The English language. History of English. 50.000 years ago. 3.000 years ago. Few knowings about the languages spoken. C elts. Celtic languages were spoken al over Europe.
(RomanEmpire rules much of Europe)
arrivedtothe British Isles)
Half of thevocabulary comes fromfrench
and Latin (theygiveformalitytothelanguage)
Differences in sound, words and sentences.
(Old English/OE) www.wwnorton.com/nael/noa/audio.htm
b) now should praise-INF heaven-kingdom-GEN guardian
(first sentence of the Caedmon’s Hymn, from a manuscript dated 737)
Now we should praise the guardian of the heavenly kingdom.
One of themajorfunctions of languageistoindicatewhodoeswhattowhom and where, when, how and whythatoccurs.
endingsontheverbs and nouns
Of region, social class, registerorlevel of formality.
- languagecontact (betweenspeakers of differnetlanguages)
-issues of politicalor social identity.
Externalchanges are unpredictible.
(Politically, geographically and sociallychanges)
Internalchangesare when,forinstance, spekers stop usingendingsorinflections and starttorelyonwordsuch as of, for, theandhave. Internalchangesalsooccurswhenthecategory of a wordisreanalyzedwhenprepositionsdtartbeingusedto introduce sentences. However, there are factorsthatinhibitinternalchange,
prescriptive rules (includedon´tsplitinfinitives and don´tendendsentenceswith a preposition)
1) Internal(linguisticreasons. Eg a appleanapple)
2) External(social, economic, geographical, political and historicalreasons. Eg: migrationsanndtradecontact)