Politics in the Gilded Age 1869-1889. Chapter 23. The “Bloody Shirt” Elects Grant. At the end of the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant accepted gifts, houses, and money. Grant owed the election of 1868 to the former slaves who voted. continued.
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* Jim Fisk and Jay Gould plotted with Grant’s brother-in-law to corner the gold market.
* Black Friday – Stock Market crash on September 24, 1869
* involved railroad construction
* profits from the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad went to the roads promoters.
* In an attempt to avoid prosecution for their corrupt dealings, the owners distributed shares of the company’s valuable stock to key congressmen.
* bribing of the Secretary of War by corrupt Indian agents
* robbed the Treasury of millions of dollars in excise-tax revenues.
* New York’s Tammany Hall was a political machine headed by William M. Tweed.
* Through graft and corruption, machines were also vehicles for making money.
*leader – Roscoe Conkling (New York
*supported civil service reform and opposed corruption in government.
*leader – James G. Blaine.
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
John Marshall Harlan
The Railroad Strike of 1877