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by: Clarissa Gomez, Cynthia Rodriguez, Kimberly Tice, Patricia Cobos. Thomas Malthus. His Times. Thomas Robert Malthus Handsome, high forehead, short hair, sharp eyes Born Feb. 13, 1766 in Dorking, Surrey (England) Second son of eight children Father-Daniel Malthus . As A Young Man.

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his times
His Times
  • Thomas Robert Malthus
  • Handsome, high forehead, short hair, sharp eyes
  • Born Feb. 13, 1766 in Dorking, Surrey (England)
  • Second son of eight children
  • Father-Daniel Malthus
as a young man
As A Young Man
  • Enjoyed chess
  • Attended Warrington Academy and in 1784 entered Jesus College
  • Tutored by Richard Graves, Gilbert Wakefield, & William Frend
  • Graduated with honors in mathematics
as grown man
As Grown Man
  • 1803 married his cousin, Harriet Eckersall & had three children
  • 1805 was appointed professor of history & political economy in East India College
  • Represented the first professorship in political economy established in Britain
participation in organizations
Participation in Organizations
  • 1821 became a member of the Political Economy Club
  • 1824 was elected one of ten royal associates of the Royal Academy of Literature
  • 1834 was the first member in the Statistical Society
  • Member of the French Institute & Royal Academy in Berlin
his major works
His Major Works
  • The Crisis
  • Essay on the Principle of Population
  • Investigation of the Cause of the Present High Price of Provisions
  • Second Essay on the Principle of Population
major works cont
Major Works (cont)
  • Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws and of a rise or fall in the price of corn on the agriculture and general wealth of the country
  • An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent, and the principles by which it is regulated
  • The Grounds of an Opinion on the Policy of Restricting the Importation of Foreign Corn
essay on population
Essay on Population
  • An analysis of the nature and causes of poverty
  • A response to the writers who were expressing optimism and faith in the nature of man
  • Controvert the notions of human perfectibility
  • Purpose to explode such notions based on the inevitable scarcity resulting of human population
hypothesis and predications
Hypothesis and Predications
  • Population growth always exceeds the growth of means of subsistence
  • Actual population always has a tendency to push above the food supply
  • Population growth would come to a standstill
  • Postulated war, pestilence, famine, & plague would operate as checks of a swelling population
description of the essay
Description of the Essay
  • Deals with emotional topics such as welfare, infanticide, and faith
  • Society’s ability to produce children outstrip our ability to provide energy for their survival
  • Regards to the future of human societies
  • Argued that once the poor had a taste of luxury, they would demand a higher standard of living before starting a family
description cont
Description (cont.)
  • Argued “perfectibility” of society will always be out of reach
  • States he doesn’t hate the poor, but considers them mentally unfit
  • Doesn’t advocate sexual abstinence as a solution to the population crisis
  • Criticized use of birth control
  • Believed sexuality outside of marriage was evil
the core principles of malthus
The Core Principles of Malthus
  • 1. Food is necessary for human existence
  • 2. Human population tends to grow faster than the power in the earth to produce subsistence
  • 3.Effects of these two unequal powers must be kept equal
  • 4.Population reduction tends to be accomplished through the “positive” checks of famine, disease, poverty, and war
controversial sides of malthus
Controversial Sides of Malthus

Attacks the Poor Laws in Ch. V of the Essay, a decentralized system of poor relief in England

Attacked the Poor Laws by saying they may alleviate short term suffering , but cause greater suffering in the end

Declares the abolition of Poor Laws & for the abolition of the National Health Service in Britain or the Social Security System in the United States

work cited
Work Cited
  • Donald Winch. Malthus. Oxford University Press, New York 1987, pp. 16-38
  • J.Dupaquier. Malthus Past and Present. Academic Press, London 1983, pp. 85-97
  • Thomas Robert Malthus. 1995. Victorian Web. 16 Apr. 2002 <http://65.107.211.206/victorian/economics/malthus.html
  • Peter Landry. Thomas Robert Malthus . April 2001. 17. Apr. 2002 <http://cepa.newschool.edu/net/profiles/malthus.htm
  • Ronald Bleier. The International Society of Malthus . 17 Apr. 2002 < http://www.igc.apc.org/desip/malthus/background.html >