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CISE in Dynamic Change. John Cozzens Program Director Div of Computing and Communications Foundations Phone: 703-292-8912 Email: www. NSF Organization Chart. CISE Strategic Objectives. Enhance research portfolio Increase fundamental CS research

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CISE in Dynamic Change

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    1. CISE in Dynamic Change John Cozzens Program Director Div of Computing and Communications Foundations Phone: 703-292-8912 Email:

    2. NSF Organization Chart

    3. CISE Strategic Objectives • Enhance research portfolio • Increase fundamental CS research • Cyberinfrastructure • Cybertrust • Science of design • Broaden participation • Improve organizational effectiveness

    4. Cyber Infrastructure

    5. Evolution of the Computational Infrastructure Cyberinfrastructure TCS, DTF, ETF Terascale NPACI and Alliance PACI NSF Networking Prior Computing Investments SDSC, NCSA, PSC, CTC Supercomputer Centers | | | | | | 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010

    6. Cyberinfrastructure consists of … • Computational engines (supercomputers, clusters, workstations, small processors, …) • Mass storage (disk drives, tapes, …) • Networking (including wireless, distributed, ubiquitous) • Digital libraries/data bases • Sensors/effectors • Software (operating systems, middleware, domain specific tools/platforms for building applications) • Services (education, training, consulting, user assistance) All working together in an integrated fashion.

    7. Integrated Cyberinfrastructure… Education & Training Applications Discovery & Innovation Domain Specific Cybertools DevelopmentTools & Libraries Grid Services & Middleware Shared CI Hardware

    8. Cyber Trust

    9. Trust Homeland Security CIP CS National Cyber Security Context Homeland SecurityCritical Infrastructure ProtectionCyber Security Cyber Trust

    10. Cyber Trust Vision • Society in which: • Computing systems operate securely and reliably • national scale infrastructures: water, power, communication, transportation, ... • localized systems: cars, homes, ... • Computing systems protect sensitive information • health, banking, libraries, e-commerce, government records must conform to public policy • Systems are developed and operated by a well-trained and diverse workforce • Without fear of sudden disruption by cyber attacks

    11. NSF’s Cyber Trust Initiative • Coordinated effort for research and education in • Security • Reliability • Privacy, etc. • Essentially, all the attributes so that a computing, communication, or information system can be trusted

    12. Cyber Trust – Current Activities • Research Grants • Active grant programs in Trusted Computing, Network Security, Data and Application Security, Secure Embedded and Control Systems • FY02 total funding about $15M, including base and ITR • about 65 grants, ranging from about $200K to $2M • Scholarships for Service program • Education: • 19 institutions, $46M; FY02: 6 for $8.6M + $9M supplement • Average estimated student production through FY02: 283/yr. • FY03 grants to 4 institutions, $10.3M • Capacity Building • 19 active grants $4M total; FY02: 10 for $1.9M • Centers • I/UCRCs: • Center for Identification Tech. Research (Biometrics) $600K, WVU • Cyber Protection Center (planning grant FY02, 3 institutions)

    13. Cyber Trust – Plans for Growth • Research Grants: • Direct significant portion of FY03 appropriation increase to Cyber Trust research programs (~$15M added, for total of about $30M) • ITR funding will augment • FY04: Cyber Trust announcement: single and multiple-investigator grants; include multidisciplinary • Centers: • Initiate new center-scale activities under Cyber Trust theme announcement • Leverage existing NSF center competitions: • I/UCRCs: 1 in place, 1 maturing, another award expected • STCs – several pre-proposals received, now in review • ERCs – current competition nearly complete • ITR – Large: two related awards this year

    14. CISE Reorganization

    15. CISE Reorganization: Drivers • Scientific: changes to the field • Current organization is essentially the same as in 1985 • Administrative: proposal pressure • Up 125% since 1997 (vs. 16% for NSF) • Financial: end of ITR • How to invest those funds

    16. CISE Reorganization: Strategic Objectives • Realign divisions • To achieve coherence • To mirror the field • Cluster similar programs • Support cross-cutting themes • Build on success of ITR to invigorate CISE core

    17. CISE Reorganization: Goals • Increase productivity and efficiency for investigators and program officers • Increase grant size and duration • Sharpen focus of CISE programs • Increase agility in the CISE organization • Integrate education and research • Broaden participation in CISE activities

    18. Former CISE Organization CISE Over 45 Programs ACIR ANIR C-CR EIA IIS Networking Research, Middleware Commun. Sig. Proc. Embed Sys Dsgn Aut Architecture Advanced Computation Research Cross-cut. Programs [Edu, Divrs, Infra, Expr] Dig. Soc. HCI Info Mngt Robotics Cognitive

    19. Proposed CISE Organization

    20. Key Concept: Clusters • Comprehensive activity in coherent area of research and education • Teams of Program Officers and Staff working closely with community • Initially: groups of existing programs • Eventually: one program per cluster

    21. Computing & Communication Foundations (CCF) • Formal and mathematical foundations • Computer science theory; numerical computing; computational algebra and geometry; signal processing and communication • Foundations of computing processes and artifacts • Software engineering; software tools for HPC; programming language design; compilers; computer architecture; graphics and visualization • Emerging models for technology and computation • Computational biology; quantum computing; nano-scale computing; biologically inspired computing

    22. Shared Cyberinfrastructure (SCI) • Infrastructure Development • Creating, testing, and hardening next-generation deployed systems • Infrastructure Deployment • Planning, construction, commissioning and operations • Middleware Infrastructure - Enabling deployment of large scale applications - Supporting grid applications

    23. Information and Intelligent Systems (IIS) • Systems in context • Human computer interaction; educational technology; robotics; computer-supported cooperative work; digital government • Understanding, inference, & data • Databases; artificial intelligence; text, image, speech, and video analysis; information retrieval; knowledge systems • Data-driven science • Bioinformatics; geoinformatics; cognitive neuroscience; …

    24. Computer and Network Systems (CNS) • Computer systems • FY04: Programs in distributed systems; embedded and hybrid systems; next-generation software systems • FY05: single cluster with fall deadline • Network systems • FY04: General topics and focus areas; research in networking, sensors, and software wireless • FY05: single cluster with fall deadline • Computing research infrastructure • FY04: current infrastructure programs (RI, RR, MII) • FY05: single cluster with (next) summer deadline • Ongoing: Major Research Instrumentation (MRI)

    25. Key Concept: Themes • Focused areas of research that cut across clusters and divisions • Address scientific and national priorities • Have program announcements and funds • Examples: • Cybertrust • Education and workforce • Science of design • Information integration

    26. Cybertrust Theme • Vision: A society in which • Computing systems operate securely and reliably • Computing systems protect sensitive information • Systems are developed and operated by well-trained and diverse workforce • Research on foundations, network security, systems software, and information systems • Integrated education and workforce activities • Program announcement being created

    27. Education and Workforce Theme • Goal • Much greater integration of education and workforce development with research projects • Fiscal Year 04 • Research/Education program: CRCD/EI (late fall) • Workforce program: ITWF (late fall) • Increased synergy with research programs (e.g., cybertrust) • Fiscal Year 05 • One program with education, workforce, and integration • Ongoing • numerous cross-directorate programs

    28. Infrastructure and Instrumentation (current)

    29. Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) • Announcement: NSF 01-171 • Deadline: 4th Thursday of January • Award Size: $100K to $2M • Submit to: Disciplinary Division • Limitation: No more than 3/institution • Acquisition or development of major research instrumentation by U.S. institutions that is, in general, too costly for support through other NSF programs

    30. CISE Research Infrastructure (RI) • Announcement: NSF 00-5 • Deadline:3rd Monday in October each year • Award Size: $800K to $2M • Limitations: PhD granting US institutions • Submit to: CISE/CNS • Provides infrastructure for research groups requiring strengthening of research facilities in a variety of environments. • Stimulates experimental work in CISE research.

    31. CISE Research Resources (RR) • Announcement: NSF 01-100 • Deadline:1st Monday in February • Submit to: CISE/CNS • Three subprograms: • CISE Instrumentation: Acquisition of resources in areas supported by CISE required for 2 to 4 research projects. $30K-$200K over 1-3 years • Collaborative Research Resources:  Support establishment, enhancement, and operation of major resources for multi-investigator, synergistic research or research/education. $200K-$500K over 1-3 years. • Distributed Research Resources. Establish/maintain unique, geographically distributed resources that can be accessed remotely by CISE researchers around the country. $100K-$300K per year for 3 to 4 years.

    32. Minority Institution Infrastructure (MII) • Announcement: NSF 96-15 • Deadline:2nd Tuesday in February each year • Award Size: $800K to $1.5M • Limitations: Minority-serving institutions with a disciplinary area related to CISE • Submit to: CISE/CNS • Provides infrastructure for research groups requiring strengthening of research facilities in a variety of environments. • Stimulates experimental work in CISE research.

    33. Status and Proposed Plans • November 2003 • Start operating with new divisions • FY 2004 • Transition year, with many of changes • Last year of ITR (and it will be different) • FY 2005 • Full implementation of new organization • Beginning of Cyberinfrastructure activity

    34. Conclusion • Significant and fundamental CS&E research and education will provide foundation for future advances in many areas of S&E. • Advances in fundamental CS&E are central to broader societal concerns as well. • The community cannot rest on success in IT, but must continue to increase support for • underlying science • well-educated workforce.