in the footsteps of the master the life and times of jesus christ
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In The Footsteps Of The Master: The Life and Times of Jesus Christ. Jesus Heals on the Sabbath April 12, 2009. Jesus in Jerusalem. John 5:1-4

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in the footsteps of the master the life and times of jesus christ

In The Footsteps Of The Master:The Life and Times of Jesus Christ

Jesus Heals on the Sabbath

April 12, 2009

jesus in jerusalem
Jesus in Jerusalem
  • John 5:1-4
    • “1After these things there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2Now there is in Jerusalem by the sheep gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porticoes. 3In these lay a multitude of those who were sick, blind, lame, and withered [,waiting for the moving of the waters; 4for an angel of the Lord went down at certain seasons into the pool and stirred up the water; whoever then first, after the stirring up of the water, stepped in was made well from whatever disease with which he was afflicted].”

for discussion
For Discussion
  • Jesus has returned to Jerusalem for “a feast”, though we aren’t told which one
    • Jesus followed the customs of His day, which was for pious men to attend the major feasts in Jerusalem
  • Most manuscripts omit the latter portion of verse 3 and all of verse 4
    • They were probably not part of the original, but were added to explain the actions of the people surrounding the pool

bethesda house of mercy
Bethesda - “House of Mercy”

Sheep Gate


location in the city
Location in the City


jesus heals a lame man
Jesus Heals a Lame Man
  • John 5:5-9a
    • “5A man was there who had been ill for thirty-eight years. 6When Jesus saw him lying there, and knew that he had already been a long time in that condition, He said* to him, ‘Do you wish to get well?’7The sick man answered Him, ‘Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up, but while I am coming, another steps down before me.’ 8Jesus said* to him, ‘Get up, pick up your pallet and walk.’9Immediately the man became well, and picked up his pallet and began to walk.”

for discussion1
For Discussion
  • Does Jesus wait for the man to make a request before acting?
    • Why not?
  • Why is there no faith required on the part of the man?
    • He doesn’t even know who Jesus is
    • His hopes are focused on the power of the water

the jews protest
The Jews Protest
  • John 5:9b-13
    • “9bNow it was the Sabbath on that day. 10So the Jews were saying to the man who was cured, ‘It is the Sabbath, and it is not permissible for you to carry your pallet.’11But he answered them, ‘He who made me well was the one who said to me,“Pick up your pallet and walk.”’12They asked him, ‘Who is the man who said to you,“Pick up your pallet and walk”?’13But the man who was healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had slipped away while there was a crowd in that place.”

for discussion2
For Discussion
  • Who were these “Jews”?
  • What was the basis for their protest?
  • According to the healed man, who is to blame for this whole affair?
    • But he couldn’t name Him
    • Nor could he point Him out

work and the sabbath
Work and the Sabbath
  • No work was allowed on the Sabbath
    • The Pharisees had built a “hedge” around it as they had every commandment
    • They went to great lengths to define what was and wasn’t acceptable
    • Could borrow oil or wine from a neighbor, but couldn’t say “lend me them” ...
  • One could not carry a load on the Sabbath
    • ReadJer 17:21-22

jesus finds the man
Jesus Finds the Man
  • John 5:14
    • “14Afterward Jesus found* him in the temple and said to him, ‘Behold, you have become well; do not sin anymore, so that nothing worse happens to you.’”
  • Seems to imply:
    • The man was caught up in some sin
    • That the sin may have been involved in his ailment
    • That things could get worse if not corrected

the jews reaction
The Jews’ Reaction
  • John 5:15-18
    • “15The man went away, and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. 16For this reason the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because He was doing these things on the Sabbath. 17But He answered them, ‘My Father is working until now, and I Myself am working.’ 18For this reason therefore the Jews were seeking all the more to kill Him, because He not only was breaking the Sabbath, but also was calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.”

for discussion3
For Discussion
  • Does the healed man “betray” Jesus to the authorities?
  • This is the first mention of the Jews wanting to kill Jesus
  • Jesus claims God as His Father, in a very personal and familiar sense
  • This adds blasphemy to violating the Sabbath and sets in motion the journey to the cross

the father and son
The Father and Son
  • John 5:19-21
    • “19Therefore Jesus answered and was saying to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner. 20For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and the Father will show Him greater works than these, so that you will marvel. 21For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes. ”

father and son cont
Father and Son (cont.)
  • John 5:22-24
    • “22For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son, 23so that all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.24Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.”

jesus claims
Jesus’ Claims
  • Jesus makes bold statements about His relationship with the Father
    • The Son can do nothing except what the Father has shown Him
    • The Father loves the Son and shows Him all things
    • The Father restored life from physical death; the Son from spiritual death
    • The Father has given all judgment to the Son, so that all will honor Him
    • Those who do not honor the Son do not honor the Father
    • Those who believe the Son, believe the Father and receive eternal life

a quotation
A Quotation
  • This is “an act of the most extraordinary and unique courage ... He must have known that to speak like this was to court death. It is His claim to be King; and He knew well that the man who listened to words like this had only two alternatives – the listener must either accept Jesus as the Son of God, or He must hate Him as a blasphemer and seek to destroy Him. There is hardly any passage where Jesus appeals for men’s love and defies men’s hatred as He does here.”William Barclay

for discussion4
For Discussion
  • The Son is the physical manifestation of the Father
    • Immanuel: “God with us”
  • Why did Jesus pick this moment to identify Himself as the Son of God?

the son and judgment
The Son and Judgment
  • John 5:25-30
    • “25Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. 26For just as the Father has life in Himself, even so He gave to the Son also to have life in Himself; 27and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man. 28Do not marvel at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear His voice, 29and will come forth; those who did the good deeds to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil deedsto a resurrection of judgment. 30I can do nothing on My own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.”

for discussion5
For Discussion
  • Who are the “dead” who will hear Jesus’ voice?
  • In the OT, the Father is the One form whom live derives
    • Jesus makes another claim of commission by the Father
  • Define the concept of judgment
    • When does it occur?
    • How are works linked to judgment?
  • Why is Jesus’ judgment just?

testimony about jesus
Testimony About Jesus
  • John 5:31-38
    • “31If I alone testify about Myself, My testimony is not true. 32There is another who testifies of Me, and I know that the testimony which He gives about Me is true. 33You have sent to John, and he has testified to the truth. 34But the testimony which I receive is not from man, but I say these things so that you may be saved. 35He was the lamp that was burning and was shining and you were willing to rejoice for a while in his light. 36But the testimony which I have is greater than the testimony of John; for the works which the Father has given Me to accomplish—the very works that I do—testify about Me, that the Father has sent Me. 37And the Father who sent Me, He has testified of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time nor seen His form. 38You do not have His word abiding in you, for you do not believe Him whom He sent.”

for discussion6
For Discussion
  • Jesus disclaims witness about Himself
  • Witness concerning Jesus comes from:
    • The Father
    • John the Baptist
    • Jesus’ works
    • The OT Scriptures
    • Moses
  • Why was the Jews’ interest in John short-lived
  • Why does Jesus say that the Father’s word doesn’t abide in the Jews

the testimony of scripture
The Testimony of Scripture
  • John 5:39-44
    • “39You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; it is these that testify about Me; 40and you are unwilling to come to Me so that you may have life. 41I do not receive glory from men; 42but I know you, that you do not have the love of God in yourselves. 43I have come in My Father’s name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, you will receive him. 44How can you believe, when you receive glory from one another and you do not seek the glory that is from the one and only God?”

for discussion7
For Discussion
  • How do the OT Scriptures testify about Jesus?
  • How could the Jews know the Scriptures in detail but miss Jesus?
    • They dwelled on the letter of the Law and missed the deeper truths
    • The Jews made a profession of loving God, but didn’t really love Him
  • In the presence of the One who brings life, they became antagonistic

the testimony of moses
The Testimony of Moses
  • John 5:45-47
    • “45Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father; the one who accuses you is Moses, in whom you have set your hope. 46For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me, for he wrote about Me. 47But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?”

for discussion8
For Discussion
  • What does Jesus mean when He says that Moses is their accuser?
    • “The Law of Moses is not a religion of salvation, it is the categorical imperative of God by which men are accused and exposed as sinners.” Hoskyns
  • Moses foretold the coming of the Messiah in Deuteronomy 18:15,18-19
    • “Every true disciple of Moses is on the way to becoming a Christian.” Godet
    • Those who rejected Jesus, ultimately rejected Moses

next week
Next Week
  • Another Sabbath Controversy