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Chapter 8 – Text Files. 8.1 Managing Text Files 8.2 StreamReaders , StreamWriters , and Structured Exception Handling 8.3 XML. 8.1 Managing Text Files. CSV Files & LINQ Review WriteAllLines Method Sorting a Text File Set Operations Seaching a CSV Text File The OpenFileDialog Control.

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Chapter 8 text files
Chapter 8 – Text Files

8.1 Managing Text Files

8.2 StreamReaders, StreamWriters, and Structured Exception Handling

8.3 XML

8 1 managing text files
8.1 Managing Text Files

  • CSV Files & LINQ Review

  • WriteAllLines Method

  • Sorting a Text File

  • Set Operations

  • Seaching a CSV Text File

  • The OpenFileDialog Control

Csv file format
CSV File Format

  • Comma Separated Values

  • Records are stored on one line with a comma between each field

  • Example: USStates.txt



    New Jersey,NJ,7417,8135000


    (name of state,abbreviation,area,population)

Linq query for usstates txt
LINQ Query for USStates.txt

Dim states() As String =


Dim query = From line In states

Let data = line.Split(","c)

Let name = data(0)

Let abbr = data(1)

Let area = CInt(data(2))

Let pop = CInt(data(3))

Select name, abbr, area, pop

Data in table
Data in Table

  • The data appearing in the DataGridView control can be modified by using Where and Order By clauses in the LINQ query. Or by changing the selection of items in the Select clause.

Note: The Select clause must contain two or more items in order to use a DataGridView control.

Modified data
Modified Data

Where name.StartsWith("New")Order By area DescendingSelect name, abbr, area, pop

Sorting a text file
Sorting a Text File

  • Read data from file into a string array().

  • Use a LINQ query to split and sort the data.

  • Write sorted data to a new file with the WriteAllLines method.



File to sort ageatinaug txt
File to Sort: AgeAtInaug.txt

George Washington,57

John Adams,61

Thomas Jefferson,57

James Madison,57



Barack Obama,47

Sort ageatinaug txt by age
Sort AgeAtInaug.txt by Age

Dim agesAtInaug() As String =


Dim query = From line In agesAtInaug

Let age = CInt(line.Split(","c)(1))

Order By age

Select line

IO.File.WriteAllLines("Sorted.txt", query)

After the query sorts the file’s original values, this statement writes them to a second file.

File sorted txt
File Sorted.txt

Theodore Roosevelt,42

John Kennedy,43

Ulysses Grant,46

Bill Clinton,46



Ronald Reagan,69

Ways to combine two files
Ways to Combine Two Files

  • Merge (with or without duplications)

  • Create a file consisting of the items appearing in both files

  • Delete items appearing in one file from the other file

    The tasks above are carried out with the Set operations on arrays.

Set operations on arrays
Set Operations on Arrays

  • Concat – merges with duplications

  • Union – merges without duplications

  • Intersect – finds common items

  • Except – deletes items in one array from the other array

Concat operation
Concat Operation

array1.Concat(array2).ToArray consists of the merge of the two arrays

Dim array1() = {"Alpha", "Bravo", "Charlie"}

Dim array2() = {"Bravo", "Delta"}

Dim array3() = array1.Concat(array2).ToArray

Size of array3: 5

Elements of array3: "Alpha", "Bravo", "Charlie", "Bravo", "Delta"

Union operation
Union Operation

array1.Union(array2).ToArray consists of the merge of the two arrays without duplications

Dim array1() = {"Alpha", "Bravo", "Charlie"}

Dim array2() = {"Bravo", "Delta"}

Dim array3() = array1.Union(array2).ToArray

Size of array3: 4

Elements of array3: "Alpha", "Bravo",

"Charlie", "Delta"

Intersect operation
Intersect Operation

array1.Intersect(array2).ToArray consists of the items common to both arrays

Dim array1() = {"Alpha", "Bravo", "Charlie"}

Dim array2() = {"Bravo", "Delta"}

Dim array3() = array1.Intersect(array2).ToArray

Size of array3: 1

Elements of array3: "Bravo"

Except operation
Except Operation

array1.Except(array2).ToArray consists of the items in array1 that are not in array2

Dim array1() = {"Alpha", "Bravo", "Charlie"}

Dim array2() = {"Bravo", "Delta"}

Dim array3() = array1.Except(array2).ToArray

Size of array3: 2

Elements of array3: "Alpha", "Charlie"

Steps to combine two files
Steps to Combine Two Files

  • Read each file into an array.

  • Apply a Set operation to the two arrays to create a third array.

  • Apply WriteAllLines to the third array to create a new text file.

    Note:LINQ queries can be used in Step 2 for greater flexibility.

Searching a csv text file
Searching a CSV Text File

  • Read the contents of the file into an array.

  • Use a LINQ query with a Where clause to search for the sought-after record.

  • If query.count = 0, the record was not found. Otherwise, the sequence returned by the query will contain the record.

Searching for a state
Searching for a State

Dim states() As String = IO.File.ReadAllLines("USStates.txt")

Dim query = From line In states

Let name = line.Split(","c)(0)

Let abbreviation = line.Split(","c)(1)

Where abbreviation = mtbAbbr.Text.ToUpper

Select name

If query.Count = 1 Then

txtName.Text = query.First


Dim str As String = " is not a valid state abbreviation."

MessageBox.Show(mtbAbbr.Text.ToUpper & str, "Error")



End If

The openfiledialog control
The OpenFileDialog Control

  • Implements the standard File Open dialog box

  • Found in the Dialogs group of the Toolbox

  • The icon and default name will appear in a component tray below the Document window.

The filter property
The Filter Property

Determines what appears in the boxabove the Open button, and what types of files will be displayed. The setting has the general form

text for box|*.ext

Example: Text Files (*.txt)|*.txt

Using the openfiledialog control
Using the OpenFileDialog Control

  • To display the control:


  • After the Open button has been pressed, the file name selected and its complete filespec will be contained in the property:


Task open a text file
Task: Open a Text File

  • Select a text file from a dialog box and display its contents.

  • Note: The Filter property of OpenFileDialog1 is set to

    Text Files (*.txt)|*.txt

Example 9 code
Example 9: Code

Private Sub btnSelect_Click(...)Handles_


DimtextFileAs String


textFile = OpenFileDialog1.FileName

lstOutput.DataSource =


lstOutput.SelectedItem = Nothing

End Sub