays robert hayden
Those Winter Sundays Robert Hayden

Sundays too my father got up early

And put his clothes on in the blueback


then with cracked hands that ached

from labor in the weekday weather

made banked fires blaze. No one ever

thanked him.

I'd wake and hear the cold splintering,


When the rooms were warm, he'd call,

and slowly I would rise and dress,

fearing the chronic angers of that house,

Speaking indifferently to him,

who had driven out the cold

and polished my good shoes as well.

What did I know, what did I know

of love's austere and lonely offices?


Dust of Snow-- Robert Frost

The way a crow Shook down on meThe dust of snowFrom a hemlock treeHas given my heartA change of moodAnd saved some partOf a day I had rued.

add this to your definitions3
Add this to your definitions:

Term: Personification

Definition: Giving human qualities or characteristics to a non-human thing.

Example: There was nothing more that Fluffy the cat enjoyed then having dinner with the family.

the william jay smith
silver-scaled Dragon with jaws

flaming red

Sits at my elbow and toasts my bread

I hand him fat slices, and then, one by one,

He hands them back when he sees

they are done.


The _____________-- William Jay Smith

Steam ShovelCharles Malam

The dinosaurs are not all dead.

I saw one raise its iron head

To watch me walking down the road

Beyond our house today.

Its jaws were dripping with a load

Of earth and grass that it had chopped.

It must have heard me where I stopped,

Snorted white steam my way,

And stretched its long neck out to see,

And chewed, and grinned quite amiably.

add this to your definitions4
Add this to your definitions:

Term: Onomatopoeia

Definition: A word that sounds the same as the noise it represents.

Example: “Crunch, crunch, crunch,” was the sound of the snow under my feet.

ankylosaurus jack prelutsky
AnkylosaurusJack Prelutsky

Clankity Clankity Clankity

Clank! Ankylosaurus was built like a

tank, Its hide was a fortress as sturdy

as steel. It tended to be an inedible

meal. It was armored in front, it was

armored behind. There wasn’t a thing

on its miniscule mind, It waddled

about on its four stubby legs, nibbling

on plants with a mouthful of

pegs. Ankylosaurus was best left

alone, its tail was a cudgel of gristle

and bone. Clankity Clankity Clankity

Clank! Ankylosaurus was built like a



In your packet, write your own poem using either personification or onomatopoeia (or both!).

This is an example of . . .

something to think about
Something to think about…
  • This is a “Reverse Poem”
poetry review i foresee a test in your future
Poetry Review(I foresee a test in your future.)

1. The pan clattered to the floor.

What is “clattered” an example of? Why?

  • Give an example of a symbol and explain what it symbolizes.
  • What is imagery?
  • Write a simile for your day today.
  • Write a metaphor for your smile.
  • Write an alliteration describing your

summer plans.

according to the cards
According to the cards…
  • You will need to be able to write the definition for each of the words we have covered so far.
  • You will need to be able to give an ORIGINAL example of each of the words that we covered.
  • You will need to be able to identify each of the elements we covered in a poem.
add this to your definitions5
Add this to your definitions:

Term: Rhythm

Definition: The music in poetry.

Example: When Kendall read her poem out loud, David felt the rhythm and began to dance.

Rhythm is a musical quality.

The most obvious kind of rhythm is the regular repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables found in some poetry.

Writers also create rhythm by repeating words and phrases or even by repeating whole lines and sentences.

Think of some of the picture books that were read to you. What one do you remember as having a strong rhythm to the writing?


You voluble,


Vehement fellows

That play on your

Flying and Musical cellos,

All goldenly

Girdled you

Serenade clover,

Each artist in Bass,

but a Bibulous rover!

You passionate,

Powdery Pastoral bandits,

Who gave you your Roaming and Rollicking mandates?

Come out of my Foxglove; come

Out of my roses

You bees with the

Plushy and Plausible noses!

-- Norman Rowland Gale

add this to your definitions6
Add this to your definitions.

Definition: Free Verse

DEFINITION: A poem that doesn’t have a regular meter.

Example: The trick is to sound like familiar speech without all the um’s and ah’s.”

good hotdogs by sandra cisneros
Good Hotdogs by Sandra Cisneros

Fifty cents apiece

To eat our lunch

We'd run

Straight from school

Instead of home

Two blocks

Then the store

That smelled like steam

You ordered

Because you had the money

Two hotdogs and two pops for here

Everything on the hotdogs

Except pickle lily

Dash those hotdogs

Into buns and splash on

All that good stuff

Yellow mustard and onions

And french fries piled on top all

Rolled up in a piece of wax

Paper for us to hold hot

In our hands

Quarters on the counter

Sit down

Good hotdogs

We'd eat

Fast till there was nothing left

But salt and poppy seeds even

The little burnt tips

Of french fries

We'd eat

you humming

And me swinging my legs




FriendsMeans sharing, bittersweetA brand name of love. It is a tie for all time,Longer than the shadows we forgetYet shorter and better than life, or for some longer,Stronger. It balances you, with a pole inOne hand and a rope in the other, you choose what to use it for.It is forever.

FriendsRemembers everything anyone ever felt,Holds it in a cubbyhole somewhere for next timeWhen it is spoken or thought, from kindergarten

Elation to maturing despair. No friend is everAlone in action or reaction, leftWithout a silent commiserating presence of Invisible brick, a personal wailing wallFor those who need its strengthAnd stability. FriendsIs a loaded word and pointed. It limbos out fromUnder walls, vaults barricades, threads mazesTo erect cellophane boundaries of its own.It lets you see what could lie beyondBut that you gave upWhen you spoke its name.--by Katherine Foreman.

free verse
Free Verse

Winter Poem

Nikki Giovanni

once a snowflake fell

on my brow and i loved

it so much and i kissed

it and it was happy and called its cousins

and brothers and a web

of snow engulfed me then

i reached to love them all

and i squeezed them and they became

spring rain and i stood perfectly

still and was a flower

free verse poem
Free Verse Poem
  • Write a Free Verse Poem. You may write on your own or with a partner but you each need to have it written in your packet.
  • Possible topics:
  • Walking out of school the last day this school year
  • Your first day in one of your 6th grades classes.
  • A bad hair day.

Add this to your definitions:

  • Term: Allusion

DEFINITION: A reference to a work of literature or person, place or event.

EXAMPLES: A Pearl Harbor sneak-attack.

If you take his parking place, you can expect World War II all over again.


The Builders

--Sara Henderson Hay

I told them a thousand times if I told them once:

Stop fooling around, I said, with straw and sticks;

They won’t hold up; you’re taking an awful chance.

Brick is the stuff to build with, solid bricks.

You want to be impractical, go ahead.

But just remember, I told them: wait and see.

You’re making a big mistake. Awright, I said,

But when the wolf comes, don’t come running to me.

The funny thing is, they didn’t. There they sat,

One in his crummy yellow shack, and one

Under his roof of twigs, and the wolf ate

Them, hair and hide. Well what is done is done.

But I’d been willing to help them, all along,

If only they’d once admitted they were wrong.


add this to your definitions7
Add this to your definitions.

Term: Rhyme

Definition: Repeating of two or more words that sound alike. They can be within a line or at the end of a line.


D.J. offered Ms. Carter a dime

if she would only give him more time.

To finish his book

So his mother would not give him that look.

adventures of isabel by odgen nash
Isabel met a hideous giant,Isabel continued self reliant.The giant was hairy, the giant was horrid,He had one eye in the middle of his forehead.Good morning, Isabel, the giant said,I’ll grind your bones to make my bread.Isabel, Isabel, didn’t worry,Isabel didn’t scream or scurry.She nibbled the zwieback that she always fed off,And when it was gone, she cut the giant’s head off.

Isabel met a troublesome doctor,He punched and he poked till he really shocked her.The doctor’s talk was of coughs and chillsAnd the doctor’s satchel bulged with pills.The doctor said unto Isabel,Swallow this, it will

Isabel, Isabel, didn't worry,Isabel didn't scream or scurry.She took those pills from the pill concocter,And Isabel calmly cured the doctor.

Adventures of Isabelby Odgen Nash

Isabel met an enormous bear,Isabel, Isabel, didn't care;The bear was hungry, the bear was ravenous,The bear's big mouth was cruel and cavernous.The bear said, Isabel, glad to meet you,How do, Isabel, now I'll eat you!Isabel, Isabel, didn't worry.Isabel didn't scream or scurry.She washed her hands and she straightened her hair up,Then Isabel quietly ate the bear up.

Once in a night as black as pitchIsabel met a wicked old witch.the witch's face was cross and wrinkled,The witch's gums with teeth were sprinkled.Ho, ho, Isabel! the old witch crowed,I'll turn you into an ugly toad!Isabel, Isabel, didn't worry,Isabel didn't scream or scurry,She showed no rage and she showed no rancor,But she turned the witch into milk and drank her.

messy room shel silverstein
Messy RoomShel Silverstein

Whosever room this is should be ashamed!

His underwear is hanging on the lamp.

His raincoat is there in the overstuffed chair,

And the chair is becoming quite mucky and damp.

His workbook is wedged in the window,

His sweater's been thrown on the floor.

His scarf and one ski are beneath the TV,

And his pants have been carelessly hung on the door.

His books are all jammed in the closet,

His vest has been left in the hall.

A lizard named Ed is asleep in his bed.

And his smelly old sock has been stuck to the wall.

Whosever room this is should be ashamed!

Donald or Robert or Willie or—

Huh? You say it's mine? Oh, dear,

I knew it looked familiar!

be glad your nose is on your face jack prelutsky
Be Glad Your Nose is on Your FaceJack Prelutsky

Be glad your nose is on your face,

not pasted on some other place,

for if it were where it is not,

you might dislike your nose a lot.

Imagine if your precious nose

were sandwiched in between your toes,

that clearly would not be a treat,

for you'd be forced to smell your feet.

Your nose would be a source of dread

were it attached atop your head,

it soon would drive you to despair,

forever tickled by your hair.

Within your ear, your nose would be

an absolute catastrophe,

for when you were obliged to sneeze,

your brain would rattle from the


Your nose, instead, through thick and


remains between your eyes and chin,

not pasted on some other place—

be glad your nose is on your face!


Add this to your definitions:

  • Term: Rhyme Scheme
  • DEFINITION: The pattern of end rhyme in a poem. First sound is represented as a, the second sound is designated by b, and so on.

Little Bug

In these days of indigestion a

It is often times a question a

As to what to eat and what to leave alone b

For each microbe and bacillus c

Has a different way to kill us c

And in time they always claim us for their own. B

Rhyme Scheme: baabccb

A Happy Time

There was a young fellow named Hall,

Who fell in the spring in the fall;

‘Twould have been a sad thing

If he’d died in the spring,

But he didn’t—he died in the fall.

What is the rhyme scheme for this poem?


Add this to your definitions:

Term: Near Rhyme

  • DEFINITION: Rhyme that is close in sound, but not exactly alike


As he walked around the place

His head was in a daze


Add this to your definitions:

  • Term: End Rhyme

DEFINITION: Rhyme that occurs at the end of a line.

Plum and GrapeSome people search the aisle for plum,Some shop for grape.The expeditions I have doneHave largely rallied round the plum;But if the stocker boy was late,To leave me fruitless with my cart,And not a plum to grace my plate,I've got some smarts,I'd gulp a grape.


Add this to your definitions:

Term: Internal Rhyme

DEFINITION: Rhyme that occurs within a line.


Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary.

--Edgar Allen Poe

“The Raven”


Write a poem of your choice in your packet. You may want to try out a limerick or other type of rhyming poem


A humorous poem of five

lines. Look at the rhyming pattern.The syllabification is 8, 8, 5, 5, 8.

  • .

An Old Man from Peru

There was an old man from Peru

Who dreamed he was eating a shoe,

He woke up in a fright

In the middle of the night

And found it perfectly true!


Add this to your definitions.

Term: Stanza

DEFINITION: A group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit.

  • Stanzas based on form are marked by their rhyme scheme.
  • Stanzas are known by the number of lines they contain.

Couplet = 2 line stanza

Triplet = 3 line stanza

Quatrain = 4 line

Quintet – 5

Sestet = 6

Septet = 7

Octave = 8

Paragraph : Essay :: Stanza : ________


Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) We Wear the Mask

WE wear the mask that grins and lies,     It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,—     This debt we pay to human guile;     With torn and bleeding hearts we smile,     And mouth with myriad subtleties.

Why should the world be over-wise,     In counting all our tears and sighs?     Nay, let them only see us, while            We wear the mask.

We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries     To thee from tortured souls arise.     We sing, but oh the clay is vile     Beneath our feet, and long the mile;     But let the world dream otherwise,             We wear the mask!


A couplet of friends 

Add this to your definitions.

  • Couplet

DEFINITION: Two consecutive, rhymed lines of poetry: rhyme pattern aa.

write a poem on the topic of your choice any style
Write a poem on the topic of your choice. Any style!

Want to try a haiku?

  • Haiku form:

5 syllables

7 syllables

5 syllables

A Rainbow

Donna Brock

Curving up, then down.

Meeting blue sky and green earth

Melding sun and rain.

review try it first without your notes
Review - Try it first without your notes!

1. What does it mean to have rhythm in poetry?

2. What is a free verse poem?

3. What is an allusion?

4. What is the rhyme scheme of the following poem?

There was an Old Man with a beard,Who said, 'It is just as I feared!Two Owls and a Hen,Four Larks and a Wren,Have all built their nests in my beard!'

5. What is a near rhyme?

6. Write two couplets that have end rhyme.

  • What is internal rhyme?
  • What is similar to a paragraph, but used in poetry?

Be ready to write any of the different types of poems that we have written since the last test and/or identify any of the elements we have covered since the last test within a poem.

cynthia in the snow gwendolyn brooks
Cynthia in the SnowGwendolyn Brooks

It SHUSHESIt hushesThe loudness in the road.It flitter-twitters,And laughs away from me.It laughs a lovely whiteness,And whitely whirs away,To beSome otherwhere,Still white as milk or shirts,So beautiful it hurts.

answer the following questions about cynthia in the snow
Answer the following questions about Cynthia in the Snow.
  • What does the author do to make you think of snow?

2. Give an example of onomatopoeia in this poem.

3. Give an example of personification.

4. Give an example of a simile.

5. Give an example of a metaphor

emily dickinson 1763
Emily Dickinson1763

Fame is a bee. It has a song—

It has a sting—  Ah, too, it has a wing.

  • In your Poetry Packet (near the back), answer the following questions:
      • 1. What do you think is the meaning of this poem?
      • 2. Do you agree with it? Why or why not?
      • 3. Write the line that is the metaphor for this poem.

Using context clues, what do you think amiably means?

  • Why might a steam shovel remind the author of a dinosaur.

3. How do you think the author feels about dinosaurs? What makes you think that?

long trip
Long Trip

The sea is a wilderness of waves.

A desert of water,

We dip and dive,

Rise and roll,

Hide and are hidden

On the sea.

Day, night,

Night, day,

The sea is a desert of waves.

A wilderness of water

--Langston Hughes

poetic forms



The Rose – Donna Brock

The red blossom bends

and drips its dew to the ground.

Like a tear it falls 


Fill in the seven syllable line.

5 syllables Green elms in the woods

7 syllables _______________________________

5 syllables Standing tall and proud

Fill in the two five syllable lines.

5 syllables ___________________________

7 syllables The petals bend to the earth

5 syllables ___________________________


Now write at least two of your own:

  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
concrete poem
Concrete Poem
  • A concrete poem takes on the shape of what it describes.
diamante poem
Diamante Poem

A diamante is a seven line poem, shaped like a diamond.

squaresymmetrical, conventionalshaping, measuring, balancingboxes, rooms,clocks, halosencircling, circumnavigating, enclosinground, continuouscircle

Line 1: one word (subject/noun that is contrasting to line 7

Line 2: two words (adjectives) that describe line 1

Line 3: three words (action verbs) that relate to line 1

Line 4: four words (nouns) first 2 words relate to line 1last 2 words relate to line 7

Line 5: three words (action verbs) that relate to line 7

Line 6: two words (adjectives) that describe line 7

Line 7: one work ( subject/noun that is contrasting to line 1)



Messy, spicy

Slurping, sliding, falling

Between my plate and mouth


(by Cindy Barden)

Line1: A noun

Line2: Two adjectives

Line 3: Three -ing words

Line 4: A phrase

Line 5: Another word for the noun

the wall pig
The Wall Pig

There was a pig by a wall

Who was frightened when guests came to call

At the sound of their chatter

His shape became flatter

hippo ballet
Hippo Ballet

A hippo decided on day

That she would take up ballet

So she stood on her toes

And said, “Okay here goes!”

And fell back with a splash in the bay.


A lady who was smelling a rose

Found a parakeet perched on her nose.

The rose made her sneeze

Which buckled her knees

Now the parakeet sits on her toes.

bio poem
Bio Poem

Allison Nicole

Creative, intelligent, fun, responsible, self-disciplined, and enthusiastic

Sister of Meghan Darby, Melinda, Chris and Harrison

Loves to create art, make up plays and commercials, ride Daddy's Harley, and run track

Who needs the telephone, her hair brush, macaroni and cheese, her friends and family

Who gives her MeMaw much joy, her father and mother much pride; brother and sister love

Who feels joy with her friends, creating art work, running, watching movies and eating

Who fears going from one room to another, not doing well on tests, zits and coming in last

Who would like to own a Harley, win the 880, see her room neat and tidy, win the lottery

Who shares her secrets, her worries, and her love with MeMaw

Who is an honor roll student, a typical 13-year old, a friend to Amber, Melissa and Christy

Who is a resident of Jacksonville, Florida


bio poem1
Bio Poem

Line 1: Your first name

Line 2: 4 traits that describe you

Line 3: brother/sister/son/daughter

Line 4: Lover of (3 people or ideas)

Line 5: Who feels (3 items)

Line 6: Who needs (3 items)

Line 7: Who gives (3 items)

Line 8: Who fears (3 items)

Line 9: Who would like to see (3 items)

Line 10: Resident of your city/ road

Line 11: Your last name



Add this to your definitions.

  • Epic
  • DEFINITION: A long narrative poem that tells of the deeds of a heroic character.

Add this to your definitions.

  • Lyric

DEFINITION: A poem that expresses the personal feelings or thoughts of a speaker.

Choose a song that has lyrics that have particular meaning to you. Explain the meaning of the song in your own words. Explain how the song connects to you on a personal level.


The Secret Heart

--Robert Tristram Coffin

Across the years he could recall

His father one way best of all.

In the stillest hour of night

The boy awakened to a light.

Half in dreams, he saw his sire

With his great hands full of fire.

The man had struck a match to see

If his son slept peacefully.

He held his palms each side the spark

His love had kindled in the dark.

His two hands were curved apart

In the semblance of a heart.

He wore it seemed to his small son,

A bare heart on his hidden one,

A heart that gave out such a glow

No son awake could bear to know.

It showed a look upon a face

Too tender for the day to trace.

One instant, it lit all about,

And then the secret hear went out.

But it shone long enough for one

To know that hands held up the son.


Add this to your definitions.

  • Ballad

DEFINITION: A song or poem that tells a story.



  • The first ballads appeared in the 15th century telling a story. They were often in the form of popular songs and have simple rhyme schemes and regular rhythm. They are iambic and some have a chorus or refrain. Popular rhyme schemes are a b c b; and a b c b d b. Some famous ballads are The Man From Snowy River by A.B. (Banjo) Patterson); The Walrus and the Carpenter by Lewis Caroll; and The Rime of The Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. In Australia the 'Bush' ballad is still popular. No matter what the country, the folk ballad is quite often the earliest form of literature and was orally passed down through generations.

Add this to your definitions.

  • Elegy

DEFINITION: Poetic form lamenting the death of a person or decline of a situation.


MirrorSylvia Plath

I am silver and exact. I have no preconceptions.

Whatever I see, I swallow immediately.

Just as it is, unmisted by love or dislike

I am not cruel, only truthful –

The eye of a little god, four-cornered.

Most of the time I mediate on the opposite wall.

It is pin, with speckles. I have looked at is so long

I think it is a part of my hear. But it flickers.

Faces and darkness separate us over and over.

Now I am a lake. A woman bends over me.

Searching my reaches for what she really is.

Then she turns to those liars, the candles or the moon.

I see her back, and reflect it faithfully

She rewards me with tears and agitation of hands.

I am important to her. She comes and goes.

Each morning it is her face that replaces the darkness.

In me she has drowned a young girl, and in me an old woman

Rises toward her day after day, like a terrible fish.

mother to son by langston hughes
Mother to Son by Langston Hughes

Well, son, I'll tell you:

Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.It's had tacks in i,And splinters,And boards torn up,And places wth no carpet on the floor—Bare.But all the time I'se been a-climbin' on,And reachin' landin's,And turnin' corners,And sometimes goin' in the darkWhere there ain't been no light.So, boy, don't you turn back.Don't you set down on the steps.'Cause you finds it's kinder hard.Don't you fall now—For I'se still goin', honey,I'se still climbin',And life for me ain't been no crystal stair.

some shakespeare
Some Shakespeare…

Cowards die many times before their deaths;

The valiant never taste of death but once.

Of all the wonders that I yet have heard.

It seems to me most strange that men should fear;

Seeing that death, a necessary end,

Will come when it will come.



The Road Not Taken-Robert Frost

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,And sorry I could not travel bothAnd be one traveler, long I stoodAnd looked down one as far as I couldTo where it bent in the undergrowth.Then took the other, as just as fair,And having perhaps the better claim,Because it was grassy and wanted wear;Though as for that the passing thereHad worn them really about the same.And both that morning equally layIn leaves no step had trodden black.Oh, I kept the first for another day!Yet knowing how way leads on to way,I doubted if I should ever come back.I shall be telling this with a sighSomewhere ages and ages hence:Two roads diverged in a wood, and I--I took the one less traveled by,And that has made all the difference.


Identity---Julio Noboa Polanco

Let them be as flowers, always watered, fed, guarded, admired, but harnessed to a pot of dirt. I'd rather be a tall, ugly weed, clinging on cliffs, like an eagle wind-wavering above high, jagged rocks. To have broken through the surface of stone, to live, to feel exposed to the madness of the vast, eternal sky. To be swayed by the breezes of an ancient sea, carrying my soul, my seed, beyond the mountains of time or into the abyss of the bizarre I'd rather be unseen, and if then shunned by everyone, than to be a pleasant-smelling flower, growing in clusters in the fertile valleys, where they're praised, handled, and plucked by greedy, human hands. I'd rather smell of musty, green stench than of sweet, fragrant lilac. If I could stand alone, strong and free, I'd rather be a tall, ugly weed.


All the world's a stage,

And all the men and women merely players,

They have their exits and entrances,

And one man in his time plays many parts,

His acts being seven ages. At first the infant,

Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms.

Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel

And shining morning face, creeping like snail

Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,

Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful ballad

Made to mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier.

Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,

Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

Seeking the bubble reputation

Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice,

In fair round belly with good capon lined,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

Full of wise saws and modern instances;

And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts

Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,

With spectacles on nose and pouch on side,

His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide,

For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,

Turning again towards the childish treble, pipes

And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,

That ends this strange eventful history,

Is second childishness and mere oblivion,

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

The Seven Ages of Man-William Shakespeare


We Real CoolGwendolyn Brooks

We real cool. We 

Left school. We

Lurk late. We 

Strike straight. We

Sing sin. We 

Thin gin. We

Jazz June. We 

Die soon.

as you read today make a list of words and phrases that are important to the story your are reading
As you read today, make a list of words and phrases that are important to the story your are reading.
  • From Beastly:

my sanctuary

bathed in moonlight

I’d lost everything there was to loose

I wanted him to fear

you can have her


sometimes, unexpected things can happen

it’s my only chance

found poem
Found Poem

Sanctuary Lost, Hope Found

my only sanctuary


an intruder

bathed in moonlight

I’d lost everything

there was to loose

I wanted him to fear

I drew near

you can have her he offered


sometimes, unexpected things can happen

my only chance

Taken From Beastly by Alex Flinn

Look back over your list and cut out everything that is dull, or unnecessary --think about the tone that you want to convey

Make any minor changes necessary to create your poem. You can change punctuation and make little changes to the words to make them fit together (such as change the tenses, possessives, plurals, and capitalizations).

If you absolutely need to add a word or two to make the poem flow more smoothly.

Arrange the words so that they make a rhythm you like. You can space words out so that they are all alone or all run together.

You can also put key words on lines by themselves.

Emphasize words by playing with boldface and italics, different sizes of letters, and so forth.

Choose a title – not “Found Poem”!

Write a final copy of your poem and keep it for later use.

At the bottom of the poem, tell where the words in the poem came from.

  • Is a comically sadistic and grisly little poem of four lines. Coined by Robert Louis Stevenson, the word comes from gruesome.
  • Rhyme scheme is aabb. 
  • Henry Graham wrote a collection of grues called Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes under the pseudonym Col. D. Streamer.

Father heard his children scream,

So he threw them in the stream

Saying as he drowned the third,

"Children should be seen, not heard!"          


Billy, in one of his nice new sashes,

Fell in the fire and was burned to ashes.

Now, although the room grows chilly,

I haven't the heart to poke poor Billy.