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Ancient Greek Explorations. Why Study Greek Mythology. City-States. Myths. Final Quiz. Main Menu. Athens. Sparta. Delphi. City-States. Titans. Icarus. Trojan War. Greek Myths.

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Ancient Greek Explorations

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Ancient Greek Explorations

    2. Why Study Greek Mythology

    3. City-States Myths Final Quiz Main Menu

    4. Athens Sparta Delphi City-States

    5. Titans Icarus Trojan War Greek Myths

    6. Ancient Athens was one of the most influential and well-known city-states in all of Ancient Greece. Named after the Greek goddess Athena, the city gave us some of the greatest philosophers of all time and helped shape government today. Athens helped shape the idea of democracy with a system that allowed for men in the city to help run the government. They also had a judicial system with a jury of peers. Athens

    7. Philosophers like Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle came from Athens. They are said to be the fathers of modern philosophy by telling us to use reason and to question the knowledge that some might think we have. Athens had a great stronghold called the Acropolis, including the Parthenon. The construction made Athens want to build an empire which soon brought tensions between it’s rival state, Sparta. The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and the Peloponnesian League which was led by Sparta. Athens was defeated and soon conquered later by Macedon. Athens

    8. This is a quick review over the section you just read. Answer the following questions. Quiz

    9. 1. Who is the God/Goddess of Athens? A. Ares B. Artemis C. Athena D. Apollo Quiz

    10. Incorrect Try Again Hint: Name in the city

    11. Correct

    12. 2. He was a famous philosopher from Athens. A. Socrates B. Descartes C. Hume D. Spinoza Quiz

    13. Incorrect Try Again Hint: Father of Modern Philosophy

    14. Correct

    15. 3. When did the Peloponnesian War take place? A. 371 BCE B. 1776 C. 1200 D. 431 BCE Quiz

    16. Incorrect Try Again Hint: An Early War

    17. Correct

    18. Athens Finished Continue to Next Section

    19. Sparta was a great city-state in Ancient Greece. A militaristic society that tried to build the strongest military in the world by casting out the weak from their society. They worshiped the God Ares, the god of war and their greatest honor was to die in battle. Spartans were unequaled when it came to a land fighting force during the time period. One of the most famous battles was the battle led by King Leonidas. Sparta

    20. He led a small number of 300 Spartans against the Persian armies but was one of the first to die. The Spartans fought hard but died in the end. It let the rest of the world know however that the Persians were not invincible. The Spartans society allowed women to have more rights for the age by taking place in politics and owning property. Their society soon lowered their population and their citizenship was diminished. Sparta never fully recovered Sparta

    21. This is a quick review over the section you just read. Answer the following questions. Quiz

    22. 1. Who were given more rights than the average during the time period? A. Slaves B. Women C. Jews D. Barbarians Quiz

    23. Incorrect Try Again Hint: They help property and were in politics.

    24. Correct

    25. 2. King Leonidas led the Spartans into battle against who? A. Persia B. Athens C. Thebes D. Rhodes Quiz

    26. Incorrect Try Again Hint: 300 Spartans

    27. Correct

    28. 3. The god of war that was worshiped by the Spartans. A. Athena B. Zeus C. Ares D. Hercules Quiz

    29. Incorrect Try Again Hint: The God of War

    30. Correct

    31. Sparta Finished Continue to Next Section

    32. Delphi is a Greek city-state that sits at the bottom of Mt. Parnassus. It played an important part in Greek mythology as home of the nymphs. Delphi was the home of the Oracle, who was said to be the direct line to the Gods. The Oracle would communicate with the Gods to find out what they would want and many citizens traveled to Delphi to speak to the Oracle. Delphi

    33. The city was known as being sacred to the god Apollo. Apollo is the god of light and the sun. The city was named after the story of how Apollo founded the city. It is said that he came to Delphi in the shape of a dolphin. Delphi also has the Pythian Games which led to the creation of the Olympic Games. Delphi was a major site for poetry and the arts. The entire city is known for its myths. Delphi soon became one of the best archeological sites. Delphi

    34. This is a quick review over the section you just read. Answer the following questions. Quiz

    35. 1. Which mountain is Delphi located near? A. Mt. Parnassus B. Mt. Everest C. Mt. Olympus D. Mt. Saint Helens Quiz

    36. Incorrect Try Again Hint: Home of the Nymphs

    37. Correct

    38. 2. He is the god of light and the sun. A. Helios B. Hera C. Hermes D. Apollo Quiz

    39. Incorrect Try Again Hint: Founder of Delphi

    40. Correct

    41. 3. The Oracle would communicate with who? A. The Gods B. The Muses C. The Titans D. The Oracles Quiz

    42. Incorrect Try Again Hint: Olympians

    43. Correct

    44. City-States Finished Back to Main Menu

    45. The Titans are said to be the children of Gaia (mother of the earth) and Uranus (father of the heavens). They ruled during the Golden Age. There were 12 original children which included Cronos and Rhea. During the classical period of Ancient Greece, there were several poems that spoke of a great war between the Titans and the Olympians. The war lasted 10 years and took place in the valley of Thessaly. The battles took place before the existence of man ever came. The Olympians led by Zeus, the son of Cronos, were able to defeat the Titans. The Titans

    46. It is compared to the prior events before the war between the Titans and the Gods. Cronos overthrew his father, Uranus, to rule the Titans. Legend has it that Cronos feared that one of his children would overthrow him like he did his father. So he ate all of them when they were born. Zeus was hidden by Gaia and his mother Rhea and overthrew his father to free his brothers Poseidon and Hades. After Zeus overthrew his father, he sentenced Cronos to be exiled to Tartarus. The Titans

    47. This is a quick review over the section you just read. Answer the following questions. Quiz

    48. 1. She was the mother of the earth. A. Gaia B. Rhea C. Zeus D. Hera Quiz

    49. Incorrect Try Again Hint: She helped hide Zeus

    50. Correct