Training and Education. Although they\'re often used synonymously, Posner believes there is a difference between training and education. . Training. Training refers to contexts in which one can predict, with some confidence, the specific situations in which people will use what they learn. For example, chefs are trained to use knives for cutting different foods; hairdressers are trained to cut hair in a particular way; knitters are trained to cast on and execute various stitches..