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Tues 4/16

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  1. Tues 4/16 Collect Transpiration lab data (Day 1) Finish Ecological Succession booklets (15 min.) Start Chp.54 Ecosystems Notes Reminder: Chp.54 Guided Reading is due tomorrow!

  2. Ecology Biomes and Ecosystems

  3. Ecosystems- Matter and Energy

  4. Primary Production = rate at which production happens http://www.bigelow.org/foodweb/chemosynthesis.jpg

  5. Visualizing Matter & Energy There are a variety of diagrams that help us visualize how energy, biomass, matter, and even number of organisms interact in a particular community or ecosystem. It is important that you look carefully at the diagrams and understand what it says about that ecosystem in terms of matter and/or energy.

  6. Primary Production made by Primary Producers Gross primary productivity is the total amount of energy that producers convert to chemical energy in organic molecules per unit of time. Then the plant must use some energy to supports its own processes with cellular respiration such as growth, opening and closing it’s stomata, etc. What is left over in that same amount of time is net primary productivity which is the energy available to be used by another organism.

  7. Primary Production

  8. Net Product Pyramid

  9. Trophic Level Human Population

  10. Biomass Pyramids • I think this slide should go up with the other pyramid slides even though it’s about populations

  11. Pyramid of Numbers

  12. Energy Transformation

  13. Biogeochemical Cycle

  14. Nitrogen Cycle

  15. Phosphorus Cycle

  16. Water Cycle

  17. Carbon Cycle

  18. Nutrient Cycling

  19. http://www.theenergylibrary.com/files/images/Energy_Allocation.screen.jpghttp://www.theenergylibrary.com/files/images/Energy_Allocation.screen.jpg

  20. Now that we have examined the flow of energy and the cycling of matter, let’s examine biomes from the biosphere.

  21. Aquatic Biome Distribution

  22. Lake Stratification

  23. Zonation Marine Zonation Lake Zonation

  24. Freshwater

  25. Wetlands & Estuaries Transitional Zones between freshwater and marine. This water tends to be a mix of both depending on its geographic location. The water is often referred to as brackish

  26. Marine Biomes Tide Zone Coral Reef Benthos Black Smoker

  27. Terrestrial Biomes

  28. Tropical Rain Forest

  29. Savanna

  30. Desert

  31. Chaparral- also called Scrubland

  32. Temperate Grasslands

  33. Temperate Forest

  34. Taiga Also called Coniferous or Boreal Forest 1. precipitation usually snow 2. conifers like spruce, fir, hemlock 3. soil acidic and forms slowly

  35. Tundra

  36. Biosphere

  37. What happens when a cycle is out of balance? Cycles can have an anthropogenic (man-made) or a non-anthropogenic (natural phenomena) impact that causes a cycle to become unbalanced. Additionally, this may just be the natural state of that ecosystem as a consequence of the availability of nutrients. Two examples involving imbalanced freshwater habitats include: Oligotrophic waters- low primary productivity Eutrophic waters- high primary productivity

  38. Eutrophic Oligotrophic Lake

  39. Eutrophication- The Algal Bloom

  40. Experimental Data The following data was collected from 14 different rivers in Virginia. Use the Station 1 data to calculate the Primary Productivity of a water sample. Report your answer in units of mg Carbon fixed/Liter The needed conversion factors are found on the student formula sheet

  41. Answers to Previous Slides Station 1 4.2 mg O2/L  0.698 = 2.9 mL O2/L 2.9 mL O2/L  0.526= 1.6 mg Carbon fixed/L

  42. Created by: Susan Ramsey VASS Notable contributions by S. Meister