Street Furniture Street furniture is a collective term for objects and pieces of equipment installed on streets and roads for various purposes, including traffic barrier, benches, bollards, post boxes, phone boxes, streetlamps, street lighting, traffic lights, traffic signs, bus stops, grit bins, tram stops, taxi stands, public lavatories, fountains and memorials, and waste receptacles. An important consideration in the design of street furniture is how it affects road safety.
Components: various styles and finishes according to the requirment of the context • BOLLARDS-to prohibit vehicles within given area, makes pedestrians feel less vulnerable to the passage of traffic in close quarters Steel bollards Cast iron bollards
Stainless steel bollards Composite bollards
Anti ram-raid protection Recycled plastic bollards
Folding bollards Illuminated bollards Telescopic bollards Cast ironDiameter: 220mmHeight: 1000mmRoot depth: 300mmLamp: PL
These railings are used varilably in ares like staircases ,streets,parking lots etc These elements are aesthetic as well as functional,different patterns and shapes may change the whole feel of the component also ,the placment or arrangment changes the function ,size ,materials used.
A street in mussourie Beautiful ornate railings Reflecting the cultural Heritage of the place and Adding to the natural beauty Pedestrian barriers For security reasons ,also create a sense of differentiation or demarkation of ones property . A Shimla railing showing How a railing has been used by A woollen items roadside vendor
Fencing This traditional fencing offers elegance and security whilst allowing freedom for architectural content.
LITTER BINS To be kept in mind –the placement ,the material used for the type of waste used ,the design should be such that it is comfortable in use (for eg. Easy to open lid),number of bins placed (eg. More litter bins are required in a small street wid restaurants and eatouts,lesser required on a highway) Service Areas, Trash Enclosures, Dumpsters, and Me- chanical Equipment shall be visually screened
Advanced products like bomb resistant litter bins have now been introduced using special material for manufacturing Cast iron + special liner Reinforced glass fibre+ special liner Cast iron + special liner
Steel bins wall post bins stainless steel bins Recycling litter bins Plastic bins Used when space is in premium - Optimises space
Correct installation is important Cheap steel bins may not be cost effective in the long term. Here vandals removed the top and will later destroy it Ciggarette bins Chaining a bin to the lamppost is not a good alternative to fixing it to a substantial base. Plastic bins, although a cheaper alternative to cast iron, are not fire resistant. All that remains here is the steel liner. Dog waste bins
PARKING LOTS Plan of a parking lot
Principles used in parking lot design • Parking Lots shall be located to the rear and side of buildings • Parking lots shall have perimeter visual screening • Parking Lots shall be intensively planted and landscaped Parking Lots shall be located to the rear Parking Lots shall be located to the rear Parking Lots shall be located to the rear Parking Lots shall be located to the rear Parking Lots shall be located to the rear and side of buildings and side of buildings and side of buildings and side of buildings and side of buildings
Some principles of street furniture design • All areas must be designed so as to give them a clear spatial • definition for all users using materials and layouts in ways which aid • wayfinding and create a sense of clarity and confidence. • Wherever street furniture is used, free and unobstructed access along • natural desire lines must always be provided. It must be grouped in • clearly understood spatial patterns that reflect the needs of sensory • and cognitively impaired users.
Design criteria • A clear change in level must always be provided between pedestrian and vehicular areas, following the “step down to danger” principle. • A contrasting colour should be used on either the carriageway or • footway surface to distinguish between the two. Alternatively, a • contrasting coloured kerb may be considered. • Tactile paving must always be used at any vehicular crossing point.
Paving materials • All paving on pedestrian routes must be smooth and avoid the use of setts or heavily riven materials. • Joints on any paving units must be close bonded with a maximum gap of 5mm. • Individual units must avoid the use of chamfered or tumbled edges.
Street furniture • The design of any equipment must be sympathetic to disabled pedestrians who may frequently find the need to physically explore objects to identify them or who may inadvertently come into contact with them • Use should be made of poles etc. as a location for more than one item of equipment, for example, litter bins and signs.
• Any bollard should have: 1 a smooth shape, with no angular edges 2 a contrasting, coloured band at least 150mm wide at the top 3 its overall colour must contrast with the surrounding footway 4 it must not be linked to others by chains, rope etc. • Seats should be provided with armrests, backs and spaces alongside them to allow a wheelchair user to sit alongside an ambulant companion.
Any tables, chairs or other displays associated with cafés users, including menus and freestanding advertising boards, must be located wholly within clearly defined areas and away from natural desire lines.
Climate specific furniture • GRIT BINS: In cold countries Grit bins are essentially used • holds a mixture of salt and grit which is spread over roads if they have snow or ice on them. • A grit bin improves winter road safety on roads which are not gritted by other means, such as from a winter service vehicle.
How it works? • The bins are used to spread a thin layer of grit onto the road surface, covering any snow or ice. • The salt component of the grit lowers the melting point of the snow causing it to melt (see sodium chloride). • The grit component improves the friction between a vehicle's tires and the road.
Bathing Fountains: • In hot areas splashing fountains are generally used: • a fountain intended for people to cool off in.
These fountains are designed to allow easy access, and • feature nonslip surfaces, so that people can safely use them to cool off in on hot summer days. • Splash fountains have zero standing water, to eliminate possible drowning hazards, so that no lifeguards or supervision is required. • These splash pads are often located in public pools, public parks, or public playgrounds (known as "spraygrounds")
CASE STUDY 1.Xaverhill town-2004 audit which identified poor street furniture as an aspect of the town centre that detracted from its overall appearance and image. CLUTTER “Unnecessary signage, bollards, railings, yellow lines and even traffic lights clutter the streets and ruin the visual impact of our surroundings In 2004 English Heritage invited the public to undertake their own audit of street clutter as a first step to campaigning for the removal of unwanted items of street furniture.
CO-ORDINATION Lack of co-ordination between items of street furniture can add to a sense of clutter. The same quantity of street furniture can be accommodated without appearing cluttered if it is co-ordinated. Co-ordination implies overall coherence. Items of street furniture in close proximity to each other should appear to be ‘of a family’ in design terms but care must also be take in the siting and arrangement of each element. an awkwardly placed seat is not an attractive place to rest
If street furniture is to enhance the appearance • of the town centre then it is likely that high • quality materials will be required. • The quality of the fabric of the town centre is a highly visible • expression of how a community values the • public realm, and in turn, itself as a community. • Poor quality materials can detract from the • amenity of an area and therefore can be • somewhat pointless. bespoke seating in Bury St Edmunds
A prototype bespoke bollard has been designed and fabricated and installed outside Haverhill Arts Centre co-ordinated design can link diverse elements… bollards to railings to signs
2. Shimla- the mall road The character of street furniture of a hilly tourist area is different from that of Prototype city area .The undulating terrain ,and the gorgeous view of the hill station , Shimla was annexed by the British in 1819 and hence it purely reflects British style in the buildings streetscapes etc .Railings,lamp posts ,and fencings are intricately ornate
The effect of snow cover on the fence and bench Ornamental fence Use by a woollen seller
BENCHES Beautiful benches provided at small intervals on the road in order to hold the large number of tourists
Emphasis has been laid on the provision of maximum sitting area keeping in mind the flood of tourists,and also the slopes on the mall road due to which people get tired and need to sit while strolling down the street
These steps help in connecting different bifurcations of the street at different levels