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Addressing the Motivation to Sexually Abuse. J. Michael Adler, Ph.D. TSOTB Annual Sex Offender Treatment Conference. Experience. 1985 developed adult and adolescent Sex Offender treatment program Have assessed and/or treated approximately 3,000 sex offenders

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Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse

Addressing the Motivation to Sexually Abuse

J. Michael Adler, Ph.D.

TSOTB

Annual Sex Offender Treatment Conference


Experience
Experience

  • 1985 developed adult and adolescent Sex Offender treatment program

  • Have assessed and/or treated approximately 3,000 sex offenders

  • Developed Adolescent Sex offender Treatment Continuum


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Facts concerning re offending
Facts concerning Re-Offending the polygraph regarding truth verification with adolescent and adult sex offenders.

  • In assessing/treating approximately 3,000 sex offenders, every one had multiple offenses

  • Over 125 child pornographers, 122 have had “hands on sexual offenses”

  • The likelihood of getting arrested for child molestation is approximately 3% (Abel et. al., 1987)


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse

  • According to Marshall & Barbaree (1989) re-offending rates based on “official” records was 42% lower than “unofficial” records

  • Of 52 offenders who have re-offended either during the assessment or first year in our treatment program, two were arrested or convicted of a second offense


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Sexual offensive behavior
Sexual Offensive behavior to 40%), based on our experience sex offenders continue to engage in sexually offensive behavior at a high rate

  • is defined as any sexual behavior that denies another person the opportunity to decline without consequence. (violates any of the four conditions of consent)


Sexual offender
Sexual Offender to 40%), based on our experience sex offenders continue to engage in sexually offensive behavior at a high rate

  • Clinically defined as a person who engages in sexual activity in such a manner that some of or all of the sexual satisfaction/fulfillment is related to:


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Problem behavior
Problem Behavior

  • defined as repeatedly engaging in activity in which the expected outcome is undesirable or unwanted

  • Differs from mistake in which the negative outcome is not desired or expected (determined from a known and expected outcome)


Motivation to sexually offend
Motivation to Sexually Offend

  • Behavior is motivated by needs

  • Needs cause an internal state/feeling called a drive to develop

  • The drive activates a response or series of responses designed to attain a goal that relieves the need temporarily.


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse

  • Needs are in a hierarchy; basic needs followed by secondary needs

  • Secondary needs do not become expressed until basic needs are satisfied and there is a basic amount of order and stability in meeting the lower needs

  • Secondary needs (love, belonging, acceptance, worth, esteem, etc.) require intimate relationships with others to meet


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Interpersonal social skills deficits
Interpersonal Social Skills Deficits relationships has been found to be a predictor of sexually inappropriate behavior in later life. (Prentky et. al., 1989)

  • Early Interpersonal Relationships

  • 8 out of 10 offenders report feeling “different and less than others” by the age of six. These feelings remained through high school and adulthood. Most common theme; “inferior.”


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Negative self image
Negative Self-Image and difficulty developing relationships

  • Repeated negative evaluations of self through interactions and relationships result in a poor Internal picture of self (condition of worth)

  • As a result of the repetitive negative experiences, offenders develop numerous irrational thoughts and distortions resulting in fears of being unlovable and worthless


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Addressing the motivation to sexually abuse


Deviant sexual arousal
Deviant Sexual Arousal sexualization of others and sexual objectification.

  • Deviant Sexual Arousal is the best predictor of recidivism (Hanson & Bussiere; Rice et.al.1990)

  • 48 of 52 offenders who re-offended demonstrated deviant arousal responses (the remaining demonstrated no arousal response to adults)


Conditioned deviant arousal
Conditioned Deviant Arousal sexualization of others and sexual objectification.

  • Conditioned arousal responses are triggered by stimuli (such as a child present)

  • Body begins responding to conditioned responses

  • Thoughts, fantasies and/or masturbation are likely elicited


Positive reinforcer
Positive Reinforcer sexualization of others and sexual objectification.

  • Sexual objectification, grooming, and sexual acting out are consistent with the conditioned arousal response resulting in experiencing positive reinforcement

  • Difficulties in adult relationships may result in extinguishing conditioned sexual arousal to peers.