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LINEAR TENDS TENDENCIAS ANUALES 1956 – 1991 mm/year PowerPoint Presentation
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LINEAR TENDS TENDENCIAS ANUALES 1956 – 1991 mm/year

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LINEAR TENDS TENDENCIAS ANUALES 1956 – 1991 mm/year

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  1. Observed climate changes in Southern South America Vicente Barros San José de Costa Rica May 27, 2003 LINEAR TENDS TENDENCIAS ANUALES 1956 – 1991 mm/year

  2. Surface temperature trend:Subtropical region

  3. Surface temperature trends Resumme: Subtropical region Mean temperature: no apreciable changes Positive trend in minimum temperature Negative trend in maximum temperature Patagonia region Positive trends in mean temmpertaure Increasing toward the south

  4. LINEAR TENDS TENDENCIAS ANUALES 1956 – 1991 mm/year

  5. Mean annual precipitation

  6. Isohiets shift to the west

  7. 30% INCREAMENT !

  8. HYDROLOGICAL RESPONSE

  9. Mean annual discharge of the Parná River at Corrientes

  10. Is the hydrological change a response to climate or to land use change? • If it is response to both: • how much is due to eachone?

  11. Precipitation on the Plata basin (m3 s-1) Discharge (m3 s-1) Evaporaction + Infiltration (m3 s-1) 1998 107000 36600 70400 1999 81600 20440 61600 Difference 23 % 44 % 13 % El Niño 76000 25250 50750 La Niña 71000 21640 49360 Difference 7 % 17 % 3 % 1951-1970 72000 19300 52700 1980-1999 83500 26000 56500 Difference 16 % 35 % 9 % HYDROLOGY: AMPLIFICATION OF THE CLIMATE SIGNAL [1]For lack of available precipitation records north 20ES during the 1951-1970 period, rainfall rates over La Plata basin for this and for the 1980-1999 period were calculated only for the area south of this latitude.

  12. Wavelet Analysis of the mean monthly streamflow of the Paraná River (1931-2001), showing the increament of the components of 4 and 8 years since the 70’s by Angel Menendez

  13. Greatest discharges in the ParanáRiver (Jaime & Menéndez, INA)

  14. Greatest ebbs in the Paraná River (Jaime & Menéndez, INA)

  15. The new conditions are more frequently out of the coping range

  16. 1997/98 Floodof the Paraná River (Satellite imagens from CONAE)

  17. Rainfall anomalies for April (+) of El Niño events (1950-99)

  18. BENEFITS • The agriculture frontier shifted westward • Greater productivity in the humid Pampas • More hydropower

  19. DAMAGES • Tropical deseases • More frequent floods • Increased litigation

  20. Are these changes related to the increased Greenhouse gasses concentrations?

  21. (a) (b)

  22. CONCLUSIONS • Southeastern South America had an important increase in Precipitation • This change was enhanced in some hydrological systems • It caused important economic benefits and damages • It could be related to GHG human emissions

  23. Thank you...