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Understanding Urban Deprivation: a northern perspective using case studies from East and South London MeeraTiwari & Susannah Pickering-Saqqa, University of East London email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org DSA 3 Nov 2012
Aim To map and disseminate good practice in overcoming deprivations in urban communities of London and Mumbai. • This presentation is part of the bigger study • An overview of the London component DSA 3 Nov 2012
The literature • Deprivation within literature in Capability Approach • Lack of entitlements • Entitlements: Can be economic or non-economic, physical or non-physical • ‘Lack the opportunity to be adequately nourished, decently clothed, minimally educated, or properly sheltered’ (Sen, 1979) Note: the opportunities here are context specific – Sen’s unrestrictive list of capabilities • Poverty as capability deprivation • Income poverty • Capability poverty DSA 3 Nov 2012
3 London Case study sites Sampling strategy • Levels of deprivation in Boroughs (DCLG English Indices of Deprivation 2010). • Varied constituencies • Evidence of interventions with positive outcomes • Access – key challenge in northern context DSA 3 Nov 2012
Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) Domains of deprivation • Income • Employment • Health • Education & skills • Housing • Crime • Environment DSA 3 Nov 2012
ATD Fourth World • Lewisham ID 16thmost deprived borough in London, 31st in England; high ranking on employment & crime (DCLG 2011) • Works with predominantly white English families. Self-defines as a “human rights based, anti-poverty organisation” • OGB-funded SLA work on Voices for a Change • Access via team member research DSA 3 Nov 2012
2. London Citizens • Hackney 1stmost deprived borough in London, 2nd in England or Newham 6th in England, 2nd in London (DCLG 2011) • Uses community organising to “transform communities and build local power”. Office cleaners from Latin America. • Living Wage campaign in Canary Wharf/Olympic Park/UEL? • UEL LSS Membership of TELCO. DSA 3 Nov 2012
3. Osmani Trust • Tower Hamlets 3rd most deprived borough in London, 7th in England; worst in London on income and housing measures(DCLG 2011) • Roots in anti-racism work of 1970s. Now working on “substance misuse, racial tensions…territoriality and gang-related violence”. 30% TH population from Bangladeshi community (LBTH 2011) • London Councils-funded Pathways to Citizenship • Access via project manager DSA 3 Nov 2012
Methodology – initial framework Source: Based on Tiwari and Ibrahim, 2012 DSA 3 Nov 2012
Way forward Workshop 1 outcome: • Decision to consult with case study organisations on their understandings of “deprivation”. Next steps: • Scoping visits and interviews with key decision-makers in case study organisations to understand: • Deprivations they address; strategies used to address them; expected outcomes. • Constituencies – snowball sampling – risk attached. • Revise conceptual framework • Field Work – data collected via semi-structured interviews with field level activists & “beneficiaries”. DSA 3 Nov 2012
Questions Conceptual • Will the contextual understandings of “deprivation” in both London & Mumbai allow for meaningful comparative analysis? Methodological • How will access issues determine choice of Borough focus for LC case study and limit validity of data (OT)? DSA 3 Nov 2012
Key references • The Capability Approach Literature • Joseph Rowntree Foundation: • Ethnic minorities and urban deprivation, 1998 • Ethnic minorities in the inner city, Dorsett, 1998 • Immigration and Social Cohesion in the UK, 2008 • Immigration, Social Cohesion and Social Capital, 2008 • Ostrom, E., 2011; 2008 • Stiglitz, Sen, and Fitoussi, 2009 • Social Cohesion: • Perspectives on global development 2012, Social Cohesion in a shifting world, OECD • Social cohesion, institutions, and growth, Easterly, Ritzen, and Woolcock, 2006 • Townsend P (1987). “Deprivation”, in Journal of Social Policy 16, 125–146. • DCLG (2011) Indices of Deprivation 2010 Thank you DSA 3 Nov 2012