cellulosic biodiesel www biofinetechnology com n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Biofine Technology, LLC PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Biofine Technology, LLC

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 32

Biofine Technology, LLC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 170 Views
  • Uploaded on

“Cellulosic Biodiesel” www.biofinetechnology.com. Biofine Technology, LLC. CELLULOSE AND STARCH. THE BIOFINE PROCESS. CELLULOSIC BIODIESEL. BIOFINE. PRESENTATION OUTLINE. THE BIOFINE “ BIO-REFINING ” PROCESS LEVULINIC ACID: A VERSATILE PLATFORM CHEMICAL

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Biofine Technology, LLC' - phoebe


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

CELLULOSE AND STARCH

THE

BIOFINE

PROCESS

CELLULOSIC BIODIESEL

BIOFINE

slide3

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

  • THE BIOFINE “BIO-REFINING” PROCESS
  • LEVULINIC ACID: A VERSATILE PLATFORM CHEMICAL
  • LEVULINATE ESTERS: A NEW CLASS OF CELLULOSIC ADVANCED BIOFUELS
  • TEST WORK (BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY)
  • LIFE CYCLE CARBON DIOXIDE SAVINGS AND BENEFITS FOR HEATING OIL
  • FEEDSTOCKS AND POTENTIAL LOCATIONS
  • PRODUCTION - WHAT WILL IT COST?

BIOFINE

biofine process fast chemical conversion
Biofine Process – Fast Chemical Conversion

Cellulose

Sugars

Intermediates I

HMF

Intermediates II

Levulinic Acid

(50wt %)

First Stage

“Plug Flow”

Reactor

Fast Reaction

(Seconds)

Slower Reaction

(Minutes)

BYPRODUCTS: Tars

(30 wt%)

Formic Acid (20 wt %)

Second Stage

“Back Mixed”

Reactor

slide6

PRODUCTS

FEEDSTOCKS

“BIOMASS”

CROPS

ARGICULTURAL

RESIDUES

CELLULOSIC

SLUDGES

WOOD

STARCH

WASTE

PAPER

MOLASSES

LEVULINIC

ACID

FURFURAL

LIGNEOUS

CHAR

SPECIALTY

CHEMICALS

COMMODITY

CHEMICALS

HERBICIDES

PESTICIDES

TRANSPORTATION

FUELS

HEATING OIL

FORMIC

ACID

THE

BIOFINE

PROCESS

DOWNSTREAM

CONVERSION

THE BIOFINE PROCESS

(THE “BIOREFINERY”)

BIOFINE

slide7

LEVULINIC ACID: ONE OF THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY’S “SELECT TWELVE” PLATFORM CHEMICALS FROM BIOMASS

liquid fuel markets
Liquid Fuel Markets

U.S. Fuel Markets:

Heating oil – 7+ billion gallons

Diesel Fuel – 53+ billion gallons

Gasoline – 140+ billion gallons

8

drivers for renewable liquid fuels
DRIVERS FOR RENEWABLE LIQUID FUELS
  • Sustainable Development (Social, Economic and Environmental)
    • Kyoto – Reduction of Atmospheric Carbon Emissions
    • Legislation (Carbon Control Programs for Fuels)
    • Synergy with Primary Carbon Use (Liquids)
    • Convenience of Use -High energy content (Liquid Fuels)
    • Improved Product Performance (Cleaner Burning)
    • Security of Supply (Home Grown Fuels)
    • Agricultural Support (Energy Farms, Ag Byproducts)
    • New Business Potential (Huge markets)
slide10

LEVULINATE ESTERS

“CELLULOSIC BIODIESEL”

A NEW CLASS OF ADVANCED BIOFUEL

FOR USE IN

COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL HEATING OIL

BIOFINE

slide11

“CELLULOSIC BIODIESEL”

LEVULINIC ACID ESTERS

  • EASILY PRODUCED FROM LEVULINIC ACID AND AN ALCOHOL (ETHANOL OR METHANOL)
  • BIODIESEL FROM NON-FOOD FEEDSTOCKS - CELLULOSE
  • GREENHOUSE GAS SAVING – OVER 90%
  • GRAS - PRESENT MARKET IS IN FLAVORS AND FRAGRANCES
  • SAFE - HIGH FLASH POINT TEMPERATURE
  • LOW FREEZING POINT
  • CLEAN COMBUSTION (HIGH EFFIC, LOW PARTICULATE)
  • ROUTE FOR METHANOL OR ETHANOL INTO HEAVY FUELS
  • REASONABLE ENERGY DENSITY (100,000 BTU PER GALLON)
  • LOW VISCOSITY, HIGH LUBRICITY
  • BLENDS WITH BIODIESEL IN ALL PROPORTIONS
  • MUTUAL SOLVENCY WITH BIODIESEL IN DIESEL AND H.O.
  • EXTENDS AVAILABILITY OF FAME TO MEET DEMAND

BIOFINE

slide12

LEVUINATE ESTER FUEL TESTING PROGRAM AT BNL

  • LEVULINIC ESTER BLENDS WITH BIODIESEL AND No. 2 HEATING OIL
  • FUNDED BY NORA, BIOFINE AND BNL
  • OXIDATIVE STABILITY (RANCIMAT)
  • ELASTOMER TESTING (NITRILE, VITON, TEFLON) (IN-PROGRESS)
  • COMBUSTION TESTING (EFFICIENCY AND EMISSIONS)
  • BLEND MISCIBILITY ESTERS WITH BIODIESEL AND No.2 H.O.
  • COLD TEMPERATURE BEHAVIOUR (CLOUD/POUR) (IN PROGRESS)
  • WATER ABSORPTION
  • BURNER CLEANING EFFECT FOR GUM DEPOSITION (IN-PROGRESS)
slide14

COMBUSTION QUALITY RESULTS

  • SUMMARY (Operational data from oil-fired test boiler at BNL)
        • CO CO2 % SO2 EFF%NOx
        • (ppm) (ppm) (ppm)
  • No. 2 Oil 6.6 13% 61 86.6% 119
  • Levulinate Ester 2.1 10% 2 86.2% 39
slide15

LEVULINATE ESTER COMBUSTION IN OIL BURNER

B.N.L. Photos 100% E.L. and No. 2 Heating Oil

(B.N.L. notes lean burn of E.L. and less excess air required)

Ethyl Levulinate EL-100

No. 2 Home Heating Oil

BIOFINE

slide17

LEVULINATE ESTER USE WITH

BIODIESEL (FAME) - MISCIBILITY

B.N.L. Photo of 50% Levulinate Ester and 50% Biodiesel

BIOFINE

slide18

LEVULINATE ESTER USE WITH

BIODIESEL (FAME) - MISCIBILITY

B.N.L. Photo of 5% Ester, 5% Biodiesel, 90% heating Oil

BIOFINE

slide19

LOW TEMPERATURE BEHAVIOUR OF ESTER BLENDS

  • TESTING IN PROGRESS PER ASTM D-5771 AND D-5950
  • INITIAL QUALITATIVE TESTING CONFIRM SIGNIFICANT LOW TEMPERATURE BENEFITS ON CLOUD POINT AND CFPP
slide20

WATER ABSORPTION WITH ESTER BLENDS

  • HEATING OIL/BIODIESEL/ESTER BLENDS REJECT WATER
  • BLENDS ARE STABLE IN PRESENCE OF WATER
  • NO MEASURABLE CHANGE IN SEPARATED WATER VOLUME
  • SUPPORTED BY PREVIOUS TEST WORK (PER ASTM D-1094)
slide21

GREENHOUSE GAS LIFE CYCLE ANALYSES FOR LEVULINATES

  • FUNDED BY BIOFINE
  • CARRIED OUT INDEPENDENTLY BY EARTHSHIFT LLC (VERMONT/N.H.)
  • “GREET” MODEL (ANL)
  • ASSESSMENT OF THE SUSTAINABILITY OF BIOMASS-DERIVED FUELS
  • COMPARED LEVULINATE ESTER TO BIODIESEL AND GASOLINE/DIESEL
slide24

Material and Energy Flows for

Production and Utilization of

Chemicals & Fuels from Biomass

BIOFINE

slide27

SIGNIFICANCE FOR HEATING OIL EMISSIONS

  • BLENDING REQUIREMENT WITH HEATING OIL TO ACHIEVE GHG PARITY WITH NATURAL GAS HEAT
  • SOY BIODIESEL – 12%
  • LEVULINATE ESTER – 6%
  • 50/50 BIODIESEL/LEVULINATE ESTER BLEND – 9%
slide28

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF LARGE SCALE

COMMERCIAL APPLICATION

  • Facility Feedstock Capacity 1,000 dry tonnes per day
  • Direct jobs created 90 full time equivalents
  • Supply jobs created 58 full time equivalents
  • Induced jobs 337 full time equivalents
  • TOTAL JOBS CREATED486 full time equivalents
  • Construction jobs created 565 job years (250 per year)
  • Petroleum Displacement 1,000,000 barrels/yr
  • Innovative Natural Resource Solutions LLC

BIOFINE

co location
Co-location
  • Pulp and/or paper mill
  • Power Plants
  • Waste Recycling Plants
    • Saves capital and operating costs
    • Leverages existing infrastructure and resources
biomass conversion cost large scale operation
Biomass Conversion CostLarge Scale Operation

BIOFINE

  • Biomass delivered $70 per dry tonne

$4 per GJ

  • Fuel Production Cost $ 426 per tonne

$17 per GJ

Compare:

Gasoline at $2.15/gallon $740 per tonne

$17 per GJ

stephen w fitzpatrick ph d 508 532 6760 extn 11 www biofinetechnology com
Stephen W. Fitzpatrick Ph.D.

(508) 532 6760 extn 11

WWW.BIOFINETECHNOLOGY.COM

Biofine Technology, LLC