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Exploring the Horticulture Field. General Horticulture AG-GH-PS-12. A Brief History. began in 377-288 B.C. when Greek horticulturalist Theophrastus speculated that the roots of plants absorb nutrients

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    exploring the horticulture field

    Exploring the Horticulture Field

    General Horticulture

    AG-GH-PS-12

    a brief history
    A Brief History
    • began in 377-288 B.C. when Greek horticulturalist Theophrastus speculated that the roots of plants absorb nutrients
    • In the 1700s, Swedish Botanist C.V. Linnaeus developed a system for naming plants (binomial nomenclature)
    • Beginning in 1843, Gregor Mendel started the basis for genetics with his pea plant experiments.
    what is horticulture
    What is Horticulture?
    • Includes the cultivation, processing, and sale of fruits, nuts, vegetables, ornamental plants, and flowers.
    • Latin “hortus” meaning ‘garden’ and “culture” meaning ‘to grow’
    the horticulture industry consists of four major divisions
    The horticulture industry consists of four major divisions:
    • Pomology
      • The science and practice of growing, harvesting, handling, storing, processing, and marketing tree fruits
    • Olericulture
      • The science and practice of growing,

    harvesting, storing, and marketing

    vegetables

    ornamental horticulture
    Ornamental Horticulture
    • The growing and using of plants for their beauty
    • Divided into two areas:
      • Floriculture
      • Landscape Horticulture
    floriculture the science and practice of growing

    Floriculture

      • The science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, designing, and marketing flowering and foliage plants
    • Landscape & Nursery Industry
      • The science and practice of propagating, growing, installing, maintaining, and using grasses, annual plants, shrubs, and trees in the landscape
    flowering foliage plants
    Flowering & Foliage Plants
    • Cut flowers, flowering potted plants, foliage plants, and bedding plants are produced by greenhouse growers
    • What is a foliage plant?
      • Plants grown for their colored leaves and stems
      • Offices and businesses use these plants to create an attractive interior environment
    cut flowers vs flowering plants
    Cut Flowers vs. Flowering Plants
    • Cut Flowers
      • Sold to florists
      • Made into bouquets
      • Sold to the public
    • Flowering Potted Plants
      • Sold in the containers in which they are grown
      • Used to plant in yards
      • In home decorations
    specialized areas
    Specialized Areas
    • Seed Production
      • The science and practice of producing, processing, and selling high-quality seed crops for use in growing a wild range of horticulture crops that grow true from seed
    • Related Occupations
      • Those areas that provide products and services necessary in the production of horticulture crops
    landscape horticulture
    Landscape Horticulture
    • It is producing and using plants to make outdoor environments more appealing
    • Shrubs and ornamental trees are grown in nurseries before being transplanted
    • A landscaper designs, plans, installs plants, and maintains plants in the outdoor environment
    horticulture in georgia
    Horticulture in Georgia

    Total Value in 2008: $3.1 Billion

    • Vegetables - $849 million
    • Vidalia Onions - $139 million
    • Watermelon - $118 million
    • Landscape - $800 million
    • Nursery - $290 million
    • Fruit - $141 million
    • Blueberries - $61 million
    • Peaches - $49 million
    • Greenhouse - $261 million
    • Pecans - $125 million
    jobs in horticulture
    Jobs in Horticulture
    • Greenhouse Employee
    • Grounds Maintenance Employee
    • Gardener Center Employee
    • Nursery Employee
    • Golf Course Employee
    • City, State, or National Park Employee
    factors to consider before selecting a career
    Factors to Consider before Selecting a Career
    • Will the job be challenging?
    • What types of duties does the work involve?
    • What skills does the job require?
    • Are jobs in the field available?
    jobs the requires work with hands or tools and done outside
    Jobs the requires work with hands or tools and done outside
    • Greenhouse Worker
    • Propagator
    • Tree Surgeon
    • Turf Worker
    • Greens Keeper
    • Orchardist
    • Vegetable Crop Grower
    • Nursery Grower
    • Bedder
    • Pruner
    • Grounds Keeper
    • Landscape Gardener
    • Small Fruit Grower
    • Farm Chemical Sales Worker
    jobs that may require advanced training
    Jobs that may require advanced training
    • Landscape Architect
    • Teacher
    • Plant Breeder
    • Sales Person
    • Greenhouse Manager
    • Garden Center Manager
    • Pesticide Specialist
    • Consultant
    • Researcher
    • Office Supervisor
    • Plant Disease Specialist
    • Nursery Manager
    • Pest Control Specialist
    • Landscape Contractor