Organ of corti
1 / 44

Organ of Corti - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Organ of Corti. Organ of Corti (limbus). Organ of Corti (tectorial memb.). Organ of Corti (inner hair cells). Organ of Corti (outer hair cells). Organ of Corti (spriral lamina). Organ of Corti (habenula perforata). Organ of Corti (supporting cells). Organ of Corti (basilar membrane).

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Organ of Corti' - pippa

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Organ of corti habenula perforata
Organ of Corti (habenula perforata)

Organ of corti basilar membrane
Organ of Corti (basilar membrane)

More on cells
More on Cells

  • Hair Cells

    • Outer Hair Cells

    • Inner Hair Cells

  • Supporting Cells (modiolus to stria vascularis)

    • Vestibular Lip

    • Border Cells of Held

    • Inner Phalangeal Cells

    • Rods of Corti (Pillar Cells)

    • Dieters Cells

    • Hensons Cells

    • Claudius and Boettcher Cells

Cross section showing hair cells and supporting cells
Cross section showing hair cells and supporting cells

  • Note: modiolus is to the right of slide

Inner hair cells
Inner Hair Cells

  • Inner Hair Cells (see previous slide)

    • Jug shaped

    • Larger than OHCs

    • Single Row

    • 3000 to 4000 in number

    • Innervated by both afferent and efferent fibers

  • IHC cilia

    • 50 to 70 cilia per cell in U shaped configuration.

    • Cilia not embedded in tectorial membrane

Outer hair cells
Outer Hair Cells

  • Outer Hair Cells (see previous slide)

    • Tube shaped

    • Smaller than IHCs

    • 3 rows except at apical end where it increases to 4 and then 5 rows

    • 12,000 to 13,000 in number

    • Innervated by both afferent and efferent fibers

  • OHC cilia

    • 58 cilia at apical end to 150 per cell at basal end in W or V shaped configuration.

    • Cilia embedded in tectorial membrane


  • Photo showing U shaped configuration of IHC (top) and W or V shaped configuration of OHC (bottom)

Hair cell photo
Hair Cell (photo)

  • Outer Hair cells showing the stereocilia, reticular lamina and cuticle.

Organ of corti

Auditory Nerve Fiber Bundle

High frequency fibers: outer auditory nerve

Low frequency fibers: inner auditory nerve

Tonotopicity in the auditory nerve

Mapping of frequency to place along the basilar

membrane preserved in central auditory nervous system

fiber CF




Hair cells

Apex: wide and loose

Basilar membrane

Base: narrow and tight

Organ of corti

Central auditory system

Structure Function/Description

IHC to Auditory Nerve Fiber 1st synapse located in the cochlea

Cochlear Nucleus 2nd synapse (1st central way station)

Superior Olivary Complex 3rd synapse, Convergence of inputs from two ears, Delay line, localization

Inferior Colliculi 4th synapse, multi-sensory integration

Medial Geniculate Body 5th synapse, located in the thalamus

Auditory Cortex 6th synapse

Organ of corti

fiber CF

8000 Hz



fiber CF




fiber CF

8000 Hz



fiber CF




Plasticity: flexibility,

the ability to adapt to

new situations.

Tonotopically organized

Auditory Cortex


Hair cell death, 1-2 kHz

Organ of corti

Acoustic Reflex Arc

  • Acoustic reflex:

  • Contraction of the stapedius and tensor tympani muscles occurs at high intensity levels

  • The response is bilateral

  • Some functions:

    • Protection from intense sounds

    • Smoothing of the frequency response of the outer and middle ears

Organ of corti

Acoustic Reflex Arc

Midline of the brain


(ipsilateral pathway)


(contralateral pathway)