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如何觀看?. 劉瑞琪. 何謂視覺文化 ? - visual studies: the field of study - visual culture: the object of study James D. Herbert, cp. 藝術史 - democratization - globalization - dematerialization. 如何觀看藝術品 ? (傳記研究、文獻研究、黑格爾的美學、鑑定學) 形式主義/風格分析 圖像誌與圖像學 (何謂心理圖式?) 記號學(結構主義、後結構主義、解構) 精神分析 馬克思主義與藝術社會史 女性主義

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slide2
何謂視覺文化?

-visual studies: the field of study

-visual culture: the object of study

  • James D. Herbert, cp. 藝術史

-democratization

-globalization

-dematerialization

slide3
如何觀看藝術品?
  • (傳記研究、文獻研究、黑格爾的美學、鑑定學)
  • 形式主義/風格分析
  • 圖像誌與圖像學
  • (何謂心理圖式?)
  • 記號學(結構主義、後結構主義、解構)
  • 精神分析
  • 馬克思主義與藝術社會史
  • 女性主義
  • 接受理論
  • 後殖民論述
  • 同志學
slide4
形式主義/風格分析
  • 什麼是 form?

由 design(設計)的組成元素所創造的美學效果

-design 的要素:line, shape, form, space, texture,

light, color

-design 的原則:unity, contrast, balance, emphasis,

scale, proportion, rhythm

  • 風格:持續的形式
  • 形式主義者認為,風格的發展有其內在的邏輯,不受藝術家與社會文化脈絡的影響
  • Heinrich Wölfflin 的《藝術史的原則》(1915)
slide5
Design 的要素
  • Line:輪廓線、構圖上暗示的線條、影線、交叉排線
  • Shape:外形、造型
  • Form (mass):形式或團塊
  • Space:常用大氣透視、線性透視、前縮法來呈現空間
  • Texture:質地
  • Light (value) :光線明暗
  • Color:暖色、寒色、互補色、色彩的明暗、色彩的飽和度、 色彩的和諧
slide16
Design 的原則
  • Unity (harmony)
  • Contrast (variety)
  • Balance (symmetrical and asymmetrical)
  • Emphasis (focal point)
  • Scale
  • Proportion
  • Rhythm (movement, pattern, repetition)
slide24
Heinrich Wölfflin 的《藝術史的原則》(1915)

RenaissanceBaroque

linear painterly

plane recession

closed form open form

multiplicity unity

absolute clarity relative clarity

slide27

Clement Greenberg:

  • “Modernist Painting,” 1961
  • optical (anti-sculptural)
  • Medium(媒材): flat/ frame/ facture (3f)
  • surface/ support/pigment (s/s/p)