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BEHAVIORIAL SAFETY STORY. Why we must change the way we implement our programs? . OBJECTIVES. Compliance programs include a basic element, “effectiveness”. What and how to measure effectiveness or performance? What to measure?

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BEHAVIORIAL SAFETY STORY

Why we must change the way we implement our programs?


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OBJECTIVES

  • Compliance programs include a basic element, “effectiveness”.

  • What and how to measure effectiveness or performance?

  • What to measure?

  • Accidents, take names, intimidating presence? Is this performance?

  • 3 E’s: Engineering, Education & Enforcement


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BEHAVIOR

  • Behavior is the manner in which we act. Each person behaves differently with a wide variety of factors affecting their behavior, e.g., culture, attitude, peer pressure, knowledge, and example. It is not necessarily consistent, e.g., 1 in a million.


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EXPECTATIONS

  • There must be some assumptions for expectations

  • 1. The program is clearly defined

  • 2. Who does what and who is in charge

  • 3. The program is implemented in to the project


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IMPLEMENTATION

  • Construction projects – it starts at the time of estimation, and schedule development. This is the 1st E.

  • What work will be performed, how, what materials are involved?

  • Activity hazard analysis of the project

  • What OSH professionals must know is another talk.


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IMPLEMENT THE BEHAVIOR MEASURE

  • How will the project be measured for effectiveness?

  • Performance? Unsafe acts or behavior?

  • Behavior – define the behavioral observations ahead of time but be flexible. Determine risk assessment


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RISK ASSESSMENT CODE

SAFETY TRIANGLE

RAC I

RAC II

RAC III


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OBSERVATIONS

  • What to observe?

  • Date and time is useful for time studies and trending.

  • Description of the behavior, and condition.

  • Who is responsible?

  • Who observed?

  • What type of observation, determine a type, e.g., electrical, scaffolding, FPP.

  • Determine the risk for the various types of observations.


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IDENTIFY THE PARAMETERS

  • Time vs. the work or production

  • Behavioral observations over time

  • Identify serious behavioral issues

  • Monitor actions and their impact

  • Who participates?







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NOW WE ARE READY TO WORK

  • WE’RE DONE WITH OUR ENGINEERING, AND SOME OF OUR BASIC EDUCATION.

  • ENFORCEMENT AND THE BEHAVIOR MONITORING WILL START.



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END RESULT?

Bruised hand, knee, sprn wrist, injured tailbone

Nail punc & elbow strn

Neck strn & heat stress

Musc strain

Back Strn

FOB

Laceration finger

Nail puncture

Lacerations to hand, wrist,& fingers, 5 ea.

Pulled tendon


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INJURIES

  • Number of injuries 18 total injuries; 8 lost time. 350,000 manhours.

  • IIR = 0.05; the DWI injury rate = 0.02. Success?

  • 7 strains

  • 6 lacerations

  • 2 punctures

  • 1 Heat stress

  • 1 FOB

  • 1 bruise



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LESSONS LEARNED

  • Observation data is sporadic and the focus is on the RAC IV or NDs

  • Interference by the owner is the major contributor to the insignificant focus

  • Safety standowns and intimidating efforts req’d by owner interfered with the process.

  • Participation in the observations limited and of a retaliatory nature which biased the data.

  • Behavior impacted easily by negative or reactionary actions.


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ON-GOING ASSESSMENT

  • Attempts at Changing behavior

  • Worker behavior was relatively simple.

  • The relationship with the owner and contractor was poor at best.

  • Interference by the owner in this case is the primary contributor to the failure of the overall program.



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EFFECTIVENESS

  • A compliant program should not be different or separate from an effective one. How much time do we spend on the compliant program?

  • We need to be better equipped to measure our effectiveness and yet be flexible.

  • Our efforts are needed to look at changing behavior. We need to share information on the project and off the project.

  • The owner is part of the program, especially if they want to interfere.

  • Can we get off the paradigm of taking names and establishing a presence for safety?