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Los Verbos Reflexivos en español

Los Verbos Reflexivos en español

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Los Verbos Reflexivos en español

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  1. Los VerbosReflexivosen español Sra. McAvene

  2. What are reflexive verbs? • You have encountered some verbs that end in –se. • These are called reflexive verbs. • Examples: • Despertarse (to wake up) • Acostarse (to go to bed) • Ducharse (to take a shower) • Lavarse (to wash oneself

  3. Why are they called “reflexive”? • Reflexive verbs indicate that the subject is involved in the action. • For example: I take a shower or I shower myself. • I am doing the action to myself.

  4. This term, which sounds more difficult than it really is, simply means that the verb flexes back upon the noun or pronoun that is its subject. In English the reflexive pronoun always has -self on its end, and we do not use the construction very frequently. In other languages, however, reflexive forms may be used more frequently, and in ways that do not seem very logical to an English speaker. Examples of English reflexive sentences: "He washes himself. “ "He seated himself at the table."

  5. Reflexive Sentence Structure • subject + • reflexive pronoun + • verb + • rest of the sentence • subject + reflexive pronoun + verb + rest of the sentence

  6. Subject & Reflexive Pronouns • Yo me Nosotrosnos • TuteVosotrosos • Ud. Se Uds. se • El se Ellos se • Ella se Ellas se

  7. The verbs don’t change • The verb is conjugated as it normally would be in the present tense. Just drop the –se and you will be left with the infinitive.

  8. Reflexive or not reflexive?? • The same verb can be reflexive or not reflexive. When do you use one versus the other?

  9. In the reflexive construction, the subject is also the object

  10. A person does as well as receives the action…

  11. The subject, the pronoun and the verb are all in the same form…

  12. How do you form these verbs? • . Conjugate the verb as always… • Levantolevantamos • Levantaslevantais • Levantalevantan

  13. Add the reflexive pronouns • Me nos • Te os • Se se

  14. Lavarse -to wash • Me lavonoslavamos • Te lavas oslavais • Se lava se lavan • **It is not necessary to use the subject pronoun.

  15. Position of the reflexives • In front of a conjugated verb: • Me acuesto a lasdiez de la noche. • Me quieroacostar a lasdiez de la noche. • Me estoyacostandoahoramismo. • Attached to an “ing” form: • Estoyacostándomeahoramismo. • Luisa estácepillándose los dientes. • Attached to an infinitive: • Voy a acostarmeahoramismo. • Luisa va a cepillarseosdientes.

  16. Reflexive not reflexive • Acostarse • Bañarse • Cepillarse • Despertarse • Lavarse • Levantarse • Maquillarse • Peinarse • Quemarse • Sentarse • Acostar • Bañar • Cepillar • Despertar • Lavar • Levantar • Maquillar • Peinar • Quemar • Sentar

  17. Reflexive verbs are used mainly with verbs that pertain to ones daily routine. Other times they may give the verb a totally different Meaning.

  18. Dormir – to sleep Dormirse – to fall asleep Caer – to fall Caerse – to fall down

  19. *Some describe a change of state and carry the additional meaning of “to get” or “to become” Some Common Reflexives: Enojarseaburrirse Ponersecansarse Examples: Me aburro mucho. I became very bored. Te cansas. You became tired. Se pusoenojado. He became angry. Nosenojamos. We became angry.

  20. When action is done to oneself – use reflexive--- El chico se cepilla los dientes.

  21. When action is done to someone else Do not use the reflexive--- El dentistacepilla los dientes.

  22. Ejemplos: Por la mañana Pepe se despierta a las seis.

  23. Ejemplos: Pero no se levanta hasta diez minutos después.

  24. Ejemplos: Después de bañarse, él va a la cocina y se desayuna.

  25. Ejemplos: Toma café y va al baño. Se cepilla los dientes.

  26. The verb acostarse is reflexive • True • False

  27. The verb desayunar is reflexive • True • False

  28. The reflexive pronoun always follows the verb. • True • False

  29. The subject pronoun must be in the sentence. • True • False

  30. Reflexive verbs are conjugated the same way as regular verbs. • True • False

  31. MAS EJEMPLOS: • levantarse (to get up) • Yo me levanto a lassiete.I get up at seven. (Literally: I get myself up at seven) • Tútelevantas a lassiete.You get up at seven. (Literally: You get yourself up at seven)

  32. MAS EJEMPLOS: • (despertarse) - Los días de trabajo, Lorena se despierta a lascinco. • (levantarse) - Ella se levanta a lassiete y cuarto. • (ducharse) - Primero, ellava al bañodonde se duchapordiezminutos. • (bañarse) - Cuandoellatienemástiempo, se baña. • (secarse)(peinarse) - Después, se secabientodo el cuerpo y se peina.

  33. MAS EJEMPLOS: • (vestirse)(pintarse)(ponerse) - Entonces, Lorena se viste, se pinta la cara y se pone un poco de perfume. • (lavarse) - Luegoella se lava los dientes y sale de casa.

  34. ____ DESPERTAMOS A LAS SIETE. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  35. Yo _____ lavo la cara. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  36. Los amigos ____ sientan a la mesa. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  37. Ella ____ acuesta a lasdiez. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  38. Cuandoestasenfermo, no ____ diviertas. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  39. Nuestraamiga ___ llama carmen. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  40. Los chicos ___ lavan en el cuarto de bano. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  41. A quehora ___ levantaud.? • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  42. Nosotros ___ acostamostemprano. • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  43. Como ___ llamas tu? • ME • TE • SE • NOS • OS

  44. Common reflexive verbs: • Cepillarse • To brush (hair or teeth)

  45. Common reflexive verbs: • Dormirse • To fall asleep

  46. Common reflexive verbs: • Acostarse • To go to bed • Banarse • To take a bath

  47. Common reflexive verbs: • Peinarse • To comb one’s hair • Afeitarse • To shave

  48. Common reflexive verbs: • Ducharse • To shower • Lavarse • To wash oneself

  49. Common reflexive verbs: • Cortarse • To cut oneself • Desayunarse • To eat breakfast

  50. Common reflexive verbs: • Levantarse • To get up • Despertarse • To wake up