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Verbal Section. There are 4 types of questions: Reading Comprehension (easiest) Antonyms Fill in the blank Analogies (hardest). Strategies for Reading Comprehension Section. It’s not a reading task; it’s a scavenger hunt. Don’t spend too much time reading the passage.

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verbal section
Verbal Section

There are 4 types of questions:

  • Reading Comprehension (easiest)
  • Antonyms
  • Fill in the blank
  • Analogies (hardest)
strategies for reading comprehension section
Strategies for Reading Comprehension Section
  • It’s not a reading task; it’s a scavenger hunt.
  • Don’t spend too much time reading the passage.
  • Go to the questions and then find the answers by skimming the passage.
reading comprehension
Reading Comprehension

GRE Directions:

  • Each passage in this group is followed by questions based on its content. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.

“Cracking the GRE” Directions:

  • This is not really a test of reading, nor is it a test of comprehension. It’s a treasure hunt! The answers are in the passage. You just have to find them.
general strategy
General Strategy
  • For every section, you should plan to use scratch paper.
  • For each problem, jot down the following. You don’t need to copy down the answers, which will be on the computer screen.
      • A
      • B
      • C
      • D
      • E
  • When you eliminate an answer, you can draw a line through the option on your scratch paper.
general strategy1
General Strategy
  • For every section, you should plan to use scratch paper.
  • For each problem, jot down the following. You don’t need to copy down the answers, which will be on the computer screen.
      • A
      • B
      • C
      • D
      • E
  • When you eliminate an answer, you can draw a line through the option on your scratch paper.
general strategy2
General Strategy
  • Be sure to go through the entire list of answers.
  • Do not stop when you think you have found the answer.
  • Any answer that strikes you as “obvious” is likely not the correct answer. These are called “eye-catcher” answers.
strategies for antonym section
Strategies for Antonym Section
  • You are given a word; you must identify the word that is the opposite.
  • Draw a line through any word that is clearly not similar in meaning to the word that you generated.
  • Draw a line through any word that does not have an opposite (e.g., chair, cloth).
  • If you cannot find one best answer, guess among the remaining answers.
example
Example
  • ALLEVIATE
    • Alienate
    • Worsen
    • Revitalize
    • Remove
    • Elevate
example1
Example
  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge
    • strengthen
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
example2
Example
  • DEBILITATE

At first, focus on the word given.

Do not focus on the answers.

using positive negative senses
Using Positive/Negative Senses
  • is useful when you only “sort of” know the given word.
  • DEBILITATE

(sounds negative – so opposite would be positive.)

    • discharge
    • strengthen
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
using positive negative senses1
Using Positive/Negative Senses
  • DEBILITATE

(sounds negative – so opposite would be positive.)

    • discharge sounds negative – can’t be it
    • strengthen
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
using positive negative senses2
Using Positive/Negative Senses
  • DEBILITATE

(sounds negative – so opposite would be positive.)

    • discharge sounds negative – can’t be it
    • strengthen sounds positive – could be it
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
using positive negative senses3
Using Positive/Negative Senses
  • DEBILITATE

(sounds negative – so opposite would be positive.)

    • discharge sounds negative – can’t be it
    • strengthen sounds positive – could be it
    • undermine sounds negative – can’t be it
    • squelch
    • delete
using positive negative senses4
Using Positive/Negative Senses
  • DEBILITATE

(sounds negative – so opposite would be positive.)

    • discharge sounds negative – can’t be it
    • strengthen sounds positive – could be it
    • undermine sounds negative – can’t be it
    • squelch sounds negative – can’t be it
    • delete
using positive negative senses5
Using Positive/Negative Senses
  • DEBILITATE

(sounds negative – so opposite would be positive.)

    • discharge sounds negative – can’t be it
    • strengthen sounds positive – could be it
    • undermine sounds negative – can’t be it
    • squelch sounds negative – can’t be it
    • delete sounds negative – can’t be it
working backwards
Working Backwards

If you don’t know the meaning of the given word, then generate opposite words for the answers and match each one to the given word.

  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge
    • strengthen
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
working backwards1
Working Backwards

If you don’t know the meaning of the given word, then generate opposite words for the answers and match each one to the given word.

  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge absorb?
    • strengthen
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
working backwards2
Working Backwards

If you don’t know the meaning of the given word, then generate opposite words for the answers and match each one to the given word.

  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge absorb?
    • strengthen weaken?
    • undermine
    • squelch
    • delete
working backwards3
Working Backwards

If you don’t know the meaning of the given word, then generate opposite words for the answers and match each one to the given word.

  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge absorb?
    • strengthen weaken?
    • undermine build up?
    • squelch
    • delete
working backwards4
Working Backwards

If you don’t know the meaning of the given word, then generate opposite words for the answers and match each one to the given word.

  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge absorb?
    • strengthen weaken?
    • undermine build up?
    • squelch amplify?
    • delete
working backwards5
Working Backwards

If you don’t know the meaning of the given word, then generate opposite words for the answers and match each one to the given word.

  • DEBILITATE
    • discharge absorb?
    • strengthen weaken?
    • undermine build up?
    • squelch amplify?
    • delete insert?
analogies
Analogies
  • Take the two words that are given and form a sensible sentence.
  • Write the sentence on your scratch paper.
  • Take each answer set and use those words in your sentence.
  • If you go through all answers, try making your starting sentence better – more detailed.
example3
Example

FRICTION: ABRASION

  • sterility: cleanliness
  • dam: flood
  • laceration: wound
  • heat: evaporation
  • literacy: ignorance
example4
Example

FRICTION: ABRASION

At first, focus on the words given.

Do not focus on the answers.

Form your sentence, containing the words

example5
Example

ETERNAL: END

  • precursory: beginning
  • grammatical: sentence
  • implausible: credibility
  • invaluable: worth
  • frenetic: movement
analogy strategy
Analogy Strategy
  • Eliminate word pairs among the answers that have no relationship.
general strategy3
General Strategy
  • Be careful of words that may have secondary meanings

CATHOLIC

  • uncharitable
  • reticent
  • specialized
  • irreverent
  • reckless
example6
Example

REDOUBTABLE

  • unanticipated
  • unambiguous
  • unimposing
  • inescapable
  • immutable
sentence completion
Sentence Completion

A recent poll shows that, while 81 percent of college students are eligible for some form of financial aid, only 63 percent of these students are ____ such aid.

  • complain about
  • recipients of
  • dissatisfied with
  • paying for
  • turned down for
sentence completions
Sentence Completions
  • Cover up answers
  • Generate your own word for blank
  • FIND A CLUE in the passage
  • Use positive/negative connotation of words to guess.
  • Use Process of Elimination
  • If more than one blank, don’t try to do them at the same time; work on one, then work on the other.
getting a clue
Getting a Clue

Museums are good places for students of _____

  • art
  • science
  • religion
  • dichotomy
  • democracy
getting a clue1
Getting a Clue
  • Museums, which house many paintings and sculptures, are good places for students of ____.
  • art
  • science
  • religion
  • dichotomy
  • democracy
getting a clue2
Getting a Clue
  • Museums, which house many elaborate talismans, are good places for students of ____.
  • art
  • science
  • religion
  • dichotomy
  • democracy
getting a clue3
Getting a Clue
  • Museums, because they house not just paintings, but paintings that depict human anatomy with great accuracy, are good places for students of ___.
  • art
  • science
  • religion
  • dichotomy
  • democracy
getting a clue4
Getting a Clue
  • Museums, because they house not just paintings and sculptures selected to reflect the tastes of the broadest possible segment of the population, are good places for students of ___.
  • art
  • science
  • religion
  • dichotomy
  • democracy
trigger words
Trigger Words

Words that signal cause and effect:

  • because, if…then, thus, consequently, accordingly,
  • therefore, so…that, hence, in order to, when…then, given,
trigger words1
Trigger Words

Words that signal support or continuation:

  • and, also, as well, additionally, furthermore, indeed,
  • likewise, moreover, too, besides
trigger words2
Trigger Words

Words that signal contrast (difference):

  • but, although, even though, yet, rather than, despite, in spite
  • of, in contrast, however, nevertheless, nonetheless,
  • notwithstanding, on the contrary, on the other hand, still, while
trigger words3
Trigger Words

Other words that hint at a contrast (difference):

  • surprise, surprising, surprisingly
  • paradox, paradoxical, paradoxically
  • irony, ironic, ironically
  • incongruity, incongruous, incongruously
  • illogic, illogical, illogically
  • anomaly, anomalous, anomalously
  • unexpected, unexpectedly