BORDERS. Anyone recognize this country?. Borders Borders form for any number of reasons. Most often, borders were originally inspired by rivers, lakes, seas, oceans, mountains, or some other landform.
Anyone recognize this country?
This can also seem complicated, but you can use your head most of the time. What does it look like caused the border?
What is up with the border between Canada and the US here. Why does it curve?
Let’s start in Texas. What is up with the wiggly lines on the northern border?
Michigan and the Great Lakes
David Shankbone. Creative Commons 3.0, Date Unknown
The Pyrenees Mountains form a natural border between Spain and France.
China and Mongolia are separated by the Gobi Desert.
Eric Gaba. Creative Commons 3.0, Date Unknown.
Border influenced by a sea
Border influenced by a lake
Border influenced by a mountain
Border influenced by a desert
How about now? Any ideas?
Louisiana Purchase in 1803 from France
This became Part of the U.S. in 1783 with the Treaty of Paris
Mexican Cession - 1848
Annexation of Texas -1845
From the Adams-Onís Treaty in 1819
Ok, but do you remember how to label it?
Changing of Control
Before Europeans Came
1786 - 1821
Lack of Natural Borders
As you watch this, notice that the whole country disappears at times.
So, what happens to the people and the culture? Do they disappear too?
So if the culture is still there, what has really changed?
What types of cultural problems can occur when the borders of a country are changed by force? Do these problems usually get better or worse over time?
Colonization and Conquest
Listen closely to your teacher’s explanation of this map. Then see if you can explain this famous historical quote:
“The sun never sets on the British Empire.”
Quick Review: Tell me about the culture up here!
Think about these borders. Did the Africans draw these?
Why might that be a problem?
As the world powers of the past pursued colonization, many of them ran into problems. In some cases, they ran into other countries that wanted the land. In other instances, they might have lost it due to a revolution.
This is still British
They won all of Canada too!
Part of “New France” the French colony
13 Colonies of the British
USA after the American Revolution
Even though the borders of Greece eventually returned, Alexander the Great’s conquest had an impact on the areas he conquered. Think about what you have learned about culture and spatial diffusion. What impact do you think that would be?
The Romans eventually drifted out of power as their government weakened. Why would they have weakened? Think about the time period, communications, etc.
All of the blue states on this map were either part of France, controlled by France or promised to fight with France under the rule of Napoleon.
Napoleon’s attempts to control Europe actually led to a big change in the border of a country across the world. Do you know what it was? (Hint: It happened in 1803)
Kieran4. Creative Commons 3.0, February 2009.
What do you think would cause these borders to change in the future?
Map Believed to be Public Domain
Technically, North Korea and South Korea are still at war. though the fighting officially ended with a truce in 1953 and they created a “demilitarized zone” between the borders.
North Korea maintains a communist, government-controlled economy. South Korea has a mostly free enterprise system. Which do you think is stronger and why?
Do you think this was a good idea or bad idea?
Roke Creative Commons 3.0, June 2006.
Kokiri, Creative Commons 3.0, June 2006.
So let’s review the physical and human processes that lead to boundaries and other political divisions. Make sure you understand these and you can give an example. If you don’t get it you better ask now. It is a must!!!
Lack of Natural Borders
Disputes over Borders
Can you think of a way of setting borders that kind of applies to both? (Hint: It was set up by humans, but it is a real physical thing)