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Vertebrates & Invertebrates. Interactive Presentation designed by Mr. Phillips July 2004. Introduction. You are about to begin an interactive presentation. Caution: This is not a normal presentation! YOU will be participating!

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vertebrates invertebrates

Vertebrates &Invertebrates

Interactive Presentation

designed by Mr. Phillips

July 2004

slide2

Introduction

  • You are about to begin an interactive presentation.
  • Caution: This is not a normal presentation!
  • YOU will be participating!
  • You will be learning about two main classifications of animals:
    • Vertebrates, invertebrates, and the differences between them.
slide3

Directions

  • There are several ways to navigate through this presentation:
  • On some slides you can click on the boxes that look like this:
  • You can click the “next” or “back” buttons like the one at the bottom left of this page.
  • For slides with questions, just click on your choice.
slide4

Presentation Objectives

  • Given access to this presentation, the students will navigate through this presentation with 90% accuracy.
  • Given questions within the presentation, the students will correctly answer 70% of the questions.
  • Given at least 30 minutes to explore the presentation and given characteristics of a specific animal, students will be able to identify whether the animal is a vertebrate or an invertebrate with 80% accuracy.
slide5

Classification of Animals

Animals

Click on vertebrates or invertebrates to learn more about each!!

Vertebrates

Invertebrates

Click below after you have read about vertebrates and invertebrates

slide6

Vertebrates

  • Animals that are vertebrates are simply animals with a backbone.
  • Vertebrates have an endoskeleton
    • It offers support and protects the soft parts of the animal.
slide7

Vertebrates

  • Vertebrates can either be ectotherms or endotherms.
  • Ectotherms (cold-blooded)
    • Body temperature changes to match their surroundings.
  • Endotherms (warm-blooded)
    • Regulate their body temperature so that it remains constant
slide8

Vertebrates

  • Vertebrate animals fall into the chordate phylum.
  • The chordate phylum is divided into classes.
    • fish
    • amphibians
    • reptiles
    • birds
    • mammals
slide9

Vertebrates

Click on a box to learn more about that class of vertebrates!

When you are done, click the link at the bottom left of the screen to learn about invertebrates!

This chart shows the vertebrates organized into classes.

Vertebrates

Fish

Amphibians

Reptiles

Mammals

Birds

Click here to go to Invertebrates

slide10

Fish

  • Fish are cold-blooded animals.
    • This means that their blood temperature changes with the temperature of the surrounding water.
  • Most fish live close to the shore in water that is less than 600 feet deep.
    • In the ocean, the deeper the water, the dimmer the light.
    • Many fish who live at 2000 feet or deeper glow in the dark.
slide11

Fish

  • All fish have gills. These gills absorb oxygen from the water and pass it along to the bloodstream.
  • A fishes scales are called armor because they protect it. A slimy substance moistens the scales. This protects the fish from infection and helps the fish slip through the water faster.
slide12

Fish

  • Fish stay afloat because they have swim bladders. By changing the amount of air in its bladder, a fish never rises or sinks, but stays balanced.
slide13

Fish

  • Fins move the fish forward, steer it, and help the fish to keep its balance.
    • The pectoral and pelvic fins are used for balance, steering, and braking.
    • The dorsal fin keeps the fish from rolling over and works along with the anal fin.
    • The tail (caudal fin) provides power, thrushing the fish forward.
slide14

Fish

Fish are actually divided into 3 different classes.

Click the boxes to learn about these 3 types.

You must click the boxes in order from top to bottom.

Bony Fish

Cartilaginous Fish

Jawless Fish

slide15

Bony Fish

  • Bony fish make up about 95% of all fish.
  • Skeletons are made up of bone.
  • Their scaly skin is covered with a slimy mucous.
  • Their mouth is generally at the front of the body.
  • They have a tail fin.

Click the fish to see a diagram of bony fish.

slide16

Cartilaginous Fish

  • Cartilaginous fish include the sharks, skates and rays.
  • Although these look different, they have many features in common.
  • None of them have any true bone - their skeleton is made of cartilage.
  • They have strong jaws

Great White Shark

Ray

Chilean Skate

slide17

Cartilaginous Fish

Continued…

  • Their mouth is on the underside of their body.
  • Their eyes are on the top of their body.
  • They cannot see food as it enters their mouth.
  • Some sharks solve this problem by touching their food briefly with their nose first.
    • Some also use a powerful electrosensory system.

Click the shark to see a diagram of a shark!

slide18

Jawless Fish

  • This is a primitive eel-like fish which doesn't have a true jaw, but a sucker-like mouth (like suction cups!) and rasping teeth.
  • There are two main types:
    • Lampreys
      • Lampreys are found in freshwater lakes and streams as well as in salt water.
    • Hagfish
      • Hagfish, or blind eels, are found only in salt water and feed mainly on dead fish.

lamprey

slide19

Let’s Review Fish!!!

Click on the correct choice.

The majority of fish fall into which class?

  • Bony Fish
  • Cartilaginous Fish
  • Jawless Fish
slide20

OOPS!

You chose B. Cartilaginous Fish.

That is incorrect.

Think about the majority of fish you have seen in your life…what is hard inside their body?

slide21

OOPS!

You chose C. Jawless Fish.

That is incorrect.

Think about the majority of fish you have seen in your life…what is hard inside their body?

slide22

Good Job!

Yes. The correct choice is A Bony Fish.

About 95% of all fish are considered bony fish!

slide23

Let’s Review Fish!!!

Click on the correct choice.

Which fin gives the fish balance, steering, and braking?

  • Dorsal Fin
  • Caudal Fin (tail)
  • Pectoral and Pelvic Fins
slide24

OOPS!

You chose B. Caudal Fin (tail).

That is incorrect.

The caudal fin (tail) actually gives the fish the power to move forward.

slide25

OOPS!

You chose A. Dorsal Fin.

That is incorrect.

The dorsal fin keeps the fish from rolling over.

slide26

Good Job!

Yes. The correct choice is

C. Pectoral and Pelvic Fin.

These allow the fish to balance, steer, and brake.

slide27

Amphibians

  • These animals have smooth skin
  • Most spend at least part of their life in water.
  • Amphibians are cold-blooded (hibernate in winter).
  • They usually have three life stages: egg, larva, adult (metamorphosis).
  • Includes: Frogs, Toads, Salamanders, and Newts.

Salamander

newts

Ever wonder what the difference between a frog and a toad was? Click here to find out!

toad

slide28

Reptiles

  • These animals have dry, scaly skin.
  • They are cold-blooded (hibernate in winter).
  • Some live in the water, but most are adapted to life on land.
  • Most reptiles lay soft-shelled eggs, but some bear live young.
  • Includes: Lizards, Snakes, Turtles, and Crocodiles.

Fast Fact!

Did you know that snakes smell with their tongue!

Iguana

Turtle

Crocodile

slide29

Birds

  • Birds are warm-blooded.
  • They have hollow bones and feathers.
  • Most can fly at least short distances.
  • Birds are born from hard-shelled eggs.
  • Includes: Raptors, Gulls, Songbirds, and Fowl.

Raptor

Gull

Fowl

slide30

Mammals

  • These animals usually have hair/fur.
  • They give birth to live young and feed their young with milk.
  • Have the most complex brains and nervous systems of any animal on earth.
  • Mammals are warm-blooded.
  • Includes: Rodents, Hoofed animals, Marsupials, Bats, Rabbits, Weasels, Raccoons, Bears, Dogs, and Cats.

Rodent

Bat

Dog

slide31

Not So Fast!!

Let’s try one quick review question!

slide32

Vertebrate Review

  • You see a greenish-brownish colored animal walking in your yard. You get brave, and decide to touch it. It’s skin is dry and scaly. What kind of animal is it most likely?
    • Amphibian
    • Mammal
    • Reptile
slide33

OOPS!

You chose A. Amphibian.

That is incorrect.

Amphibians have smooth skin.

slide34

OOPS!

You chose B. Mammal.

That is incorrect.

A mammal’s skin would most likely be furry.

slide35

Good Job!

Yes. The correct choice is

C. reptile

Reptiles have dry, scaly skin.

slide36

Fun Facts!

  • What’s the difference between an alligator and a crocodile?
  • Click here to find out!
  • What’s the difference between a reptile and an amphibian?
  • Click here to find out!
slide37

Invertebrates

  • Invertebrates are animals without a backbone.
  • 97% of all animals are invertebrates!
  • They are divided into different groups or phyla (plural of phylums).
  • Scientists look at something called symmetry to help classify invertebrates.
slide38

Invertebrates

Radial symmetry: body parts are arranged around in a circle around a central point (starfish).

Bilateral symmetry: have two sides that will match if you draw a line down the center of their body (lobster).

Asymetric: these animals have no definite shape at all (sponges).

slide39

Invertebrates

Click on a box to learn more about that class of invertebrates!

When you are done, click the man at the bottom left of the screen to move on!

Cnidarian

Sponges

Arthropods

Mollusks

Invertebrates

Click below when you are done learning about invertebrates:

Annelids

Flatworms

Echinoderms

slide40

Cnidarians

  • Have radial symmetry
  • Sometimes they have stinging tentacles around their mouths that they use to catch food.

Polyp

Jellyfish

slide41

Sponges

  • Asymmetric bodies
  • They filter food out of the water as it passes through them.
slide42

Roundworms

  • These outnumber every other animal on earth.
  • They can be predators, parasites, or decomposers.
slide43

Arthropods

  • Have jointed body parts
  • Bilateral symmetry
  • Segmented bodies
  • Lobster, house fly, beetle, butterflies, spiders

Crustaceans

Arachnids

Insects

Butterfly

Beetle

House Fly

Tarantula

Lobster

slide44

Arthropods

Crustaceans

  • Crustaceans live mostly in the ocean or other waters.
  • Most commonly known crustaceans are the crab and lobster.
  • Crustaceans have a hard, external shell which protects their body.
  • Crustaceans have a head and abdomen. The head has antennae which are part of their sensory system. The abdomen includes the heart, digestive system and reproductive system.
  • The abdomen also has appendages, such as legs, for crawling and swimming. Many crustaceans also have claws that help with crawling and eating.

Crustaceans

Arachnids

Insects

slide45

Arthropods

Arachnids

  • Arachnids are a type of arthropod. You know many of them as spiders.
  • Like other arthropods, the arachnids have a hard exoskeleton and jointed appendages for walking.
  • Unlike other arthropods, arachnids do not have antennae.
  • Common arachnids are the spider, scorpions, ticks and mites.

Crustaceans

Arachnids

Insects

slide46

Arthropods

Insects

  • Insects are the largest group of arthropods. There are over 800,000 different types of insects.
  • The insect's head has a pair of antennae, and a pair of compound eyes.
  • Compound eyes are different from human eyes which have a single lens for each eye. Compound eyes have many lenses for each eye. For example, the fly has about 4,000 lenses in a single eye. This provides them with very good eyesight.

Crustaceans

Arachnids

Insects

slide47

Flatworms

  • Long, flat bodies
  • Bilateral symmetry
  • Most are parasites that invade other creatures and live off of them.
  • Planaria, tapeworms, liver flukes

Planaria

Tapeworm

Liver Flukes

slide48

Annelids

  • Segmented worms
  • Ringed segments
  • Earthworms, leeches

Earthworm

Leech

slide49

Mollusks

  • Soft bodies
  • Protective shell
  • Land mollusks include snails and slugs and have lungs.
  • Water mollusks include oysters, mussels, clams, squids, and octopuses which use gills to breathe.

Oyster

Snail

Octopus

slide50

Echinoderms

  • Spiny skin
  • Radial symmetry
  • Thousands of tube-like feet
  • Starfish, sea urchin, sand dollar, and sea cucumber.

Sand Dollar

Sea Cucumber

Sea Urchin

Starfish

slide51

Let’s Review

  • What type of symmetry does the following invertebrate have?
  • Radial
  • Bilateral
  • Asymmetric
slide52

OOPS!

You chose c. asymmetric.

That is incorrect.

Think about the left and right sides of a butterfly…

slide53

OOPS!

You chose a. radial.

That is incorrect.

Are all their body parts arranged around a circle?

slide54

Good Job!

Yes. The correct choice is

B. bilateral

Both sides of the butterfly are idential.

slide55

Congratulations!

You have just finished learning about vertebrates and invertebrates!

You are now an expert zoo keeper!

Tomorrow we will continue our quest….