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Dairy Diet Trends

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Dairy Diet Trends

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  1. Dairy Diet Trends

  2. Who’s Meeting the Calcium A.I.? Source: USDA Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, 1994-1996.

  3. Percent of Americans Meeting Calcium Recommendations

  4. Children and Teens 2 servings dairy per day Children and adolescents don’t meet the recommended 3 servings of dairy each day 2.1 2.05 3 3Dairy Intake among U.S. Population, NHANES, 1999-2002

  5. Teenage Girls Who Drink Milk Have More Nutrient-Dense Diets • Milk drinkers consumed 80% more calcium, 59% more vitamin B-12, 56% more riboflavin, and 38% more folate than girls who didn’t drink milk. Fleming & Heimbach, J Nutr, 1994 • Non-milk drinkers had inadequate intakes of calcium, vitamin A, phosphorus, magnesium and folate Bowman, J Amer Diet Assoc, 2002

  6. Association Between Noon Beverage Consumption and the Diet Quality of School-Age ChildrenRachel Johnson, et al., J. Child Nutr. & Mgmt, vol.. 20, 1998 Diet Quality Whole Milk Low Fat No Fat Soda Juice Tea Fruit Measure n=1261 n=945 n=91 n=1036 n=315 n=225 n=631 Relationship between noon beverage consumed and quality of meal Kcal 677 564 449 640 575 617 626 Ca (%RDA) 50 48 44 18 19 18 20 Relationship between noon beverage consumed and quality of diet for day Kcal 1923 1837 1677 1839 1773 1751 1887 Ca(%RDA) 115 121 111 82 84 75 83 Results represent estimated mean values

  7. 2005 Dietary Guidelines

  8. MyPyramid: Dairy products • Consume 3 cups per day of fat-free or low-fat milk or equivalent milk products • Children ages 2 to 8: 2 cups per day • Children ages 9 & up: 3 cups per day • Equivalents: • 8 oz. milk • 1 cup yogurt • 1½ oz. natural cheese • 2 oz. processed cheese

  9. CALCIUM REPORT Strong Foundation for 3 Servings of Dairy a Day

  10. Children and Teens Are Not Meeting Calcium Needs 7 out of 10 boys and 9 out of 10 girls don’t get the calcium they need.* *USDA, CSFII 1994-96 (data for males and females ages 12-19 years old). *IOM Dietary Reference Intakes, 1997

  11. Optimizing Bone Health for Children and Adolescents

  12. Pediatricians Call for Calcium Check-up Assess Calcium Intake

  13. Pediatricians Call for Calcium Check-up • Recommend 3 servings of dairy a day (4 for adolescents) • Model healthy habits • Be active • Choose dairy first for lactose intolerance

  14. Parent Role Modeling Role Modeling is Key • Children drink more milk when their parents drink milk. • Role modeling is effective for African- American girls.  Moms Need Calcium Too • Women consume on average less than 1.5 servings of dairy foods a day. • Only 15 percent of moms and young women (age 31-50) meet current calcium recommendations. Adequate calcium intake by all members of the family is important.

  15. Dietary Recommendations

  16. Calcium requirements vary by age Growthspurt Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

  17. 3 Cups (8 oz) • MyPyramid Equivalents: • 8 oz. milk • 1 cup yogurt • 1-1/2 oz. natural cheese • 2 oz. processed cheese * Fat-free and low-fat are for health but not for calcium differences

  18. Reading Calcium % on Nutrition Labels • “Percent Daily Value” (% DV) • 100% DV for calcium = 1,000 mg

  19. Example of “Daily Value” 20% DV for calcium (200 mg ÷ 1,000 mg = 20%)

  20. % DV Calcium: Dairy group • Yogurt1 cup (8 oz.) = 30% DV • Milk1 cup = 30% DV • Cheese1 ½ oz. natural/2 oz. processed = 30% DV • Milk pudding1/2 cup = 15% DV • Frozen yogurt, vanilla, soft serve½ cup = 10% DV • Ice cream, vanilla½cup = 8% DV Choose fat-free or low fat most often