Involvement of Nurses in Research in Malawi. Alfred Maluwa, PhD Research Director University of Malawi Kamuzu College of Nursing Global Health Research Launch Meeting Kamuzu College of Nursing 4 th October, 2012. Introduction.
Alfred Maluwa, PhD
University of Malawi
Kamuzu College of Nursing
Global Health Research Launch Meeting
Kamuzu College of Nursing
4th October, 2012.
In the University of Malawi, promotion of faculty is based on publication in peer reviewed journals
Faculty at KCN have to teach students; supervise them during clinical and community placements; set, administer and mark examinations
Faculty of KCN have to meet the four essential elements of university education:
The challenge is on how to balance the importance of teaching, nursing practice, and research /publications
Enables recognition of the past through the researchers’ acknowledgment of the present / existing knowledge.
Leads toreflection, synthesis, and identification of gaps in knowledge through critical appraisal of the literature.
The research process itself allows for opportunity to think logically, communicate effectively with editors, reviewers, and readers, and therefore sharpens argumentation.
Researchers develop attributes in working systematically, dealing with conflict, truthfulness, and transparency in origins of ideas or concepts.
Research experience provides evidence that improves nursing practice
Best practices in nursing are developed through rigorous research conducted by nurse scientists
The faculty members who publish benefit from the peer-review process
Their research findings and ideas are presented to the clinical services and academic world
Nurse scholarly productivity is not uniformly distributed across the world.
Out of 1286 articles on nursing education research in “major journals” published between 1991 and 2000,
90% of the articles were from North America and Europe.
Nursing research and publications were poorly developed in the UK and lagged behind other university disciplines.
KamuzuCollege of Nursing was opened in 1979
The aim is to prepare most highly qualified nursing and midwifery personnel for the Malawian nation
The college focuses on total student and staff development geared towards addressing both the current and emerging health issues
The college encourages faculty to integrate the findings of vibrant research and outreach programs to inform practice
Faculty should pursue excellence in practice through own professional and personal development
After 27 years of its existence, (1979 to 2005) the research outputs at the college were very low;
There were 57 faculty; 6 PhD holders, 32 with Masters Degree, and 19 with B.Sc.
There were 42 publications translating to 1.4 faculty members per publication
A total of 16 published articles were associated with only 2 faculty members
Some of the articles were published as early as 1988 showing that research output per year was very low
Some of the publications were from faculty in the basic department
Most of the publications came from research projects
Most faculty did not have research projects
The situation has improved with the introduction of postgraduate programs
The college has 5 Masters programs in clinical specializations;
M.Sc. (Midwifery); M.Sc. (Reproductive Health); M.Sc. (Child Health Nursing); M.Sc. (Community and Mental Health Nursing);
M.Sc. (Nursing and Midwifery Education).
Students are undertaking research on different topics within each masters program
Students are encouraged to publish their research results
Hence the number of publications (research output) has increased to 23 in the current year.
The college has 66 faculty in 4 departments;
Basic studies, Maternal and Child Health, Medical – Surgical Nursing and Community.
There is 1 full professor
3 Associate professors
13 Senior Lectures
7 Assistant Lectures
8 Clinical instructors
The college continues to collaborate with the postgraduates students after they have graduated to jointly implement research programs
The college has as of August, 2012 been designated a World Health Organization Collaborating Centre (WHO CC) for Excellence in Inter Professional Education and Practice
The college is developing a PhD program in inter professional Health Sciences
The program will further strengthen research at Kamuzu College of Nursing
Kamuzu College of Nursing is collaborating with other Universities abroad, Norway, USA, UK, Ireland, Australia
The college is also engaged in regional collaboration (Botswana, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Zambia)
The college is also collaborating with institutions in the country
(College of Medicine, Luanar, FHI, NAC, Ministry of Health, CHAM Nursing Institutions, Malawi College of Health Sciences, NGOs)
Research is very important for evidence based nursing practice
Kamuzu College of Nursing has strategically placed herself to implement more research programs and increase research outputs (Publications, inventions, patents)