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MOLLY N.N. LEE, UNESCO BANGKOK, email: Restructuring Higher Education: Public-Private Partnerships. OUTLINE. Restructuring of HE Public-Private Debate Public-Private Partnership Implications on Role of the State. Neoliberal Ideology. Shrinking of the welfare state

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Restructuring Higher Education: Public-Private Partnerships

  • Restructuring of HE
  • Public-Private Debate
  • Public-Private Partnership
  • Implications on Role of the State
neoliberal ideology
Neoliberal Ideology
  • Shrinking of the welfare state
  • Cutbacks in social expenditure
  • Privatization of public services
  • Restructuring higher education
higher education context
Higher Education Context
  • Diversity in Asia-Pacific
  • Face common problems in HE
  • Increasing social demand for HE
  • Budgetary constraints
  • Let the buyer Pay
  • To do more with less
restructuring higher education
Restructuring Higher Education
  • Privatization of higher education
  • Corporatization of public universities
restructuring he
Restructuring HE
  • Liberalization of HE sector
  • Deregulation in traditional PHE systems
  • Regulation in new PHE systems
restructuring he1
Restructuring HE
  • Diversified funding sources
  • Increased institutional autonomy
  • Increased accountability
public private debate
Public-Private Debate

Arguments based on:

  • Efficiency
  • Equity
  • Diversity and Choice
higher education as a public good
Higher Education as a Public Good
  • Definition: non-rival and non-excludable
  • The publicness and privateness of higher education:
    • Mission or purpose
    • Ownership
    • Source of revenue
    • Expenditure control
    • Regulations or control over other aspects
    • Norms of management
higher education as a private commodity
Higher Education as a Private Commodity
  • HE as private investment
  • HE credentials as competition for scarce social position
  • HEIs selling their services
  • HE as an industry
  • HE as a tradeable service
higher education as a market
Higher Education as a Market
  • “education for the market” and “markets for education”.
  • An educated person or an accredited person
  • Vocationalization of the HE curricula
  • Turn students to consumers and educators into service providers
  • “what do I need?” replace “what ought I do?”
  • Shift from production of social knowledge to marketable products.
public private nexus
Public-Private Nexus
  • H.E. is both a public and private good with both public and private interest
public private mix
Public-Private Mix




Public U.


Japanese Private U.




Semipublic U.


Corporatized U.

People founded U.


Private U.

Public Corp. U.


public private partnerships
Public-Private partnerships
  • P-P as a derivative of privatization
  • P-P as management reform
  • P-P as problem conversion
  • P-P as risk shifting
  • P-P as restructuring public services
p p mixes in he
P-P Mixes in HE
  • State govt and private companies (state/provincial universities, deemed universities)
  • Public universities and private companies (affiliated colleges, foreign branch campuses)
  • Public universities and private colleges (franchised progs)
  • Consortia of public univs (OUM, Universitas 21)
  • Non-profit private universities (political parties, people founded univs in Vietnam and China)
p p mixes in he1
P-P Mixes in HE
  • Public subsidies to private institutions (Japan, India)
  • Faculties from public universities teaching in private institutions (Indonesia, Cambodia, Vietnam)
  • Students on govt loans studying in private institutions
  • Outsourcing of student services in public university campuses
  • P-P in research with industry
  • P-P in offering professional services (professors in medical faculties)
expanding role of the state
Expanding Role of the State
  • Provider, regulator, protector
  • Supervisory and steering role