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Chapter 4 homework. Questions 6, 8, and 16. Managerial Economics & Business Strategy. Chapter 4 The Theory of Individual Behavior. Normal Good. Income effect (+) Substitution effect (+) Total effect (+) How Draw??. Clothing. A. C. B. Substitution Effect. Food. Income Effect.

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chapter 4 homework

Chapter 4 homework

Questions 6, 8, and 16

managerial economics business strategy

Managerial Economics & Business Strategy

Chapter 4

The Theory of Individual Behavior

normal good
Normal Good
  • Income effect (+)
  • Substitution effect (+)
  • Total effect (+)
  • How Draw??
slide4

Clothing

A

C

B

Substitution Effect

Food

Income Effect

Total Effect

inferior good
Inferior Good
  • Negative Income effect
  • Substitution effect will always be the same direction no matter what the type of good
    • A decline in the price will lead to more of that good consumed
  • How draw??
slide6

Clothing

B

A

C

Substitution Effect

Food

Income Effect

Total Effect

can we do it number 17
Can we do it?? (number 17)
  • A common marketing tactic among many liquor stores is to offer their clientele quantity (or volume) discounts. For instance, the second-leading brand of wine exported from Chile sells in the US for $8 per bottle if the consumer purchases up to eight bottles. The price of each additional bottle is only $4. If a consumer has $100 to divide between purchasing this brand of wine and other goods, graphically illustrate how this marketing tactic affects the consumer’s budget line if the price of the other good is $1. Will a consumer ever purchase exactly eight bottles of wine? Explain.
is this useful

Y

II

I

X

$

D

X

Is this useful??
  • An individual’s demand curve is derived from each new equilibrium point found on the indifference curve as the price of good X is varied.

P0

P1

X0

X1

market demand
Market Demand
  • The market demand curve is the horizontal summation of individual demand curves.
  • It indicates the total quantity all consumers would purchase at each price point.

$

Individual Demand Curves

$

Market Demand Curve

50

40

D1

D2

DM

Q

1 2 3

1 2

Q

why do firms use buy one get one free
Why do firms use buy one get one free??
  • “Buy one pizza at full price and get a second pizza free”
    • Budget line changes after purchase of one pizza
      • Flat (zero slope) for SECOND PIZZA only
      • Then falls normally
    • Allows you to reach a higher indifference curve
      • Consumer better off
    • Is the firm better off??
      • Consumers “like” the firm for doing this  repeat business
      • Consumer may buy more pizzas
a classic marketing application

Other goods (Y)

A

A buy-one, get-one free pizza deal.

C

E

D

II

I

0.5

1

2

0

B

F

Pizza (X)

A Classic Marketing Application
do you want a gift or cash for your birthday
Do you want a gift or cash for your birthday??
  • Cash moves you to a higher indifference curve
    • Expands your possible consumption bundle
    • With cash you can purchase anything from anywhere