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ABORTION. The Ethical Controversy of the Twenty First Century. Abortion. Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy It is a very safe procedure when performed by a professional The earlier an abortion is performed, the fewer the risks In 2005, 96 815 induced abortions were recorded in Canada

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The Ethical Controversy of the Twenty First Century

  • Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy
  • It is a very safe procedure when performed by a professional
  • The earlier an abortion is performed, the fewer the risks
  • In 2005, 96 815 induced abortions were recorded in Canada
  • Generally, there has been a decrease in induced abortions over the past five years
types of abortion
Types of Abortion
  • Spontaneous Abortion
        • Also known as a miscarriage
        • 25% of pregnancies end in a miscarriage
  • Medical Abortion
        • Uses two type of medication to end pregnancy
        • One pill stops progesterone while the other empties uterus
  • Surgical Abortion
        • Removal of the contents in the uterus
  • Late Term Abortion
        • Medication causes uterus to contract and expel fetus
        • Partial Birth: Fetus is pulled out by the feet and abortionist collapses the skull to remove from uterus


technological advancement
Technological Advancement
  • Technology allows fetuses and embryos to be screened for genetic abnormalities
  • Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
        • Using fluid that surrounds the uterus or a sample of the placenta
        • Can check for genetic abnormalities in the fetus and in some countries, offered the choice of an abortion for severe abnormalities
  • Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
        • Screens embryos for abnormalities before being re-implanted into the uterus
        • Allows parents to choose or ‘design’ their future children
pro life vs pro choice
Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice



Against abortion

Aims to stop abortion altogether

Unwanted pregnancies should go to adoption

Unborn child should have equal rights

For abortion

Aims to reduce number of abortions needed through more contraception use

Cannot take away woman’s right to choose

human rights
Human Rights



Human life begins at conception and should have human rights

Unborn child should have full legal rights to protect it

Human life begins when the child is born

Government laws interfering with women’s rights to their own body violates privacy rights


genetic screening
Genetic Screening



A ‘defective’ fetus deserves just as much right to live

Discriminates against those who are disabled

Allows for healthier children

Less complications with a healthier child


partial birth abortion
Partial Birth Abortion



Like any other type of abortion, it is immoral

Risks increase with a late term pregnancy

Fetus is conscious during this stage and can feel pain

Stage of fetus should not matter

Woman’s health could be endangered if partial birth abortion does not take place


future of abortions
Future of Abortions
  • As technology increases, the easier and safer abortions will be
  • This will lead to more arguments over the topic of abortion
  • The controversy of abortions will continue and a common ground will not be reached between those who are Pro-Life and those who are Pro-Choice

Arthur, J. (2000, August 24). The Pro-Choice Action Network. Retrieved November 14, 2008, from http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/articles/realchoice.shtml

Cavanagh, D. (2001). Abortion. In Encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 1, pp. 43-45). Connecticut: Grolier Incorporated.

Ending Your Pregnancy. (2006, July). Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/articles/846.printerview.html

Induced Abortion. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp043.cfm

Induced Abortion Statistics. (2008, May 21). Retrieved November 23, 2008, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/bsolc/olc-cel/olc-cel?lang=eng&catno=82-223-X

Lassieur, A. (2001). Abortion. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc.

Mifeprex (mifepristone) Information. (2007, August 29). Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://www.fda.gov/cder/drug/infopage/mifepristone/

Pro-Life Answers to Pro-Choice Questions. (n.d.). Retrieved November 16, 2008, from http://righttolifetoronto.org/index.php?id=113

Torr, J. D. (2006). Abortion. New York: Greenhaven Press.

Watkins, C. (2005). The Ethics of Abortion. New York: Greenhaven Press.