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Our Solar System - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Our Solar System. Terrestrial vs. Gaseous planets. The terrestrial planets include: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars The gas planets include: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune Pluto is neither ; it is mostly ice. Mercury. First planet from the sun Distance from sun: 3.2 light minutes

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terrestrial vs gaseous planets
Terrestrial vs. Gaseous planets
  • The terrestrial planets include: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
  • The gas planets include: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
  • Pluto is neither ; it is mostly ice
mercury
Mercury
  • First planet from the sun
  • Distance from sun: 3.2 light minutes
  • Period of rotation: 58 days,16 hours
  • Period of revolution: 88 days
  • Diameter: 4,897 km
  • Terrestrial planet
  • Temperature: -173-427 degrees c
  • Surface gravity: 38% of Earths
  • Special features: The opposite sides of the planet are opposite temp.
  • No moons are here
  • Mercury has no rings
  • There is no water on Mercury
venus
Venus
  • Second planet from the sun
  • Distance from the sun: 6 light minutes
  • Period of rotation: 243 days
  • Period of revolution: 224 days, 17 hours
  • Diameter: 12,104 km
  • Surface temp. : 464 degrees c
  • Surface gravity: 91% of Earths
  • Venus is terrestrial
  • Special features: The hottest planet is Venus; the greenhouse effect keeps the heat in
  • This planet has no moons
  • Venus has no rings
  • There is no water on Venus
earth
Earth
  • The planet we live on
  • Third planet from the sun
  • 8.3 light minutes from the sun
  • Rotation : 24 hours
  • Revolution : 365.25 days
  • Size (diameter) : 12,726 km
  • No rings are present
  • Earth has both frozen and liquid water
  • Special features: The only planet sustaining life
  • There is one moon : Luna
  • Earth is Terrestrial
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Mars
  • Fourth planet from the sun
  • Mars is known as the red planet
  • Special features: Many waterless canyons encircle the surface
  • Distance from the sun : 227.9 km
  • Rotation : 24.6 hours
  • Revolution: 687 days
  • Size (diameter) : 6790 km
  • This planet has no rings
  • Water is/is not present : Yes, Frozen water on the ice caps
  • Mars is a terrestrial planet
  • Moons: 2 Phoebos and Deimos
jupiter
Jupiter
  • Distance from the sun: 815,700,000 km
  • Moons : 63
  • Rotation: 9 hours 56 minutes
  • Revolution: 11 years, 313 days
  • Size (diameter) : 142,984 km
  • Temp.: -153 degrees c
  • Rings: 16
  • Water: none present
  • Special features: The great red spot, a swirling storm circling the planet
  • Fifth planet from the sun
  • Jupiter is a gas giant
  • No water is here
saturn
Saturn
  • Sixth planet from the sun
  • Moons: 33
  • Special features: many countless rings
  • Distance from the sun: 1.3 light hours
  • Rotation: 10 hours, 39 minutes
  • Revolution: 29 years, 155 days
  • Size(diameter) : 120,526 km
  • Temp: -185 degrees c
  • Rings: thousands
  • No water is on this planet
  • Saturn is a gas giant
uranus
Uranus
  • Seventh planet from the sun
  • Special features: It rotates on its side
  • Moons: 27
  • Distance from the sun: 2.7 light hours
  • Rotation: 17 hours, 14 minutes
  • Revolution: 83 years, 274 days
  • Size(diameter) : 51118 km
  • Temp: -357 degrees F
  • Rings: 11
  • No water is found on this planet
  • This planet is made of gas
neptune
Neptune
  • Eighth planet from the sun
  • Special features: The Great Blue Spot ; another storm
  • Moons: 13
  • Distance from the sun : 4.2 light hours
  • Rotation: 16 hours, 17minutes
  • Revolution: 163 years, 265 days
  • Size(diameter) : 49,528 km
  • Temp. : -225 degrees F
  • Rings:4
  • No water on this planet
  • This planet is a gas planet
pluto
Pluto
  • Last planet from the sun
  • Special features: It is mostly made of ice and is now no longer considered a planet
  • Pluto is neither a gas nor a terrestrial planet
  • It rotates around its moon ; Charon
  • Moons: 1
  • Distance from the sun: 5.5 light hours
  • Rotation: 6 days, 9 hours
  • Revolution: 248 years
  • Size(diameter): 2,390 km
  • Temp: -236 degrees C
  • No rings are found on this barren wasteland
  • Frozen water can be found on this planet
comets
Comets
  • Comets are chunks of ice and rock speeding through the solar system. They revolve around the sun until the heat of the sun melts them to nothing. They are describable by the dust and ion tails flaming out of the end of comets like fire. The dust tail is of the tail. the center and main part of the tail. The ion tail is the outer part of the structure. The ion tail only changes.
asteroids
Asteroids
  • Asteroids are chunks of rock that orbit the sun. Most exist in the asteroid belt and they have an irregular shape. Their colors are mostly reddish brown to black. When they are closer to the sun, they have dark surfaces meaning they are rich in carbon.
meteoroids
Meteoroids
  • A meteoroid is a chunk of rock orbiting the sun. It is much smaller than a asteroid. Mainly the meteoroids come from an asteroid. Usually when it enters the atmosphere, it burns up quickly.
meteorites
Meteorites
  • A meteorite is a chunk of rock and metal that burns through the atmosphere and crashes on a planetary figure. It may create a crater in the process.
meteors
Meteors
  • A meteor is the chunk of rock that you see burning up in the atmosphere when you see a shooting star. It usually burns up before it reaches Earth.
rotation and revolution
Rotation and Revolution
  • Rotation is the time it takes for figure in space to spin on it’s axis one time.
  • Revolution is the time it takes for an item in space to move around another object in space.
solar and lunar eclipse
Solar and Lunar Eclipse
  • A solar eclipse is when the moon blocks out the sun. It appears as if the sun has disappeared . This appears as a dark spot on Earth.
  • A lunar eclipse is when the Earth is perfectly aligned between the sun and the moon so that the moon is not visible.
phases of the moon
Phases of the Moon
  • Waxing is when the moon appears to be getting larger.
  • Waning is when the moon appears to be getting smaller.