The Color Wheel The color wheel is the basic tool for combining colors. The first circular color diagram was designed by Sir Isaac Newton in 1666. The color wheel is designed so that virtually any colors you pick will look good together. Over the years, many variations of the basic design have been made, but the most common version is a wheel of 12 colors based on the RYB (or artistic) color model.
Hues and Neutral Colors • Hue- a hue is the name of any pure color • found on the color spectrum and color wheel: red, yellow, blue, etc… Neutral- a color that is not on the color wheel like: black, white, gray, and brown They aren’t associated with hues.
The 12 Colors on the Color Wheel Primary: can’t be mixed red yellow blue Secondary: = combination of 2 primaries orange green violet
Intermediate or Tertiary= the comniantion of 1 primary + 1 secondary 1.+ = yellow-green 2. + = red-orange 3. + = 4. + = 5. + = 6. + =
Color Schemes • Color Scheme-a systematic way of using the color wheel to put colors together… it is the group of colors you choose in your art work, putting together the clothes you wear, deciding what colors to paint your room….. • There are several different color schemes: • Warm 5. Analogous • Cool 6. Triadic • Complementary 7. Split-complementary • Monochromatic
Warm & Cool Colors Warm and cool colors The color wheel can be divided into warm and cool colors. Warm colors are vivid and energetic, and tend to advance in space (jump out at you). Cool colors give an impression of calm, and create a soothing impression. 6 warm 6 cool Remember: white, black, brown and gray are considered to be neutral. They aren’t on the wheel.
Color: • Color comes from light; if it weren’t for light we would have no color. • When the light rays hits an object our eyes responds to the light that is bounced back and we see that color. • Monochromaticis a color scheme where one color is used but in different tones or values and intensity – showing the lights and darks of that 1 color. Shade- a dark value; a color plus black Tint- a light value; a color plus white
MONOCHROMATIC COLOR SCHEME A MONOCHROMATIC color scheme shows lights and darks of one maincolor. What is the dominant color of this painting? "The Creation"
What is the dominant color in this color scheme? Can you find a tint? Do you see a shade? Building More Stately Mansions, 1944
Value: is the lightness or darkness of a color. • A value scale is a grid that shows the range of values for a color. ADD white ADD black tint shade This is a Monochromatic value scale that shows the gradual change from light to dark with 1 color: blue
Complementary color scheme Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be complementary colors (example: red and green). The high contrast of complementary colors creates a vibrant look especially when used at full saturation.
Analogous color scheme Analogous color schemes use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs. Analogous color schemes are often found in nature and are harmonious and pleasing to the eye. Make sure you have enough contrast when choosing an analogous color scheme. Choose one color to dominate, a second to support. The third color is used (along with black, white or gray) as an accent.
Triadic color scheme A triadic color scheme uses colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel. Triadic color schemes tend to be quite vibrant, even if you use pale or unsaturated versions of your hues. To use a triadic harmony successfully, the colors should be carefully balanced - let one color dominate and use the two others for accent.
Split-Complementary color scheme The split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme. In addition to the base color, it uses the two colors adjacent to its complement. This color scheme has the same strong visual contrast as the complementary color scheme, but has less tension. The split-complimentary color scheme is often a good choice for beginners, because it is difficult to mess up.
Credits • http://www.tigercolor.com/color-lab/color-theory/color-theory-intro.htm