wh questions and statements with be n.
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WH-QUESTIONS and STATEMENTS with BE. The grammar used in written language and the grammar used in conversational language are often quite different. In fact, what's normal, common, and acceptable in spoken language is often considered unacceptable in written language.

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WH-QUESTIONS and STATEMENTS with BE


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The grammar used in written language and the grammarused in conversational language are often quite different.In fact, what's normal, common, andacceptable in spokenlanguage is often considered unacceptable in writtenlanguage.

slide3

What’s your name? @ My name is Chuck.

  • Where are you from? @ I’m from Taiwan
  • Who is that? @ His name is Tom.
  • What’s her name? @ Her name is Amy
  • Where is she from? @ She’s from Korea
  • Where are you from? @We’re from the United States
  • Who are they? @ They’re Amy’s parents
  • What are their names? @ Their names are Mr. and Mrs. Kim
  • Where are they from? @ They’re from Korea
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In everyday conversation, information ("Wh-") questions(especially those with BE, will, does, has, have, did, andhad) often use contractions--contractions that are oftenheard in speaking, but almost never used in writing.

  • Examples: BE
  • When's, Who's, Which's, Why's, Where's, What's,How's, Whose'sWhen're, Who're, Which're, Why're, Where're,What're, How're, Whose're
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Examples: Will

  • When'll, Who'll, Which'll, Why'll, Where'll, What'll, How'llHow many'll, How often'll, What time'll, Whose'll
  • Examples: Does
  • When's, Who's, Which's, Why's, Where's, What's, How's
  • Examples: Has
  • When's, Who's, Which's, Why's, Where's, What's, How's
  • Examples: Have
  • When've, Who(m)'ve, Which've, Why've, Where've,What've, How've, How many've, How often've
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Examples: Did

  • When'd, Who'd, Which'd, Why'd, Where'd, What'd,How'd, How many'd, How often'd
  • Examples: Had
  • When'd, Who'd, Which'd, Why'd, Where'd, What'd,How'd, How many'd, How often'd
better
BETTER
  • When's the party? ( = When is the party?)
  • Why's Luz angry? ( = Why is Luz angry?)
  • When'll the party be? ( = When will the party be?)
  • What time'll you arrive? ( = What time will you arrive?)
  • What time'll you be arriving? ( = What time will you be arriving?)
  • When's he want to leave? ( = When does he want to leave?)
  • When's he going to leave? ( = When is he going to leave?)
  • When's she been absent? ( = When has she been absent?)
  • What's she wearing? ( = What is she wearing?)
  • What's she want? ( = What does she want?)
  • What's she done? ( = What has she done?)
  • How often've you been absent? ( = How often haveyou been absent?)
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WHY
  • Contractions like the ones aboveare very common in spoken English, but theyare very uncommon (and generally notappropriate!) in written English.
  • The contractions heard in relaxed, everyday conversationare frequently heard in speaking even though they areusually not acceptable in writing!
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Notice that 's can mean is, has, has or does.To know which one is meant, listen for the wordsafter's:

  • Where's he from? ('s = is)Where's he been? ('s = has)What's he want? ('s = does)
  • Notice also that 'd can mean did or had. To knowwhich one is meant, listen for the words after'd:
  • When'd he arrive? ( 'd = When did he arrive?)
  • Where'd he lived before he moved here?('d = Where had he lived before he moved here?)