The cultural geography of the us and canada
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THE CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY of THE US AND CANADA. THE UNITED STATES. KEY TERMS: IMMIGRATION, SUNBELT, URBANIZATION, METROPOLITAN AREA, SUBURB, URBAN SPRAWL, MEGALOPOLIS, UNDERGROUND RAILROAD, DRY-FARMING, BILINGUAL, LITERACY RATE. POPULATION PATTERNS. Influenced by immigration

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The united states
THE UNITED STATES

  • KEY TERMS:

    • IMMIGRATION, SUNBELT, URBANIZATION, METROPOLITAN AREA,

    • SUBURB, URBAN SPRAWL, MEGALOPOLIS, UNDERGROUND RAILROAD,

    • DRY-FARMING, BILINGUAL, LITERACY RATE.


Population patterns
POPULATION PATTERNS

  • Influenced by immigration

  • Asiatic peoples reached US over 20,000 years ago

  • Why people move here today?

    • Political and religious freedom, economic opportunity, wars, disasters

    • Ex: 2004- 11.7% of total US pop. Foreign born


Density and distribution
DENSITY and DISTRIBUTION

  • Avg. is 80 people per sq. mi.

  • Northeast and Great Lakes region

    • Dense b/c of commerce and industry

  • Pacific Coast

    • Economic opportunity and mild climate

  • Alaska, Great Plains, and Great Basin

    • Little to no pop.

  • South and Southwest (Sunbelt) Arizona, NM, and California

    • Manufacturing, service, and tourism


Urban areas
URBAN AREAS

Urbanization- rural to cities

Metro-area- main city w/50k and outlying suburbs

Urban sprawl- growth of metro area; people move away from city core


Growth division and unity
GROWTH, DIVISION, and UNITY

  • 1800’s- U.S. doubled in size (addition of Louisiana)

    • Industrial Revolution

    • Coal in Midwest = power for machines = emergence of Midwest as industrial power

  • South

    • Textile industry

    • Slavery = Underground R.R. = series of safe-houses for escapees

  • Movement- Eastern cities to Great Plains (overcrowding)

    • Dry-farming- cultivating land to catch and hold water

    • R.R. = spread of manufactured goods


  • Culture
    CULTURE

    • Main language= English

      • Spanish= 2nd most spoken

    • Many religions

      • Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism

    • Education

      • Private and Public; 97% literacy rate


    Culture the arts
    CULTURE: THE ARTS

    • Jazz- blending African rhythms w/European Harmonies

      • Other notables: LA, NYC


    The cultural geography of canada
    THE CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY of CANADA

    • KEY TERMS:

      • LOYALIST

      • PROVINCE,

      • INUIT

      • DOMINION

      • PARLIAMENT

      • QUEBECOIS

      • NAFTA

      • SEPERATISM


    Population patterns1
    POPULATION PATTERNS

    • Highly developed: big cities; wilderness

    • Some are descendants of Native Americans

    • Their settlers moved for the same reasons as the Americans

      • Ex: Loyalists- to the British Crown came over after the American Revolution

      • Settled in Maritime Provinces

        • Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island

    • Provinces- political units similar to states


    Population patterns cont
    POPULATION PATTERNS (cont)

    • Quebec- settled by French; keeps its French heritage

    • Inuit- Arctic peoples of North America; about 1 million

    • 90% of the people live bet. the U.S./Canada border

      • Much of Canada is inhospitable

      • Rugged terrain and bitterly cold

    • Avg. pop. density = 8 per sq. mi.

    • Most live in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta


    Major urban areas
    MAJOR URBAN AREAS

    Toronto = industry and finance

    Montreal = industry and shipping

    Vancouver = trade b/t Canada and Asia

    Edmonton


    History and govt
    HISTORY and GOVT

    • Driven by French and English roots, independence and immigration

    • 1400s- John Cabot and Jacques Cartier

    • 1600s- French and British competed

    • 1800s- British and French feared US invasion

    • 1867- Dominion of Canada

      • Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick

    • Dominion = partial self governance


    History and govt cont
    HISTORY and GOVT (cont)

    • Independence

      • 1st attempt 1931

      • British gov’t kept the right to approve constitutional changes

    • 1982

      • Canada granted full freedom

      • Constitutional monarchy established


    Expansion and diversity
    EXPANSION and DIVERSITY

    • 1800s- land from Atlantic to Pacific, and Arctic to US Border

    • 1815-1855- 1 million British settlers

    • Quebecois- French speaking people of Canada

    • Klondike Gold Rush

      • Many Natives booted

    • 1998- Nanavut- “our land”; formal apology


    Modern challenges
    MODERN CHALLENGES

    • NAFTA

      • Trading bet. US and Canada

      • Elimination of trade barriers

    • What to do w/Quebec?

      • French nationalists want to start a separatist movement

      • Want independence


    Culture1
    CULTURE

    • Official languages: English and French

    • Religions: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Sikhism

    • Education and Health-Care:

      • Private and Public

      • 97% literacy rate

      • Must be in school bet. 6-16 yrs of age

      • Health-Care- gov’t sponsored


    The arts
    THE ARTS

    • British, French, American, and Native influences

    • 1950s- mass media pushed purchasing of locally produced goods

    • Early 1900s- art by Natives

      • Group of Seven- painted the rugged Northern Canadian Landscapes

    • Writers- Hugh MacLennan & Margaret Lawrence

    • Toronto- theater and music capital of Canada


    Family life
    FAMILY LIFE

    • One of the wealthiest in the world

    • High standard of living

    • 70% are married

      • 60% of these have kids

    • 1970s

      • 1 of 10 was 65 or older

    • Today

      • 1 of 6 is 65 or older

    • Avg. life expectancy = 80 yrs (highest in world)