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Early Man. World History Edited By: Caitlyn Perry and Claire Fox . Key Terms. P rehistory- the period before written history Hominid- name given to human or human-like creatures Anthropology- study of man and culture Paleontology- study of fossils

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Early man

Early Man

World History

Edited By: Caitlyn Perry and Claire Fox


Key terms
Key Terms

  • Prehistory- the period before written history

  • Hominid- name given to human or human-like creatures

  • Anthropology- study of man and culture

  • Paleontology- study of fossils

  • Archaeology- study of artifacts to learn about ancient societies

  • Artifact- any object made by humans


Key terms continued
Key Terms continued

  • Nomad- person who travels (migrates) from place to place

  • Culture- a way of life (language, music, religion, art, ethnicity, dress, food, etc.)


Early hominids
Early Hominids

  • Artifacts had to be used to study the first hominids because there were no cave paintings or written documents.

  • Australopithecus- oldest of the prehumans, oldest one found in Olduvai Gorge in Kenya, Africa, named Lucy.

  • Homo Habilus- person with ability - lived during stone age(stone tools) -about 2.5 million years ago.


Early man

  • Homo Erectus- person who walks upright -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

  • Homo Sapien- person who thinks(Neanderthal Man)

    -lived in modern Europe

    -about 5 ½ feet tall

    -about 100,00 years ago


Early man

  • Homo -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into cavesSapienSapien- modern man

    -about 50,000 years old

    -increased technology

    -developed language

    -first writing in form of cave painting


Ice ages and migration
Ice Ages and Migration -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

  • There have been three major Ice Ages in the World

  • The last was around 11,000 years ago

  • Much of the world freezes over

    • NC would be the same as living in the northern US

    • Animals migrate to warm climate looking for food

    • People follow the animals… this why they are nomadic

    • Man originates in Africa and migrates all over the world (Partially because of the Ice Ages) over thousands of years


Neolithic revolution

Neolithic Revolution -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves


Key terms1
Key Terms -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

  • Civilization- highly organized society with advanced forms of government and economy.

  • Economy- way people use their environment to meet their needs.

  • Artisans- skilled workers of a craft.

  • Myths- traditional stories that explain natural phenomenon.

  • Cultural diffusion- exchange of ideas when cultures come into contact.


Neolithic revolution1
Neolithic Revolution -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

  • Beginning of Agriculture (Agricultural Revolution)

    • People settle down because they can grow food instead of following it

    • Ends migration/begins the first civilizations


Characteristics of early civilizations
Characteristics of Early Civilizations -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

  • Formation of government

    • As people settle, populations grow(no more clans)

    • How do you make rules for larger groups of people to live by?

    • First establishment of kings and government officials

  • Class System- hierarchy of society

    • Top was military, government officials, and priests

    • Middle was artisans and merchants

    • Bottom was peasant workers and slaves

      *many positions become inherited


  • Early man

    • Economy -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

      • Established irrigation systems- most early civilizations located along rivers

      • Specialized labor- many people learned a trade

      • Long distance trade- civilizations used boats, rivers and seas to trade with other civilizations (cultural diffusion)

  • Writing

    • First developed as a form of record keeping

    • Also used to spread history/myths


  • First early civilizations
    First Early Civilizations -also use stone tools and learned to harness fire - fire allowed homo erectus to move into caves

    • Nile River (Egypt)

    • Tigris-Euphrates Rivers (Iraq)

    • Indus River (India)

    • Huang He River (China)