The Problems of Knowledge. Problems of Knowledge. “ The familiar is not understood simply because it is familiar.” Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831). Mercator Projection. Weaknesses of the Mercator Projection. Distorts the relative size of the land masses
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“The familiar is not understood simply because it is familiar.”
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)
Discuss the following statement
“ When you know something you are certain that it is true and have no doubts about it; but when you merely believe it, you may think it is true, but you are not certain.”
What are the strengths and
weaknesses of relativism?
In trying to determine whether or not a knowledge claim is reasonable, two preliminary criteria may serve as useful guides:
“Information is acquired by being told, whereas knowledge can be acquired by thinking.” Fritz Machlup(1902 -83)
The “study of knowledge”
Much of the debate in this field has focused on analysing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to connected notions such as truth, belief, and justification.
Plato: Greek Philosopher and Mathematician (428/427 BC– -348/347BC)
(a) A vague belief
(b) A well-supported belief
(c) A belief that is beyond reasonable doubt
Despite the advantages of accepting
knowledge ‘second hand’ from other people
we must be careful that we do not fall into
authority worship and blindly accept what we
are being told without thinking about it.
Second hand knowledge is also known as
knowledge by authority or knowledge by
The main sources are:
What are the strengths and weaknesses of
each of these sources?
“Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a
subject ourselves, or we know where
we can find information upon it.”
Samuel Johnson (1708-84)
van de Lagemaat, R., Theory of Knowledge
for the IB Diploma, Cambridge, Cambridge
University Press, 2005.