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ENSURING AN EQUITABLE DEAL FOR AFRICA AT COP17. Lindiwe Majele Sibanda (PhD) CEO, FANRPAN. “National Climate Change Conference for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries”, Government of the Republic of South Africa, Pretoria 12 August 2011. Outline. About FANRPAN What we have Achieved:

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Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17


Lindiwe Majele Sibanda (PhD)


“National Climate Change Conference for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries”, Government of the Republic of South Africa, Pretoria

12 August 2011


  • About FANRPAN

  • What we have Achieved:

    • Poznan 2008

    • Copenhagen 2009

    • Cancun 2010

    • Towards Durban 2011

What is needed for africa to be successful at cop17 in durban
What is needed for Africa to be Successful at COP17 in Durban?

A Durban deal without a

dedicated track for agriculture is “NO Deal”

Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17

FANRPAN - From Local to Global Durban?

  • To promote effective Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) policies by

  • Facilitating linkages and partnerships between governments and civil society

  • Building the capacity for policy analysis and policy dialogue in Africa and

  • Supporting demand driven policy research and analysis

Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17

Food Systems Durban?

Agricultural Productivity and Markets

Natural Resources and Environment

Social Protection & Livelihoods

FANRPAN’s Thematic Thrusts

Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building

Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17

REGIONAL - FANRPAN Board of Governors Durban?

National Depart of Agriculture, South Africa

Former PS

Ministry of Agriculture, Zambia

Ministry of Agriculture Zimbabwe

PS Ministry of Agriculture, Swaziland

COMESA Secretary-General


Professor University of Pretoria


Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17

FANRPAN Food Security Policy Leadership Awards Durban?

REGIONAL - Recognizing African Success




Hon. Abraham Ivambo, Minister of Education – Namibia

On behalf of President Hifikepunye Pohamba

H. E. Dr. Bingu wa Mutharika

President – Republic of Malawi

H.E. L. DIEGO, Prime Minister – Mozambique

On behalf of President Emilio Guebuza


Who produces food
Who Produces Food? Durban?

  • Over 75% of the African population lives in RURAL areas

  • 80 % of farmers in Africa are smallholder farmers

    • rely on rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods

    • Women constitute 70% of the labour force

  • Produce 80 % of the food that is consumed by Africans

    • on farms that are less than 2 hectares

Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17

● Land Owned - 1 ha Durban?● Main Crops - Staples● Yields - Maize 100kg/ha● Fertilizer used - 20% of recommended● Agricultural implements owned - hand hoe

FACE of an African Small-scale Farmer

Ensuring an equitable deal for africa at cop17

Small-scale Farmers’ Policy Environment Durban?

  • Poor representation of smallholder farmers in policy processes

  • Dominance of the “elite”(gov. academics) in policy making process

  • Stakeholder consultative processes not promoted

    • Perceived as costly

    • Tend to favour safe audiences (donors, academics)

    • Consultations usually conducted during the formulation stage and not at implementation stages

  • Very good policies on paper, poor implementation and little review

  • Poor in-depth research supporting policy processes in the region (academic vs. anecdotal)

  • Traditional knowledge ignored at the expense of external advice

  • Linking local to global model

    Global Level Data Durban?

    Global Knowledge

    Linking Local to Global Model

    Scaling Down

    National Policy Level

    Policy Development

    Policy Dialogue

    Agri. Production Databases

    Research Level

    GIS Mapping

    OF assets

    Climate Data

    Scaling Up

    Natural, Physical, Financial, Human and Social

    HOUSEHOLD Livelihood Assets

    Community Livelihood Databases

    Fanrpan policy and advocacy
    FANRPAN Policy and Advocacy Durban?

    • High-level Policy Engagements

      • Interviews with Heads of State

      • Interviews with CNBC, BBC, Voice of America

    • Communities participate in global engagements

      • Linking local CBOs-International NGOs

      • Building community confidence to value their

    • Climate Change Research and Policy Practice

      • Home grown research and data – HVI

      • Review of NAPAs and NAMAs, CAADP

    • UNFCCC Engagements

      • “no agriculture, no deal”

      • ARDD

      • ACCID newsletters

    • Policy advocacy tools

      • Newsletters

      • policy briefs

      • FANRPAN Website

    • Ministerial briefings

      • AU

      • COMESA

      • SADC

    • Smart Partnerships

      • MOUS with gov, private and development partners

    Towards poznan cop14
    Towards Poznan: CoP14 Durban?

    • COMESA developed the Africa Climate Solution embracing AFOLU (Agriculture, Forestry and other Land Uses)

    • FANRPAN developed a complementary Initiative to ensure that African civil society and governments collaborate and speak with one voice in 14 and CoP 15 global platforms.

    • ACCID - AFRICA-WIDE Civil Society Initiative in Policy Dialogues launched by FANRPAN

    • Three Regional Economic Communities (COMESA, ECA and SADC) endorsed AFOLU.

    • AFOLU launched at AU Summit in Libya and AMCEN in Nairobi

    About accid
    About ACCID Durban?

    • Mobilise space for civil society to speak with one voice in ensuring that the successor to the Kyoto Protocol values the contribution of sustainable agriculture and forestry activities to climate change mitigation and adaptation.

    • Link adaptation and mitigation agenda to on-going negotiations leading to COP 15.

    • Equip CSOs with research-based evidence (scientific and anecdotal) to promote national, regional and global pro-poor policy and practice in the mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

    • Ensure that financial instruments benefit the poor and help Africa towards the attainment of the MDGs.

    CoP14 Durban?

    • Launched the REDD- Agriculture, Forestry and Sustainable Land Use [AFOLU] Bio-Carbon Coalition under the Africa Climate Solution in Poznan, Poland.

    • Lobbied the international community, governments and Climate Change negotiators to endorse REDD and AFOLU in the main text to be adopted for the COP 15 in Copenhagen in November 2009.

    • Initiative endorsed by high level delegates including ministers from Bolivia, Grenada, South Africa, Zambia, Lesotho and Swaziland who highlighted the importance of supporting initiatives that are African owned such as AFOLU and that have been developed within the African context.

    • Raised awareness on the central role of Africa’s forest and agricultural activities in climate change mitigation and adaptation through media coverage and lobbying.

    Mobilising the global community to support africa s position
    Mobilising the Global Community to support Africa’s Position


    Towards copenhagen cop15
    Towards Copenhagen: CoP15 Position

    • Training of African journalists from FANRPAN member countries

    • Launched Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD), 300 delegates attended the side meeting

    • Joint meeting for Agriculture and Forest Day for combined statement

    • Panel sessions at UNCSD Inter-governmental preparatory meetings – Africa, Namibia, Ethiopia, New York

    • Launch of the “No Agriculture No Deal” campaign

    Towards cancun cop16
    Towards Cancun: CoP16 Position

    • Partnership with African Development Bank for Africa green fund

    • Training of African journalists from FANRPAN member countries

    • Agriculture and Rural Development Day (ARDD) Statement read by FANRPAN and received by UNFCCC Secretariat

    • Joint African panel session:

      • African Union Commissioner; FANRPAN; ADB and UNECA

    • Africa position and common vision:

      • UNECA, FANRPAN and African Union, Addis Ababa

    Cancun cop16
    Cancun: CoP16 Position

    Towards durban cop17
    Towards Durban: CoP17 Position

    • Addressed the South African Parliamentarians, March 2011

    • AfricaAdapt Conference – sharing experiences from Local to Global

    • COMESA Ministers of Agriculture – Climate Smart Agriculture, July 2011

    • UNFCCC Bonn Side meeting, June 2011 – Agriculture and Forestry

    • Steering committee for ARDD

    • CGIAR CAFFS Steering committee member

    • Training of African journalists, September 2011

    • Theatre for Policy Advocacy road show, September & November 2011

    Agriculture and rural development day ardd 2011
    Agriculture and Rural Development Day – ARDD 2011 Position

    • Venue for ARDD 2011 - Durban University of Technology (DUT)

    • ARDD side event at CoP 17, 3 December 2011

    • FANRPAN and DAFF represented in the ARDD Steering Committee and the Communication Committees

    CoP17 Position