HAZARD COMMUNICATION. This lecture covers basic knowledge of the control and management of hazardous material. It will discuss labeling and marking as well as the importance of MSDS’s and a short review of their content.
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This lecture covers basic knowledge of the control and management of hazardous material. It will discuss labeling and marking as well as the importance of MSDS’s and a short review of their content.
Our use of hazardous material is limited to copier/printer toner, cleaning supplies, and various liquid material, some of which, if used improperly, could injure personnel, the environment or damage equipment.
While some departments have a higher exposure to hazmat, overall the command has a very limited amount on hand. However, all personnel must be informed of the basics of hazard communication and general procedures.
Hazard Communication Standard
The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) became effective in 1986. This standard basically says that all employees have both aneedand arightto knowthe hazards and the identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working. They also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse health effects.
All chemicals must have labels which identify their name and associated hazards.
Employees must receive training covering material handling, use, interpretation of MSDSs, labeling and information concerning the Hazard Communication Standard.
An AUL is simply a listing of all hazardous material authorized for use at a command.
The command can only have on hand the material that is listed on the AUL. The Commanding Officer authorizes additions to the list via the Safety Officer and Hazmat Coordinator.
MSDS provides more information than chemical package labels.
Every chemical must have an MSDS.
Everyone has the right to review an MSDS.
Your Safety Office
The important issue is to obtain them and review their contents BEFORE using the chemical.
Physical & Chemical Characteristics.
Fire and Explosion Data.
Personal Protective Equipment needed for use with the material.
Spill or leak protection information.
Proper handling and storage directions.
Special Information/First Aid procedures.
How Chemicals Can....
There are three primary routes of entry where hazardous materials enter the body.
Through the Lungs
Through the Skin
Chemicals can have an immediate, short term or acute effects that end shortly after exposure ceases.
Asphyxiants:Are inhaled. They displace oxygen, which is necessary to maintain life.
Irritants:Causes inflammation by direct contact. Injury to the nose, throat, and lungs or attacks the skin and destroys tissue.
Allergic sensitizers:Some individuals become sensitized. Repeated exposures cause an immune reaction.
Systemic poisons:Toxins attack the body.
Carcinogens, etc:Cause irreversible alterations (cancer) or genetic mutations.
All work centers that store chemicals will have an up to date inventory posted on the locker/unit. MSDS’s will be maintained for all chemicals in a location readily accessible toEVERYONE.
Should you be working with the chemical and inadvertently spray it in your eyes, you may not be able to read the emergency procedures, a coworker may be responsible for saving your sight.
And if you are following the guidelines established by OSHA you should have any MSDS belonging to the chemical you are using out and available for just this reason.
The proper labeling and marking of material is the responsibility of the manufacturer, importer or distributor.
WHAT TO DO:
INSERT YOUR DATA HERE
THINK THROUGH EVERY PROCEDURE:
2. FIRST AID
3. EMERGENCY RESPONSES
FOR EACH SITUATION
BEFORE HANDLING OR MOVING HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
Proper preparation avoids deadly surprises