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Research Infrastructures European Added Value, Strategy & policy. Christian Kurrer, European Commission Bonn, 15.1.2007. The context…. Definition of Research Infrastructures. Facilities, resources, and related services used by the scientific community for Conducting leading-edge research

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Research InfrastructuresEuropean Added Value, Strategy & policy

Christian Kurrer, European Commission

Bonn, 15.1.2007


Definition of Research Infrastructures

  • Facilities, resources, and related services usedby the scientific community for
    • Conducting leading-edge research
    • Knowledge transmission, knowledge exchangesand knowledge preservation
  • Includes
    • Major scientific equipment
    • Scientific collections, archives and structured information
    • ICT-based infrastructures
    • Entities of a unique nature, used for research
research infrastructures and capacity building
Research Infrastructures of pan-European relevance provide unique opportunities for:

world-level research

world-level training

Technology & knowledge transfer

ensuring knowledge preservation

… in brief for European Capacity Building

Research Infrastructures and capacity building 
excellence and research infrastructures
Europe has a long-standing tradition of excellence in research and its teams continue to lead progress in many fields

However our centres of excellence often fail to reach critical mass

There is a need to bring resources together and to build a European Research Area equivalent to the "common market" 

Excellence and Research Infrastructures 
community activities under fp6 2002 2006
Community activities under FP6 (2002-2006)

Forexisting research infrastructures

  • Integrating Activities:to structure better, on a European scale, the way such facilities operate and promote their coherent use and development
  • e-infrastructures: to foster development of high-capacity + performance communication networks and grid infrastructures

For new research infrastructures

  • Design studies
  • Construction (incl. major upgrades)
community activities under fp6 2002 20061
Facts and Figures:

Total budget:732 .2 M€

of which 222 for GRID + GEANT

Number of projects142

Number of RIs supported248

Potential number of users >20000

Community activities under FP6 (2002-2006)

Importance of I3s:

  • to reduce European fragmentation and dispersion of existing facilities
  • To help developing an internal research market for access to installations and for research services

IA-SFS (Analytical Facilities)


Developing a pan-European Synchrotron and Free Electron Laser infrastructure

  • TA (~19 M€):
  • 15 installations, with 4000 users from a very broad spectrum of disciplines
  • NA (~2 M€):
  • Specialized workshops, conferences and schools
  • (support areas of transnational cooperation)
  • Exchange of scientists
  • JRA (~6 M€):
  • European platform for Protein Crystallography
  • Development of:
    • Instrumentation for Femtosecond Pulses
    • Diffractive x-ray optics
    • Superconducting Undulator
    • Photoinjector for X-ray Free Electron Lasers

EC contribution: 27 M€

  • Offering a common access platform

EUPRIM-Net (Biomedical Sciences)


Developing a pan-European research infrastructure of primate centres

EC contribution: ~4.7 M€

  • TA (~1.3 M€):
  • Gene, tissue, cell, gamete and serum banks
  • Experimental animals
  • NA (~1.7 M€):
  • Standards (SOPs for quarantine and experiments)
  • Training on handling (blood sampling, injections…)
  • Courses and textbook (primate behaviour, husbandry, nutrition…)
  • JRA (~1.7 M€):
  • Molecular typing methods
  • Pathogen detection assays
  • Telemetry prototyping
  • Refinement, Replacement

Main characteristics of an average Integrating Activity under FP6

  • Average number of contractors: 19 of which 7 are offering access
  • Typical duration of 4 years
  • Average EC contribution: ~10 M€
    • Management: ~ 6%
    • Networking Activities: ~ 15%
    • Trans-national Access: ~ 36%
    • Joint Research Activities: ~ 43%
  • List of funded projects (FP6)

Within «one» single contract

towards a coherent policy for research infrastructures




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n Research Infrastructures

Towards a coherent policy for Research Infrastructures
  • A European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures
  • Launched in April 02
  • Brings together representatives of the 25 Member States,7 Associated States, and one representative of the European Commission (EC)
role of esfri
To foster an “open method of coordination” between different countries

To discuss the long term vision at European level and to support the development of a European RI policy

To bring initiatives and projects to a point where decisions by ministers are possible

A stimulation and incubator role




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n Research Infrastructures

Role of ESFRI
the roadmap
Mandate from the Council of Ministers,November 2004

The Roadmap is the result of two years of intensive work (published October 2006)

About 1000 high-level experts were involved, from every MS and AS, from most fields and user communities, giving the end product credibility and quality.

It is the beginning of an ongoing process




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n Research Infrastructures

The Roadmap
proposed new facilities for biomedical and life sciences




an S


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n Research Infrastructures

Proposed new facilities for Biomedical and Life Sciences

Roadmap 2006

6 Projects




EBI upgrade




FP7 2007 - 2013

Budget (M€) - Source: Council decision in December 2006


Objectives of the CommunityResearch Infrastructures action

  • Optimising the use and development of the best existing research infrastructures in Europe
  • Helping to create in all fields of S & T new research infrastructures of pan-European interest needed by the scientific community
  • Supporting programme implementationand policy development(e.g. international cooperation)

30% increase according to FP6


Support to existing Research Infrastructures

  • Integrating Activities to promote the coherent use and development of research infrastructures in a given field, implemented through:
    • A bottom-up approach for proposals open to all fields of science
    • Targeted approach with topics defined in cooperation with the FP7 thematic areas
  • ICT basede-infrastructuresin support of scientific research

580 M€ 2007-2013

420 M€ 2007-2013


EGEE (grids)


  • ~ 500 sites in 40 countries
  • > 60 Virtual Organisations
  • ~ 24 000 CPUs
  • > 5 PB storage
  • > 10 000 concurrent jobs/day
  • Scientific communities Life Sciences

High Energy Physics Biomedics

Astrophysics Earth Sciences

Computational Chemistry Finance

Fusion GeophysicsMultimedia…


Call for proposalsN°1 – launched early 2007

  • Existing e-infrastructures (42 M€)
    • Scientific Digital Repositories, deployment of e-Infrastructures for new Scientific Communities,
  • Support measure for some FP6 I3 (finishing before March 2008)
  • Closure: 2 May 2007
  • Single stage procedure for evaluation remote + panel evaluation
  • First contracts will come into force before the end of 2007

Next calls for proposals N°2 (e-infrastructures) + N° 3

  • Indicative budget of 84 + 275 M€
    • 25 to 30 RTD projects to be selected
    • Call 2: e-science GRID, GÉANT and Scientific Data Infrastructures
    • Call 3: for RTD; both bottom up and targeted approach
  • Closure: Autumn 2007 (call 2) + March 2008 (call 3)
  • More information to be provided mid-2007

Support to new Research Infrastructures

  • Design studies: to support the conceptual design for new facilities or major upgrades, of clear European dimension and interest
    • through bottom-up calls
  • Support to the Construction of new infrastructures and major upgrades to existing ones
    • Preparatory phase
    • Construction phase

70 M€ 2007-2013

530 M€ 2007-2013

support actions
Support Actions

… through a mixed bottom-up / top down approach, for:

  • the development of anRI European policyand the development ofinternational cooperation
  • Supportingprogramme implementation(NCPs) and the coordination of research infrastructures inemerging areas


65 M€ 2007-2013


FP7 will support the designof new research infrastructures (or major upgrades)

  • Design studies aiming at the conceptual design, not at a detailed design
  • Case of e-Infrastructures: to foster new organisational models in domains of grids & data
  • EC support likely to be smaller than under FP6, i.e. less than 5 M€
  • bottom-up call…
  • Useful to feed the ESFRI roadmap process

For the constructionof new research infrastructures (or major upgrades)

… and major upgrades to existing ones

  • Support to the preparatory phasemainly based on the ESFRI worktwo calls foreseen (2007 and 2009)
  • (in addition) support to RSFF
  • (limited) available resources tosupport the construction

200-230 M€ 2007-2013

200 M€ 2007-2013

100-130 M€ 2007-2013


First call for proposals closing in spring 2007

  • For design studies, preparatory phase, and support actions
    • design studies: 35 M€
    • Support actions: 28 M€(budget 2007-2008)
  • Indicative budget for preparatory phase:
    • 34 projects (budget 2007-2008)
  • Closure: 2nd May 2007
  • First contracts to come into force before end 2007

130 M€


Support measures under the 1st call…

  • For:
    • ERA-NETs
    • Studies, conferences, coordination actions for policy development (e-infrastructures)
    • NCPs and other support actions, as appropriate
  • Indicative budget of 28 M€
    • 15 to 20 projects to be selected
  • Closure: 2 May 2007

Call N°3 closing early 2008 - only 5 M€


The Preparatory Phaseunder the 1st call …

  • Member States not necessarily need the EC support…
  • … nevertheless, FP7 could help, in facilitating decision-making (no automatic funding)
  • A first call will be restricted to the projects identified in the 2006ESFRI roadmap
  • One proposal per topic is expected
  • Targeted at resolving bottlenecks in decision-making and supporting long-term consistency of research-oriented public actions

The Preparatory Phaseunder the 1st call …

  • Tasks focusing on:
    • Strategy development
    • Planning of Technical work (e.g. final prototypes)
    • Governance and logistical work
    • Financial arrangements
    • Legal issues
  • The first call will be restricted to the projects identified in the 2006ESFRI roadmap
  • Direct EC (average) contribution around 5 M€

The preparatory Phase…Who are the participants ?

  • Consortia should involve all stakeholders necessary to make the project a reality
  •  e.g. ministries, governments, research councils, funding agencies from interested countries +as appropriate, research centres, universities, industries, international organisations…
  • Minimum 3 participants from 3 Member States or Associated States(recommendation: at least 3 agencies…)

Who are the participants ?How to manage ?

  • Open to participants from third countries
  • Possibility for new participants to join at later stage
  • … but be careful with too large consortia…
  • Coordinator to act as a « team builder »
  • The EC will act as a “facilitator”

What can be done ?

  • Legal work, e.g.
  • To establish the legal basis for the new pan- European Research Infrastructures
  • Governance and logistic work, e.g.
  • Plans in terms of decision making, management structure, advisory bodies, IPR, access rule,
  • Staff recruitment, researchers support….

What can also be done ?

  • Strategic work, e.g.
  • Plans to integrate the new RI in the EU fabric of related facilities, identification of best possible site(s), systems, etc.
  • Planning of research services to be provided at international level, etc.
  • Technical work, e.g.
  • Draft engineering plans for construction,
  • Final prototypes, new processing protocols, software, etc.

Preparatory Phase facilitating financial engineering for new research infrastructures

Member States

European Commission

Stakeholdersincl. EIROs

Inclusion in national Programmes

Inclusion in Specific RTD Programme(s)

Inclusion in DG REGIO / DG DEV strategic plans





FP7 Research Infrastructures in brief

Existing Infrastructures

New Infrastructures

Design studies

Integrating activities


Construction (preparatory phase; construction phase)


Policy Development and Programme Implementation


Useful links

  • FP7 Proposal and Capacities Specific Programme

  • Research Infrastructures on CORDIS (FP6)

  • ESFRI (Eur. Strategy Forum for Research Infrastr.)

  • e-Infrastructures Reflection Group (e-IRG)

  • International Scientific cooperation policy:







Many thanks for your attention







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